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Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are the trinity of gods in Hinduism. Brahma is considered as creator, Vishnu as protector and Shiva as destructor. They are considered to be born as Swayambhu, which means "self-manifested".

1. Lord Shiva Lineage:

Lord Shiva – Wife – Goddess Parvati.

Sons - Ganapathi, Kartikeya, Ayyappa (from Mohini).

Daughter - Ashokasundari

Incarnations of the Lord Shiva are Bhairava, Nataraja, Pashupati, Rudra, Ardhanari.

Incarnations of the Goddess Parvati are Durga and Kali.

2. Lord Vishnu Lineage:

Lord Vishnu – Wives – Goddess Lakshmi, Bhumi.

Dashavatara by Lord Vishnu: Dashavatara refers to the ten avatars of Vishnu, the Hindu God of universal preservation. Matsya (Fish), Kurma (Tortoise), Varaha (Boar), Narasimha (Man-Lion), Vamana (Dwarf), Parashurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha and Kalki

Other incarnations of the Lord Vishnu are Adi Purusha, Eternal Youths, Narada, Nara-Narayana, Kapila, Dattatraya, Yagya, Rishabh, Prithu, Dhanvantari, Mohini, Hayagreeva, Veda Vyasa, Balarama.

Incarnations of the Goddess Lakshmi are Sita, Rukmini, Radha and Padmavati.

3. Lord Brahma Lineage:

Lord Brahma – Wife – Goddess Saraswati

Lord Brahma (First Manu) - Four Manasaputras (Kumaras) - Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana and Sanat Kumara. They devoted themselves to God and celibacy (Brahmacharya).

Lord Brahma - Six Manasaputras - Marichi (Second Manu), Atri, Angiras, Pulastya, Pulaha and Kratu

Lord Brahma - born from right thumb - Daksha Prajapati

Lord Brahma - born from left thumb - Bhu Devi

Lord Brahma - born from right breast – Dharma

Lord Brahma - born from heart – Maharishi Bhrigu

Lord Brahma - Manasaputra – Sthana

Lord Brahma - Manasaputra – Vashistha

Lord Brahma - Manasaputra – Pulastya

Lord Brahma - another two sons, Dhatri and Vidhatri – daughter, Lakshmi – sons, sky-ranging horses.

Marichi - One son - Kashyapa (Third Manu)

Angiras & Surupa – 3 sons - Utathya, Samvarta and Brihaspati, Yogasiddhi is daughter.

Atri – Sages as children.

Pulastya – Rakshasas, Monkeys, Kinnaras (half-men and half-horses), and Yakshas.

Pulaha - Salabhas (the winged insects), the lions, the Kimpurushas (half-lions and half-men), the tigers, bears, and wolves.

Kratu - Valikhilyas.

Sthana – 11 sons (Rudras) - Mrigavayadha, Sarpa, Niriti, Ajaikapat, Ahivradhna, Pinaki, Vamadeva, Dahaneswara, Kapali, Sthanu, Bharga.

Sage Kardama (Prajapati) and Devahuti - 9 children- Anasuya, Arundhati, Kapila and so on

Prajapati Lineage:

First Manu – Son - Prajapati

Prajapati: 7 wives - Dhruma, BrahmaVidya, Manasvini, Rata, Swasa, Shandili, Prabhata. And the sons of Prajapati were eight and were called Vasus. They were Dhara (Earth), Dhruva (Star), Soma (Moon), Aha (Atmosphere), Anila (Wind), Anala (Fire), Pratyusha (Sun), and Prabhasa (Sky).

Prajapati & Dhumra – Dhara - Dravina and Huta-Havya-Vaha

Prajapati & BrahmaVidya - Dhruva – Kala

Prajapati & Manasvini – Soma – Varchas - Sisira, Prana, Ramana and daughter named Prudha from Manohara. Prudha had 10 sons who were gandharva Kings

Prajapati & Rata – Aha - Jyotih, Sama, Santa, and Muni.

