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1. Each Hindu Home should be constructed according to the instructions given in Vastu-Sastras. Land Puja should be done before starting the construction of home.

2. After the construction of home, one should consider the pujas like Ganapati Homam and Bhagavati Seva on the day of entering home for living.

3. Nilavilakku (shown in figure) is must for a Hindu home. One should brighten the Nilavilakku for two times a day. ie, in the morning and evening. It should brighten in the direction of East in the morning and East & West (both directions) in the evening.

4. A Thulasi Thara is must in the door-way (front of the house) and it should be cleaned regularly. Water the Thulasi Plant, twice a, in the morning and evening.

5. Ramayana, Mahabharatha, Bhagavat Gita, Devi Mahatmyam, Maha Bhagavatham or other puranas should consider as sacred text and should be placed in Puja Room. Find your time to read the texts occasionally. Take good stories with messages from Puranas and narrate it to your children.

6. A Para (rounded pot) that made from wood which is tied with brass, a wooden Plank (Aavana Palaka), a Chaana (used for grinding chandanam), a washed cloth (cut and take a small piece from it and round it in the manner of a small stick to place it in the oil of lamp to burn Nilavilakku), Nellu (Paddy) etc should always kept in a house.

7. Should wake up early in the morning, ie, before the sun rise. (Brahma muhurtha is best time for wake up).

8. Should pray Gods and Goddess just before and after sleeping.

9. One should not waste water and food products unneccesarly. Food should be prepared according to eachone's need.

10. A pooja room is needed in house, Otherwise find an ideal space in your home for fixing the God's images for praying.

11. One should find time to visit temple for worship everyday or occasionally from your daily routine.

12. The sacred items (prasadam) got from temple like sandal (Chandanam), Vibhuti, Kumkuma etc should be kept in Pooja room. You can use it for putting it in forehead for the days you missed to visit temple.

13. You can mix the prasadam and other sacred items that got from temple in the flowing water (river) after it became useless or dried.

14. Should wear casual dress according to your native place, whether it is in kerala or other states. It reflects our culture and family atmosphere.

15. Always try to wear native dress.

16. Avoid cow meat. According to Indian culture, cow has given a status as that of a mother.

17. Eat only vegetarian food during hindu sacred days.

18. Seed and grow the surroundings of your house with Vegetable Plants.

19. Inform anyone in the house, while you going outside.

20. Maintain a respected behaviour with the Guests.

21. While taking rice for making food, a fistful of rice should be saved separately for almsgiving.

22. A share of your family income should be saved separately for the welfare of society. Spend it carefully so that it should benefit the society.

23. Hearing and Singing the bhagavatha keerthanam just after waken up in the morning is good for mind.

24. Trees should be grown around the surroundings of home to create a healthy atmosphere for living. Also clean your surroundings and house regularly.

25. The house wives should take care in performing Offerings (vazhipadu) and poojas in family temples as well as in other temples during regular intervals.

26. From their childhood onwards, our children should have given the divine knowledge and try to create a divine atmosphere in the family. They should be grown with God fear, as it will control the child from doing the wrongs.

27. Bhagavat Gita consists the hymns and messages of our every problems in life. So try to read the book and spread the message.

28. Save a good amount of income as an investment for future needs for ourselves and children.

29. Spent some time in pooja room daily evening along with your family and chant "Hare Rama Hare Rama, Hare Krishna Hare Krishna" Prayer. It is good for mind. Also eat the food along with your family atleast once a day, whether it is breakfast, lunch or dinner.

30. Placing the images of your favourite Gods and Goddess in the verandah (door-way) is good for your house. An image of Drishti Ganapati in the door-way should be an ideal solution for avoiding the Drishti Dosha of House. Drishti (Sanskrit) means evil eye sight.

31. Images of saints like Sree Rama Krishna Paramahamsa, Swami Vivekananda, Chattambi Swami, Sree Narayana Guru etc can be fixed in the wall of house. It would be prosperity to house.

32. Also fixing the images of Mahatma Gandhi (father of our nation), other social reformers and independent activists in the walls of home will reflect your love towards the nation.

33. If there is any opinion difference or other problems between the members of family, solve it as early as possible. Don't put it in mind, it would make us to react harshly for silly reasons, which may results in big problems.

34. Avoid the luxurious conduction of marriage or other ceremonies in the family. Marriage should be performed in a simple manner remembering the old style marriage with rituals. Nowadays people are trying to conduct their beloved ones's marriage in luxurious manner by selling their land itself. It is not good as it will affect the poor people for marriage expenses by conducting the similar new style luxurious marriage.

