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1. Vishu is celebrated in the malayalam month ‘Medam 1’. Vishu is an agricultural festival. It is believed that vishu celebration was started much earlier than Onam.

2. The official flower of Kerala, Kanikonna is also called in the name of Karnikaram.

3. ‘Vishumattam’ is the trade held in the Vishu day at Cheranalloor of Ernakulam district.

4. Vishu is celebrated in the first day of olden agricultural calendar of India.

5. Along with Vishu, other festivals held in other parts of India in the same day were Bihu, Vaishali, Ugadi etc.

6. Bihu is celebrated in Assam. Bihu Dance related with the Bihu festival is a famous one. Bihu is the festival related with New Year of Assam.

7. Ugadi is the new year day festival of people in the deccan region of South India.

8. Gudi Padwa is the new year festival day of Maharashtra.

9. Vaishali is the famous harvesting festival of Punjab. Vaishali festival marks the new year of Punjab.

10. Puthandu is the new year festival of Tamil Nadu.

11. ‘Aadi Perukku’ is the festival of Tamil Nadu, which was the welcoming of Rain Season.

12. Bandi is the festival of punjab during the months of October and November.

13. Baneshwar Mela is the tribal festival which is famous during the month of January in Rajasthan.

14. ‘Buddha Purnima’ is the celebration held in the full moon day of Vaishaka Month.

15. Chaliyo is the celebration of Sindhi sections in North India.

16. Deepavali is the celebration which marks the economic prosperity.

17. Dussehra is the celebration in memory of the killing of Ravanan by Lord Rama. Vijayadashami is the other name of Dussehra festival.

18. Navaratri festival is held related to Dussehra. During Navaratri festival in Gujarat, Garba Dance is held. Some puranas mentions about the killing of Mahishasura by Goddess Kali in the Dussehra Day.

19. Children would start the writing in their life in the day of Vijayadeshami.

20. Elephant fair is the festival held in Rajasthan every year related with Holi. Only the female elephants were present at the venue of Elephant fair.

21. ‘Guru Poornima’ is celebrated in the full moon day of Ashada month. Guru Poornima is also called as Vyasa Poornima.

22. Gangasagar Mela is held every year in the region where Ganga river falls in Sea.

23. Holi is one of the most oldest festival of India.

24. It was in the full moon day (January) of Phalguna month, Holi is celebrated. It is the festival of colors.

25. Hampi festival is held in Karnataka every year in November month. It is a dance music festival.

26. Janmashtami is the festival related with the birthday of Sree Krishna.

27. Navroz is the new year festival of Parsi.

28. Kumba Mela is the festival conducted in different places once in 12 years.

29. Kumba Mela is held in the places Allahabad, Nashik, Ujjain and Haridwar.

30. Kumba Mela is one of the biggest festival of India, which is participated by pilgrims around the world. It is believed that Kumba Mela is the most oldest Mela of World.

31. Ardh Kumbh Mela is held once in Six years.

32. Lohri is the festival held in North India at the beginning of Winter Season.

33. Pushkar Mela is the famous mela held every year in Rajasthan. It is also the largest domestic animal mela (in Pushkar) of world.

34. Pongal is celebrated in the places of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
Indian Paint Art:

1. ‘Rajput’ is the paint art that existed in the areas of Rajputana, Bundelkhand, Punjab and Himalayan regions .

2. The main subject of Thanjavoor Paint Art were Sri Rama Pattabhishekam and Sree Krishna Stories.

3. Mithila Painting method is the women dominated art.

4. Pahari Paint Art is the Painting method that existed in the Jammu, Kulu, Garhwal and Kangra.

5. It was through Rajasthan Paintings, the main subject of Radha – Krishna love can be seen.

6. Fresco Paint Art is the painting method which is drawn by natural made colors in mud soil surface.

7. Nandalal Bose is known as the ‘Father of Indian Paintings’. The tapasya of Uma, Pranamam, Spring, Sivaparvati, Gopini were his famous works.

8. The famous works drawn by Amrita Shergil were The Nudes, Conservation.

9. Raja Ravi Varma was born in Kilimanoor Palace in 1848 April 29. Died in 1906. His paintings got first prize in Vienna Art Exhibition held in 1873.

10. MF Hussain is called as ‘Indian Picasso’. He is also called as ‘Painter with naked foot’. His paint is ‘Gajagamini’.

11. KCS.Panicker is the art painter who established the ‘Chola Mandalam Art Village’ near Chennai in Tamil Nadu. ‘ Peace makers would be Blessers, Life of a Malabar Farmer, Lumbini, Mother and Baby, Fruit Seller, Dog, River’ were his notable works.