Prajapati & Swasa – Anila (wife Siva) - Manojava and Avijnataagati

Prajapati & Sandilya – Hutasana (Anala) - Kumara (Kartikeya), Sakha, Visakha, Naigameya.

Prajapati & Prabhata – Pratyusha and Prabhasa

Pratyusha - son - Devala

Prabhasa & Yogasiddhi - son - Lord Vishwakarma (Tvastr as per Rig Veda)

Lord Vishwakarma - 1 daughter and 5 sons - Saranya is daughter. Manu (Blacksmith), Maya (Carpenter), Thwastha (Metal Craftsman), Shilpi (Stone Carver), Vishvajnya (Goldsmith)

Dharma Lineage:

Dharma: three sons - Sama, Kama and Harsha (Peace, Desire and Joy).

Sama – wife – Prapti

Kama – wife – Rati

Harsha – wife – Nanda

Maharishi Bhrigu Lineage:

Maharishi Bhrigu – 2 sons – Kavi, Chyavana

Kavi - 1 son - Shukra

Shukra - 4 sons, 2 daughter - Chanda, Amarka, Twaashtra and Dharaatra are sons, Divi & Devayani are daughters.

Chyavana & Arushi (daughter of Manu) – Aurva – 100 sons, one is Ruchika.

Ruchika & Satyavati – 1 son – Jamadagni

Satyavati's mother son (bless from Ruchika) - 1 son - Kaushika (later Vishvamitra)

Jamadagni & Renuka –  Vasu, Viswa Vasu, Brihudyanu, Brutwakanwa and Parasurama.

Maharishi Vashistha Lineage:

Vashistha & Arundhati - son - Shakti Muni

Shakti Muni - son - Parashara

Parashara & Satyavati - son -Veda Vyasa

Veda Vyasa & Pinjala (Vatika) - son - Suka

Daksha Prajapati Lineage:

Daksha Prajapati & Bhu Devi - 1000 sons (not married) and 50 daughters (married)
50 daughters - 10 married Dharma, 27 (Nakshatras) married Chandra and 13 married Kashyapa.

Dharma wives: Kirti, Lakshmi, Dhriti, Medha, Pushti, Sraddha, Kria, Buddhi, Lajja, and Mali.

Chandra wives: Ashwini, Bharani, Kruttika, Rohini, Mriga, Aardra, Punarvasu, Pushya, Aashlesha, Magha, Poorva Falguni, Uttara Falguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swaati, Vishaakha, Anuradha, Jyeshtham, Mool, Poorvaashaadha, Uttaraashaadha, Shravan, Dhanishtha, Shatataaraka, Poorva Bhaadrapada, Uttara Bhaadrapada and Revati.

Kashyapa wives: Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kala, Danayu, Sinhika, Krodha, Pradha, Viswa, Vinata, Kapila, Muni, and Kadru.

Kashyapa Lineage:

Kashyapa & Aditi - 12 sons (Adityas) – Dhatri, Mitra, Aryaman, Sakra, Varuna, Ansa, Vaga, Vivasvan (Fourth Manu), Usha, Savitri, Tvastri and Vishnu. Indra, Vamana were born to Kashyapa & Aditi.

Kashyapa & Diti - 1 son - Hiranyakasipu (Daityas – descendents of Diti)

Kashyapa & Danu – 40 sons (Danavas) - Viprachitti, Namuchi, Pauloman, Asiloman, Kesi, Durjaya, Ayahsiras, Aswasiras, Aswasanku, Gaganamardhan, Vegavat, Swarbhanu, Aswa, Aswapati, Vrishaparvan, Ajaka; Aswagriva, Sukshama, Tuhunda, Ekapada, Ekachakra, Virupaksha, Mahodara, Nichandra, Nikumbha, Kupata, Kapata; Sarabha, Sulabha, Surya, Chandramas, Ekaksha, Amritapa, Pralamva, Naraka, Vatrapi, Satrutapana, Satha, Gavishtha, Vanayu, and Dirghajiva.

