1.Magadha is the first Empire of Ancient India. The major portions of
Magadha belongs to current parts of Bihar State.
2.Mahapadmanandan is the first empire of Magadha Empire.
Mahapadmanandan’s administration was in BC 4th century.
3.Sree Buddha Mahaveeran were contemporary to Magadha king, Bimbisaran.
4.The major ruler of Magadha, Ajatasatru was the son of Bimbisara. It was
during the era of Ajatasatru, both Buddha and Mahavira retired their life.
5.It was in BC 326, Alexander emperor attacked India. Porus is the
Indian king who was defeated by Alexander,
6.Ajatasatru is the king who established Pataliputra city. Pataliputra
is the current Patna city.
7.Chandragupta Maurya is the establisher of Maurya Dynasty. Maurya
Empire is established in BC 321.
8.‘Chanakya’ is the minister of Chandragupta Maurya. The original name
of Chanakya is Vishnugupta, who was also called as Kautlya. It was Chanakya,
whose work is Arthashastra.
9.Megasthenis is the greek political thinker who visited Chandragupta
Maurya’s Palace. The work of Megasthenis is ‘Indica’.
10.Bindusara is the next king after chhandragupta maurya. Emperor Asoka
was the son of Bindusara.
11.The empire of Asoka is the biggest till now in India. It is believed
that the period of Asoka’s admiistration was fom BC 273 to 232.
12.Asoka attacked Kalinga country in BC 261. Asoka was the first ruler
who made Buddhism as official religion of country. He is also called in the
name ‘Devanam Priyadarshi’.
13.Kanishka is the main king of Kushana Dynasty. The king kanishka is
also called as ‘Second Asoka’.
14.It is believed that Kanishka’s administration was from AD 78 to 120.
Saka Year calender war started in AD 78 by Kanishka. Saka year is the national
calender of India.
15.The era of gupta king is the golden period of India. It was sree
gupta, who established Gupta Empire.
16.Chandragupta I is the first main king of Gupta Dynasty. It was
Chandragupta I, who started Gupta year in AD 320.
17.Samudragupta is the most famed king of Gupta Dynasty. Harisena is the
famous minister in the court of Samudragupta, who was named as Indian Napolean.
18.Chandragupta II was the Gupta king who accepted the position name
‘Vikramaditya’. It was in the court of Vikramaditya;s palace, the so called
‘Nine Gems’ is popular. The hero of Vikramaditya – Vetala stories was
Vikramaditya Chandragupta II.
19.Harshavardhana is the last hindu emperor of North India. The
administration period of Harshavardhana was from AD 606 to 647. Harshavardhana
was the king of Pushyabhooti Dynasty.
20.Krishnadevaraya is the expert, who was the empire of Vijayanagara. His
administration was from 1509 to 1529.
21.‘Slave Dynasty’ is the first muslim dynasty of India. The Slave
Dynasty was established by Qutbudin Ibk in AD 1206.
22.Rassia Sulthana (1236 - 1240) is the only women who ruled the throne
23.‘Muhammad Bin Tuglaq’ is the ruler who is called as ‘cleverest fool’.
24.Mughal Dynasty was established by Babur in 1526. Akbar is the famous
ruler of Mughal Dynasty.
25.Bahdur Shah II is the last Mughal King.
1.The year in which Alexander attacked India is BC 326.
2.It was between the forces of Alexander and Porus, who fought in the
Hidaspus war in BC 326.
3.Hidespus war is occurred in the Jhelum riverside.
4.It was the Arab leader, Muhammed Bin Kasim who attacked India in AD
5.The year in which Asoka Empire made Kalinga war is BC 261.
6.First Tarrain War is held in AD 1191.
7.The first Tarrain war was between the forces of Pritvi Raj Chauhan and
8.The war that lead to the Muslim rule in India is Second Tarrain War.
9.The second Tarrain war in which Muhammad Gori defeated Pritviraj
Chauhan was in 1192.
10.Tarrain, which is the venue where Tarrain wars are held is now in
11.Muhammad Gori defeated the Rajaputra ruler “Jayachandran” in chandawar
war in 1194.
