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Travancore Kingdom and Rulers

Posted by Arun Mohan ~ on ~ 0 comments

On the demise of Rajah Rama Varma, Marthanda Varma Maharaja (1729-1758) becomes the king under the rule of Marumakkathayam law of Inheritance. He formed the Travancore and was the first king in the modern Travancore. He is considered as the father of Modern Travancore. The people of thiruvananthapuram supported him to counter attack the Ettuveetil Pillamar. It was during his period; he built the Padmanabha Swamy Temple and later shifted the capital from Padmanabhapuram (Thuckalay) to Thiruvananthapuram in 1795 during the period of Dharma Raja. The English East india company strengthen their base in Trivandrum by signing a treaty in 1791 with the Travancore king to protect Travancore from Mysore. According to that treaty, they are allowed to install their troops and make residence for them in Trivandrum. In 1799, Velu thampi (Dalawa of Travancore) led a local people march towards thiruvananthapuram against the corruption of King’s ministers. However the art and cultural progression in Travancore emerged from the period of Swathi Thirunal (1829-1846). It was during his period, the English education started by opening an English School in the city. Later during the Uthram Thirunal reign (1846-1860), he appointed a priest, Rev.Mead from LMS (London Missionary Service) for the development of Education and other services. Further developments such as Arts College, large Hospitals, Trivandrum University College, Kerala Government Secratariat and other historical important places are established during the Ayilyam Thirunal reign (1860-1880) and the Sanskrit College, Ayurvedha College,Womens College and the Law College were established during the Moolam Thirunal reign (1885-1924).  A Legislative Assembly Council (historical importance) started in 1888 by the SrI Moolam Thirunal and later in 1904, Sree Moolam Assembly came into existence. The reign of Sri Chitra Thirunal (1931-1947) marks several progresses in Travancore such as the declaration of Temple Entry Proclamation Act (1936), establishment of University for Travancore in 1937(later changed to Kerala University following the formation of Kerala State in 1956). The Travancore Kingdom rule ended in 1947 following the Indian Independence.


Travancore  Kingdom
Capital
(AD 1729-AD 1795)
Thiruvananthapuram
(AD 1795-AD 1947)
Language
Malayalam, Tamil, English
Religion
Hindu, Christian, Muslim and Others
Government
Absolute Monarchy
(1729 to 1857)
Princely State
(1858 to 1947)
Established
AD 1729 (18th Century)
End
AD 1947 (20th Century)


Period
Ruler
1729- 1758
1758-1798
1798-1810
1810-1815
1815-1829
1829-1846
1846-1860
1860-1880
1880-1885
1885-1924
1924-1931
1931-1947


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