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PSC Class 52: Education Sector in India

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Education Sector in India: 

1. Nalanda is the university in Ancient times. It was destroyed by a Turkish Muslim army under Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193. The remnants of Nalanda can be found in Patna of Bihar. Also the remnants of other major university called Thakshashila is found in Pakistan.

2. Wood Despatch of 1854 also called as Magna Charta of Indian education is the British educational policy.

3. English became the official language in India in 1835 under the William Bentinck who was the then Governor General of India.

4. The National Education Policy was introduced in 1986.

5. University Grants Commision (UGC) came into existence in 1953, December 28th.

6. Mahatma Gandhi started the Educational Trust called Nai Talim Samiti.

7. In order to improve the quality of Primary Education, Operation Black board is established in 1987 - 1988.

8. The first medical college of india was started at kolkata in the name of Calcutta Medical College in 1835.

9. The first women's college was started at Kolkata in the name of  Bethune College in India. It was founded as a school in 1849. Later developed into a college in 1879.

10. According to the constitution reformation of 86 (section 21A) passed in 2002, the children of age between six and forteen will get free education.

11. World Literacy Day is celebrated at September 8th.

12. World Books Day - April 23.

13. National Hindi Day - September 14th.

14. World Mother Language Day - February 21st.

15. Readers Day - June 19.

16. The Open University of India is Andhra Pradesh Open University.

17. The First Correspondence course was started by Delhi University.

18. The first Women's University is Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University in Pune.

19. Govind Ballabh Pant University in Uttar Pradesh is the first Agricultural University.

20. Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University is the country's first exclusive university for physically and mentally disabled students.

21. The IGNOU (Indhira Gandhi National Open University) was established in the year, 1985.

22. The University which had a Radio Station is Vallabhbhai Patel University of Gujarat.

23. "The University for Peace" of United Nations is located at San Jose, Costa Rica of South America.

24. The University of United Nations is located at Tokyo of Japan.

25. According to the 42th Constitution Reformation, Education is put under Concurrent list.

26. Bharat Shiksha Kosh started in 2003, January 9 is mainly for the purpose of collecting fund from NRI's inorder to make various projects of Education Sector.

27. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiman project is started in 2001.

28. Mid Day Meal Scheme is started in 1995, August 15 for students in Schools.

29. DPEP (District Primary Education Programme) was started in 1994.

30. The full form of DIET is District Institution of Educational Training.

31. Janashala programme (UNDP) was started in 1998 as a 5-year project funded by both Central Government and the 5 agencies of the United Nations inorder to promote Education.

32. Jawaharlal Nehru introduced the National Balabhavan in 1956. It aims to the progression of education of students with the age betwween 5 and 16.

33. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) were established for promoting the Education of students from SC, ST, OBC and other lower classes.

34. Renaissance Schools are started at 1985 -86. It was in 1962, the central government of india give the permission to built kendriya vidyalayas for the children of Goverment Serviced People and also for Military students.

35. The education channel, Gyan Darshan was started by IGNOU.

36. In ancient Greece, Plato started the study school called Academy (Lyceum).Aristotle also started a school.

37. A german born, Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel started the Education Project called "Kindergarden".

38. An Italian born, Dr Maria Montessori started an education project called "Montessori".

39. Shantiniketan was started by Rabindranath Tagore in 1901. In 1921, it becomes Vishwabharathy. The slogan of Vishwabharathy called Yatra visvam bhavtyekanidam and it is printed in the door of Vishwabharathy University. In English the slogan is called as " where the world makes a home in a single nest".

40. The first university of India came into existence in 1857, January in Kolkata.

41. The first Homeopathic College is established in 1880 and the first science college was established in 1917 under Kolkata University.

42. The Kadambini Ganguly is the first to get a degree from a university of india in 1883. She got degree from Kolkata University.

43. The first chairman of University Grantz commision (UGC) is Dr Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar.

44. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) was founded upon advice from NR Government Committee.

45. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad coined the term IIT. The first IIT was established in 1950 in Kharagpur of West Bengal.

46. It was in Ahmedabad and Kolkata, the IIMs was first established. It was in 1961, that these IIMs founded. In Kerala, IIM is located at Calicut.

47. The Holy Angels located in Thiruvananthapuram is the first girls school of South Asia.

48. The first Medical College of Kerala was established in Thiruvananthapuram.

49. Akshaya is the IT Literacy project of Kerala.

50. EDUSAT is the complete education satellite of the world. It was launched in November 20, 2004.

51. It was launched from Sriharikota of Andhra. It is also known as "The satellite of Knowledge".

52. Victers Programme is the program conducted through EDUSAT. It was inaugurated by APG Abdhul Kalam Azad in 2006 July 24. (Virtual Classroom Technology on Edusat for Rural Schools - VICTERS)


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