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Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja Travancore History

Posted by Arun Mohan ~ on ~ 0 comments

Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma is the final king of Travancore. His name is so,since he was born in the Chithira star of Malayalam Month and he is also the eldest son of Sethu Parvathi Bayi, who is the junior Rani of Attingal. He succeeded to the throne of Travancore under the rule of Marumakkathayam Law of Inheritance under the regin of his maternal aunt, Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, who ruled the Travancore from 1924 to 1931. He is popular for his Temple Entry Proclamation. The only defect in his ruling period is the Punnapra Vayalar Uprising, of which thousands of people were killed related to this incident.

He took the rule from Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, (mother’s cousin) in 6th November 1931. Some of the credits under his rule include the establishment of University of Travancore in 1937, which was later changed to University of Kerala in 1956 and also a Palace is built, which is now the famous Napier Museum. The popular personality, Sir CP.Ramaswami Aiyar is served under his rule for several years as chief minister of Travancore. After the Indian Independence in 1947, the Travancore is united with the Cochin State, under his rule. But it was in 1st November 1956, after the unification of Malayalam speaking areas the king lost the power to democratic India.

The Government of India issued a Stamp of Maharaja inorder to pay respect to him for his contributions to Travancore City.

His name was given to a popular Engineering college in Trivandrum, Sree Chithira Thirunal Engineering College and to the Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute of Medical Sciences and Technology.

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