12.The war in which Mughal Empire made a foundation in India is First
Panipat war of 1526.
13.The forces of Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi fought each other in First
Panipat war in 1526.
14.It was in the Khanua war of 1527, Babur defeated the Rajputs and
15.It was in the Gogra War of 1529, Babur defeated the Afgans of Bengal
16.It was in the Chausa war of 1539, Sheshasuri defeated the Mughal king,
17.It was in the Kanauj war occurred in 1540 (Bilgram War), Shershah
defeated Humyun for second time.
18.The war that became a reason for re-establishing the Mughal rule in
India is Second Panipat war of 1556.
19.The army leader, who led the Afgan army against Akbar in second
Panipat war is Hemu.
20.It was in the war of Haldighat war of 1576, the army of Akbar defeated
the Rajputs of Mewar.
21.The leader of Mughal army who defeated Rana Pratap of Mewar in
Haldighat war is Raja Maansingh of Amber.
22.The historical importance of Talikota War (Banihatti War) in 1565 is
end of Vijayanagara Empire.
23.The bhamini countries who fought against the joined army of Talikota
war is Birar, Bidar, Ahmednagar, Bijapur and Golkonda.
24.The ruler of Vijayanagarabin Talikota war is Ramarayar.
25.The leader of allied army of bhamini countries in Talikota war is
Golkonda Sulthan, Ibrahim Qutab.
26.The Persian ruler who exported (smuggled) the Mayura Throne and
Kohinoor Gems from India to Persia is Nadir Shah.
27.It was in the Carnal War, occurred in 1739, both the army of Nadir
Shah and Mughal force fought.
28.The war that made foundation for British rule in India is Plassey War
29.Plassey War was between British force of Robert Clive and force of
Bengal Nawab Siraj Ud-Dhaula.
30.The war that disintegrated the Marata Empire is Third Panipat war of
31.The Maratas were defeated in the Third Panipat war against the Afgan
force of Ahmed Shah Abdali.
32.The war that made British’s supremacy in India is Buxar war of 1764.
33.The carnatic war was between the English and French.
34.The carnatic war was occurred in the years “1746 - 1748”, “1749 -
1754”, ”1758 - 1763”.
35.Tipu Sulthan was murdered in the Sreerangapattanam war of 1799 May 4
(Fourth Anglo Mysore War).
36.The war that ended according to Aix-La-Chapelle Treaty in 1748 is
First Carnatic War.
37.The war that ended through Pondicherry Treaty is Second Carnatic War.
38.Third Carnatic war ended with Paris Treaty.
39.The Third Anglo-Mysore war ended in Sreerangapattanam Treaty (1792).
1.Alexander Cunningham is considered as the father of Indian Archeology
2.Indus valley culture got its name afterbthe mention of Sir John
3.Archaeological Survey of India was established in 1904.
4.Indian Archaeological Research Department was started by Lord Curzon.
5.The indus valley region, which is believed to be devastated in the
flood is Mohenjadaro.
6.The indus valley region, which became famous due to its paths made
from bricks, two floor construction built from bricks and clear sewage system
7.It was in the state of Gujarat, most of the Indus Valley centers of
india were seen.
8.Pashupati is the man god devoted by Indus Civilians.
9.Mother Goddess is the women goddess devoted by Indus civilians.
10.Ox (Bull) is the animal devoted by Indus People.
11.The animal which is unknown to Indus people is horse.
12.Iron is the metal unknown to Indus People.
13.16 is the number mostly used by Indus People.
14.Copper was first used by the inhabitors of Indus Valley in the world.
15.Aryans first inhabitated in punjab of India.
16.Fire is the first god mentioned in Rig Veda.
17.The biggest Buddhist sculpt of world is Lasa of Tibet.
18.Tawang Buddha Sculpt is located in Arunachal Pradesh.
19.The most followers of Buddha religion were in China.
20.‘Bamiyan’ which is famous for Buddha sculptures were in Afganistan.
