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PSC Class 42: Water Irrigation Projects in India

Posted by Arun Mohan ~ on ~ 0 comments

Water Irrigation Projects in India: 

1. The Grant Dam built by Karikala Cholan in AD 46 in Thanjavur is located on the banks of River, Kaveri. It is mainly built for the purpose of getting watter for the Rice cultivation near Thiruchirapally.

2. The Farakka Dam is built across river Ganga in West Bengal.

3. Most of the people gets water through wells. The Farakka project was established for the purpose of protecting Kolkata Seaport and also for the development of Navel transport through Hooghly River.

4. The lengthiest dam of India, Hirakud is built across the river Mahanadhi in Orissa.

5. The Ranjit Sagar Dam also called as Thein Dam is built across the Ravi River in the state of Punjab. The people of Haryana, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir gets water from this Ravi River.

6. Damodar River Valley Project was launched from the inspiration of Tennessee Valley Authority of USA. Damodar River Valley Project are introduced in both West Bengal and Bihar.

7. Indhira Gandhi Canal is built in North Western part of Rajasthan for the purpose of irrigation. It is also the lengthiest canal of india. It was from the Sutlej River, Indira Gandhi Canal gets water for irrigation.

8. Dul Hasti Hydel Power Project is located at the Chenab River of Jammu and Kashmir.

9. Kakrapar Dam is built across Tapti River of Gujarat.

10. Tehri Dam is built across the Bhagirathi River of Uttar Pradesh.

11. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is located on the banks of Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh.

12. Uri hydel power project is built across Jhelum River in Jammu & Kashmir.

13. Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam built on the Narmada River.

14. Baglihar Hydroelectric Power Project is a power project on the Chenab River of Kashmir.

Plateau (Ranges): 

1. Malwa Plateau formed from volcanic origin and Vindhya Plateau formed from granite stones and both are located in Central India which geographically divides India into northern and southern parts.

2. Bagelkhand is located south to Vindhya Plateaus.

3. The Chota Nagpur Plateau formed from the adjacent parts of Ranchi, Hazaribagh and Koderma.

4. Deccan Plateau is the widest Plateau in India.

5. Deccan traps are formed by the fall of basic lava from the earth's crust.

Bhakra Nangal Dam: Bhakra Dam and Nangal dam is combined to form Bhakra Nangal Dam. Bhakra Nangal is one of the highest dam in India and is located in the Sutlej River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh.The water storage in Bhakra Nangal Dam is called as Govind Sagar. Bhakra Nangal Dam benefits for irrigation for the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Delhi.


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