35. We should analyse ourselves before starting the construction of our home. We should prepare our estimation and make sure that we had the budget for the whole construction of home. Because, many people fall in taking huge loans due to their higher aspirations for building palace like houses with their limited budgets.

Note: The above article is a translated content from a book called Haindava Samskriti (Malayalam) written by Deepu Radhakrishnan.
Marthanda Varma Raja (Thampuran) History and the story of Royal Family reign in Travancore:

Marthanda Varma Thampuran was born in AD 1706 as the son of junior Attingal Rani. He becomes the king under the law of Marumakkathayam, after the demise of Rajah Rama Varma of Venad Kingdom in 1729. He formed the Travancore Kingdom and was also the first king of Travancore. Padmanabhapuram is the capital of Travancore during the period of Raja and later in 1795 it was shifted to Thiruvananthapuram during the reign of Dharma Raja, the nephew of Marthanda Varma.

The Ettuveetil Pillamar Story:

When the Marthanda Varma came to power, Ettuveetil Pillamar is strong enough to challenge the king. But the people of Travancore supported the Raja to counter attack the feudal lordism (Madampism) of Ettuveetil Pillamar. This irked pillamar and made sevaral attempts on the king to assassinate him. Once the king escaped from the attack in Neyyattinkara due to a small boy, who told the raja to hide in the hollow of a jackfruit tree. After that incident, he realises that the small boy who tell him to hide is Lord Krishna. So the Raja constructed a Unnikannan temple near that Jackfruit Tree. People call that Jackfruit tree as Ammachi Plavu. Ettuveetil Pillamar also supported the Kunju Thampis (Rajah Rama Varma’s childrens), who is looking for an opportunity to kill the king and rebuild the Venad kingdom. Rajah Rama Varma had two sons namely, Padmanabhan and Raman Thampi and a daughter named Ummini Thankachi. They are together called as Kunju Thampis. However both Padmanabhan and Raman Thampi were killed by the Raja. Hearing this, Ummini Thankachi committed Suicide by cutting her own tongue. This incident marks a fear in the pillamars. They didn’t expect that the king will kill his own cousins. On an Arrat festival, king attacked all the pillamars and seized their homes. History says that eight of them were either killed or migrated from the place. This incident marks the end of Madampi rule (Feudalism) of Pillamer in the 18th century.

Career and story of the Battle of Colachel:

The successful career of Raja starts by defeating the local kingdoms of Attingal, Kollam, Kayamkulam, Kottarakara, Pandalam, Kottayam, Changanassery, Ambalapuzha, Meenachil, Karappuram, and Alangad and expanded the Travancore kingdom up to southern part of Cochin. Raja also defeated the battle against the Cochin kingdom and the Dutch East India Company with the help of British EastIndia Company; results in the complete vanish of dutch power in Malabar. This battle is known as the famous Battle of Colachel (1741). This is also the first battle which is considered as an asian power overcoming the European military technology and also marks the beginning of decline of dutch power in india . During this battle, Flemish admiral Eustachius De lannoy and Donadi were captured and treated then with kindness, since the king was attracted by them. Later the Raja appointed De lanny as Valiya Kapithan (Great Captain) of Travancore. They served the Travancore in their rest of the life. Following the expulsion of dutch, kayamkulam which continued seeking help from Dutch. Hearing this raja attacked the kayamkulam led by the Achuta Warrier in kollam, but defeated. Later with the help of cavalry brought from Tirunelveli, Raja defeated the Kayamkulam Kingdom. Ramayyan Dalawa is the dalawa(Prime Minister) of Travancore, who played an important role in emergence of Travancore kingdom.

Ramayyan Dalawa and the Demise of King:

The death of Ramayyan Dalawa deeply affected the king, since the Ramayyan Dalawa was not only a dalawa to raja but also great friend to him. The health of king starts deteriorating and later in 1758 he died after a successful military career. In the final days, Marthanda Varma Thampuran instructed his nephew concerning the maintenance, poojas and ceremonies of Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple.
5000 BC: The Kurgan culture in the steppes west of the Ural Mountains (Indo-Aryans).

3000 BC: The Proto-indo-european language develops in Central Asia.

2000 BC: The Kurgan culture spreads to eastern Europe and northern Iran.

1700 BC: Indo-Iranians separate from the other Indo-European tribes and migrate eastward to settle in Iran. Aryans brought these languages to India. Aryans were distinctive race or sub race of the larger Caucasian race.

1600 BC: Indo-Aryans invade India from the west and expel the Dravidians to South India.

Note:  Spanish, English, Hindi, Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, Punjabi, German, French, Marathi, and Urdu are the 11 popular languages developed from the Indo-Iranians.

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