21.The King of Gouda, who cut the Bodhi tree of Bodhgaya is Shashankan.
22.Jataka Stories mentions the history and life of Buddha.
23.There are 500 stories in Jataka Tales.
24.The cave paintings of Ajanta – Ellora reflects the life history of
Buddha (Jataka Tales).
25.The Ajanta – Ellora cave temples is famous for cave paintings, which
is located in Aurangabad (Maharashtra).
26.Bimbisaran is the Magada king during Buddha’s period.
27.Ajatasatru is the Magada king when Buddha lost his life.
28. Ardha Magadi is the language
spoken by Buddha to Common People.
29.Anandan is the favourite student of Buddha.
30.Jamali is the favorite student of of Vardhamana Mahavira.
31.Alexander attacked India in BC 326.
32.Syrus II of Persia is the first foreign fighte to attack India.
33.It was Alexander and Porus in BC 326 fought in Hidespes War.
34.Aristotle is the teacher of Alexander.
35.Busafalus is the famous horse of Alexander.
36.Alexander is the king of Macedonia.
37.Alexander died in Babylonia in BC 323.
38.Alexander’s age is 33, when passed away.
39.‘I am going to die with the aid of most doctors’, is the last words of
40.The famous Royal dynasty who ruled Magadha during Alexander’s indian
attack is Nanda Raja Dynasty.
41.The famous Royal dynasty who rued Magadha before Maurya Dynasty is
42.The founder of Nandaraja Dynasty
is Mahapadma Nandan.
43.The Nanda King who ruled Magadha during the Alexander’s attack of
india is Dananandan.
44.Chandragupta Maurya defeated the Nanda king , Dananandan and
established the Maurya Dynasty.
45. Silver coins were released in
large quantity for the first time in India, during the rule of Chandra Gupta
46.The ruler who started the system of Kaneshumari in Ancient India is
Chandra Gupta Maurya.
47.It was Bindusara, who came to power after Chandra Gupta Maurya.
48.The most famous Maurya King who was the son of Bindusara is Asoka.
49.The widespread of Buddha religion in India is happened during Asoka’s
50.The son’s of Asoka , who spread Buddha religion in Cylon is Somgamitra
51.The national emblem of India ‘Symbol Lion’ is accepted from the Asoka
sculpt founded by Asoka in Sarnath (UP).
52.The last Maurya king is Brihadradan.
53.The founder of Sunga Dynasty , who defeated the last Maurya king,
Brihadradan is Pushiamitra Sungam.
54.The king who ruled North India with it’s capital outside India is
55.It was during the period of Kanishka, the Ayurveda experts Charakan
and Susrutan is lived.
56.Aswakoshan, Nagarjunan and Vasumitran were the famous Experts who
ornamentated the Kanishka’s court.
57.The Kushana King who motivated the most of Gandhara art form (Indo
Greek Art form) is Kanishka.
58.Ashwakoshan is the writer of script “Buddhacharitam”.
59.The writer of “Mahavibhasha”, which is called as Encyclopedia of Buddha
religion is asumitran.
60.The king who fixed the image of Sree Buddha for first time in coins is
61.The official language of Gupta Empire is Garuda.
62.Prayag is the capital of Gupta Empire.
63.The Gupta King who ruled Empire with Ujjain as capital is Chandragupta
64.Kalidasa wrote the great poems, Raghuvamsa and Kumarasambhavam.
65.Skandagupta is the last Gupta King.
66.It was during Gupta Period, the work and construction of cave paintings
like Ajanta and Ellora were done.
67.The completion of works including Epics and Vedas in current form is
happened in Gupta Period.
68.The reason for destruction of Gupta Empire is the attack of Hunans.
69.The Ayurveda experts lived in Gupta Period is Vagbadan and Dhanvantri.
70.The writer of Natya Shastra is Bharata Muni.
71.Buddha is Enligntened in Gaya of Bihar.
72.The Kurushetra in which Mahabharatha war is occurred was in Haryana.
73.The royal dynasty who released Gold coins in India for first time is