12. TK.Padmini is the famous malayalee women painter. ‘Growth, Dreamland, Dawn, Women’ were her paintings.

Western Art Paints and Stone Arts:

1. Baroque Art Paint style and Stone Art was started in Rome.

2. Cubism was formed in France. Picasso started this system.

3. It was in Germany in the 20th century, Expressionist style Painting method was started

4. The Futurism was originated in Italy.

5. Surrealism is the painting method started in France in 1924. Salvador Dali drawn in this method.

6. The Sunflower, The Starinite, The Night Café, The Confield, Pottato Eaters etc were famous paintings of Vincent Vangong. Van Gogh Museum is located at Amsterdam.

7. Goornika, The Old Guitarist, The Blue Room etc were Picasso’s Paintings.

8. Monalisa, Madonna of the Rocks, The Last Supper etc were the paintings drawn by Leonardo Da Vinchi. It was in the Paris in Louvre Museum, the Monalisa Painting is kept.

9. Rembrandt Dutch is a painter. He is called as the king of Light and Shadows. The famous paintings are Blinding of Samson, Rape of Ganymede and the Night Watch are the famous Paintings.

10. The Persistence of Memory, The Premonition of Civil War etc are the paintings drawn by the Salvador Dali, who was a  Surrealist painter from Spain.

11. The Paintings ‘The Scream’ is drawn by Munch.

12. The Spanish Painter Pablo Picasso’s  notable work is ‘Guernica’.
Indian Music:

1. Sama Veda is considered as the source of Indian Music.

2. Saptaswarams---- were Shadjam (Sa), Rishabam (Re), Gandharam (Ga), Madhyamam (Ma), Panjamam (Pa), Daivatam (Dha) and Nishadam (Ni)

3. Carnatic Music has 72 basic Ragas.

4. The basic ragas of Carnatic Music were called as Melakarta Ragas.

5. The author of modern carnatic music system based on basic ragas is Venkatamakhin.

6. The two basic sections of Indian music were Carnatic Music and Hindustani.

7. ‘Sangeetha Ratnakaram’ is the work of Sarangadeva.

8. The father of Carnatic Music is Purandara Dasa (1484 - 1564).

9. The basic raga of Carnatic Music studies is Mayamalavagowla.

10. The basic raga of music studies as Mayamalavagowla was introduced by Purandara Dasa.

11. The carnatic music raga which was sung in the morning were Bhoopalam, Malayamarutham, Malahari and Gowri.

12. The ragas – Bilahari, Saveri and Devamanohari were sung at the first yamam of the day.

13. The ragas which was sung in the second yamam of a day were Madhyamavathi, Sarangam and Sree.

14. The ragas sung in the evening were Hindolam, Kapi, Kanada.

15. The ragas sung in the interval between day and night (twilight) were Sankarabharanam, Kalyani and Nattukurinchi.

16. The ragas Panthuvarali, Neelambari and Anandabhairavi were sung in the night.

17. The Carnatic ragas which is believed to be sung at any time of a day were  Mohanam and Kamboji.

18. It was Tallapaka Annamacharya who started the keerthanam of Carnatic Music.

19. The trinity of Carnatic Music were Syama Sastrigal (1762 - 1827), Thyagarajan (1767 - 1847) and Muthuswamy Deekshitar (1776 - 1835).

20. It was Syama Sastrigal, who introduced the Sangeetamsham – Swarajathi in Carnatic Music.

21. The ragas – Malayamarutham, Mayooradwani and Nalinakanthi were introduced by Thyagarajan.

22. The introduction of Violin in Sangeetha Kacheri was by Muthuswamy Deekshitar.

23. The author of Pancharatna keerthanas is Thyagarajan.

24. The introducer of Hamsadhwani raga is Ramaswami Dikshitar.

25. Every year, Thyagaraja Sangeetholsavam was held in Thiruvaiyaru of Tamil Nadu.

26. Tanna Mishra who was pioneer is also known in the name, Tansen (Ram Thanu) in the music world.

27. Tansen was in the court of emperor ‘Akbar’.

28. The teacher of Tansen is Swami Haridas.

29. Tansen was named after it is given to him by Gwalior king, Vikram Jith.

30. The Hindustan ragas which is believed to be introduced by Tansen is Mian ki Jayodhi, Mian ki Sarang and Mian ki Malhar.

31. The music instruments generally used in both Carnatic Music and Hindustani Music was Tamburu.

Western Music:

1. October 1 is celebrating as World Music Day.

2. It was the ‘Yehudi Menuhin’ in 1975, started the World Music Day.

3. Beethoven is the musician, who composed Symphonies by overcoming his limitations of Deaf.

4. The Musician ‘Haydn’ is called as ‘the father of Symphonies’.

5. The only Opera of Beethoven is ‘Fidelio’.

6. Beatles is the world famous pop music troupe. It is vanished in 1971. John Lennon, Paul Mccartney, Ringo starr, George Harrison were in the Beatles team.

7. The singer who was considered as the king of Rock N’ Roll music is Elvis Presley.

8. ‘Moonwalk’ is the autobiography of Michael Jackson.

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