Kashyapa & Kala - 8 sons (Kaleyas) – Vinasana, Krodha, Krodhahantri, Krodhasatru

Kashyapa & Danayu - 4 sons - Vikshara, Vala, Vira, and Vritra (bulls among the Asuras)

Kashyapa & Sinhika - 4 sons – Rahu, Suchandra, Chandrahantri, and Chandrapramardana.

Kashyapa & Krodha – 1 son – Krodhavasaganamu

Kashyapa & Pradha – 14 sons - Gandharvas - Siddha, Purna, Varhin, Purnayus, Brahmacharin, Ratiguna, Suparna, Viswavasu, Bhanu, Suchandra. Ativahu, Haha, Huhu and Tumvuru were later born as sons.

22 daughters - Anavadya Manu, Manuvu, Vansa, Asura, Marganapria, Anupa, Subhaga, Vasi as daughters. 14 apsaras were born and they are Alamvusha, Misrakesi, Vidyutparna, Tilottama, Aruna, Rakshita, Rambha, Manorama, Kesini, Suvahu, Surata, Suraja, and Supria.

Kashyapa & Vinata - 2 sons - Aruna and Garuda

Kashyapa & Kapila - Cows, Amrutham, Brahmins, Gritachi, Menaka

Kashyapa & Muni - 16 sons (Gandharvas)  - Bhimasena, Ugrasena, Varuna, Gopati, Dhritarashtra, Suryavarchas, Satyavachas, Arkaparna, Prayuta, Visrutha, Bhima, Chitraratha, Salisira, Parjanya, Kali and Narada.

Kashyapa & Kadru – 1000 Serpents - Sheshanaga, Vasuki, Elapatra, Manasa, Kumara, Kulika etc.

Kashyapa’s Sons Lineage:

Gods Lineage:

Vivasvan & Saranya - 3 Sons & 1 daughter - Vaivasvata Manu, twins Yama and his sister Yami, Shani, Tapti.

Savitri & Vadava (Tvashtri took the form of a female horse) – Aswins, the twins.

Demons Lineage:

The descendents of Diti (Daityas), Danu (Danavas), Kala (Kaleyas), Danayu, Sinhika and Krodha are Demons.

Hiranyakasipu  – Prahlada, Sahradha, Anuhrada, Sivi and Vashkala.

Prahlada - Virochana, Kumbha, and Nikumbha

Virochana – Mahabali

Mahabali – Banan (Mahakala)

Varuna & Jyeshta (Divi) - a son Vala, and a daughter Sura (wine).

Sura - a son Adharma (Sin)

Adharma (wife Niriti) - 4 sons – Nairitas, Bhaya (fear), Mahabhaya (terror), and Mrityu (Death)

Other Species Lineage:

Garuda - six sons - Sumukha, Suvarna, Subala, Sunaama, Sunethra and Suvarchas (Birds)

Aruna & Syeni - Sampati and Jatayu, Hawks and Vultures (Birds).

Tamra - 6 daughters – Kaki, Kauchi, Syeni , Bhasi , Dhritarashtri, and Shuki.

Kaki – Crow

Kauchi - Owls

Bhasi - Hen, Cocks

Dhritarashtri - Ducks, Swans and Chakravakam (ruddy goose or Brahmany duck).

Suki - Chilaka (Birds)

Krodha - 9 daughters - Mrigi, Mrigamanda, Hari, Bhadramana, Matangi, Sarduli, Sweta, Surabhi, and Surasa.

Mrugi – all animals of the deer species

Mrugamanda - all animals of the bear species, wild boars and those called Srimara (sweet-footed).

Hari – Monkeys, the cow-tailed animals.

Bhadramana – Airavata – celestial elephants

Matangi – Elephants

Sarduli – Lions, Tigers, leopards and all other strong animals.

