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Kerala Cinema History

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Kerala Cinema History: First Malayalam Cinema – Vigathakumaran (released in 1928, directed by JC Daniel). Balan is the first Malayalam film directed by S. Nottani in 1938. The second movie of Malayalam is Marthanda Varma released in 1933. The Kandam Becha Kottu is the first colour film in Malayalam. TR Sundaram. Jnanambika is the second sound movie of Malayalam. JC Daniel is called as the father of Malayalam Cinema. The first Malayalam film that got National Award is Neelakuyil. It got Silver Medal from the Indian President. Neelakuyil was directed by Ramu Kariat and P Bhaskaran. The first Malayalam film to get Gold Medal from President is Chemeen. Chemeen was directed by Ramu Kariat and it released in 1965. The first malayalee to win national award for best screenplay writer is SL Puram Sadhanandhan for the movie Agniputri. Sarada in 1968 for the movie, Thulabharam got a national award for best actress. She was also the first women to get a national ward from Kerala. It was in 1969; the kerala film award is established. Kumarasambhavam in 1969 directed by P Subramaniam got the best state film award. Kerala State film Development Corporation (KSFDC) is formed in 1925. The first cinemascope film of kerala is Thacholi Ambu in 1978. The first 70 mm film of Malayalam is Padayottom released in 1982. Prem Nazir (Abdul Khader) is the Malayalam actor who acted in most no: of films. Sukumari is the Malayalam actress who acted in most Malayalam films. Monisha Unni for the film Nakhashatangal got best actress award. She is the youngest actor to get that award in India. Malabar Riots is the base of the movie “1921”.

Mathilukal, directed by Adoor Gopalakrishnan in 1989 is the film which has no female roles. Prem Nazir is the actor who acted in a record number of films and thereby included in the Guinness World Records. Vaikom Muhammad Basheer has written the story of Mathilukal. The renowned poet G. Sankara Kurup had written the lyrics for songs in the movie, Nirmala. PC Kuttikrishnan, popularly called as Uroob is famous in writting short stories. MG Sreekumar is the writer of Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha. P Kunhananandan Nair better known in the name of Thikodiyan wrote the story of Uttarayanam. Madhavikutti is the screenplay writer of the movie “Rukmani”. The first dolby stereo film of Malayalam is Kalapani. The first box-office hit of Malayalam film is Jeevitha Nouka. Vayalar Ramavarma acted in the movie “Chettathi”. KS Chitra is fondly called as the Nightingale of South India. The cinematography of Chemeen is done by Marcus Bartley.


Kalpadukal is the movie in which Yesudas first sang a song. Agraharathil Kazhutai is the first tamil film directed by John Abraham. G Aravindan is the director of movie “Vasthuhara”. DN Menon is the director of movie “Olavum Theeravum”. The first independent film studio of Kerala is Udhaya in Alappuzha. Felix JH Beyas of Germany is the director of movie “Vellinakshatram” in 1949. Piravi is the Malayalam film which got most of the National Awards in 1988. It was directed by Shaji N Karun. PJ Antony is the first Malayalam actor to get national award for best actor in the movie, Nirmalyam in 1973. Balan K Nair got the national award for best actor in the movie Oppol (Elder Sister released in 1980). Adoor Gopalakrishnan got national award for five times. Chitchor is the Hindi film where yeshudas got national award for singer in 1976. The first Malayalam film where yeshudas got the first national award for singer is “Achanum Bappayum” in 1972. Chitralekha Film Society is the first film society of Kerala. The 3-D film from India is My Dear Kuttichathan (1984).


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