Sweta - Airaavana, Pundareeka, Vaamana, Kumuda, Anjana, Pushpadanta, Sarwabhouma, Suprateeka whose wives are Abhra, Kapila, Pingala, Anupama, Taamraparni, Subhradanti, Angana, Anjanaavati.

Surabhi – daughters - Rohini, Gandharvi , Vimala and Anala.

Rohini - Kine

Gandharvi - all animals of the horse species

Anala - Mountains, trees and plants

Surasa – Kanka (a species of long-feathered birds), Nagas, Punnagas.

Sage Pulastya Lineage:

Sage Pulastya & Havirbhu - 2 sons - Vishrava and Agastya

Sage Agastya & Lopamudra - 2 sons - Bhringi & Achutha

Sage Vishrava - 2 wives - Ilavida & Kekasi

Sage Vishrava & Ilavida (daughter of sage Bharadwaja) - 1 son - Kubera

Sage Vishrava & Kekasi (Asura Princess) - 3 son & 1 daughter: Ravana, Vibhishana, Kumbakarna and Soorpanaka

Kubera & Bhadra (Riddhi) - 3 sons - Nalakubara, Manigriva or Varna-kavi and Mayuraja

Ravana - 3 wives and 7 sons - Mandodari is major wife.

Ravana - 7 sons - Indrajit, Prahast, Atikay, Akshya Kumar, Devantak, Narantak and Trishir

Vibhishana & Sarama - a daughter - Trijata

Kumbakarna - 2 sons - Kumbha and Nikumbha

Soorpanaka married Dushtabuddhi

Vaivasvata Manu Lineage:

Vaivasvata Manu or Sraddhadeva Manu (Fifth Manu) - 10 childrens - Vena, Dhrishnu, Narishyant, Naabhag, Ikshwaku, Kaarush, Sharyati, Ila, Prishadhra and Nabhagarishti. They are collectively called as Sixth Manu. They are Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Ila was able to transform herself as a Man and Women. Ila is called as Sudhyumna, when she is Man. Sudhyumna had three sons, Utkala, Gaya and Vinathu.

From Ikshwaku - Lord Rama descended.

From Ila as Women - Lord Krishna, Pandavas and Kauravas descended.

Ikshvaku Lineage (Surya Vamsa):

Ikshvaku - Kukshi - Vikukshi - Bana - Anaranya - Prithu - Trishanku - Dhundhumara - Yuvanashva - Mandhata - Susandhi - Dhruvasandhi and Presenajit

Dhruvasandhi - Bharata - Bahu (Asita) - Sagara - Asamanja - Amsumana - Dileepa - Bhagiratha - Kakustha - Raghu - Kalmashapada - Shankhana - Sudarshana - Agnivarna - Shighra - Maru - Prashushruka - Ambarisha - Aja - Dasharatha - Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna

Rama & Sita - Kusha and Lava

Kusha - Atithi - Nishadha - Nala - Nabha - Pundarika - Kshemadanvan - Devanika - Ahina - Pariyatra - Balasthala - Vajranabha - Sagana - Vidhriti - Hiranyanabha - Pushpa - Dhruvasandhi - Sudarsana -Agnivarna - Sighra - Maru - Prasusruta - Sandhi - Amarsha - Mahaswat - Visvabahu - Prasenajit -Takshaka - Brihadbala

Ailas Lineage (Chandra Vamsa):

Brihaspati/ Chandra & Tara - Budha

Budha & Ila - Pururavas

Pururavas & Urvashi - Ayus, Amavasu, Vishvayu, Shrutayu, Shatayu and Dridhayu

Ayus & Swarbhanu - Nahusha, VruddhaSharma, Raji, Gaya and Anenasa

Nahusha & Viraja - Yati, Yayati, Samyati, Ayati, Viyati and Kriti

Yayati & Devayani – Yadu, Turvasu (Yavana)

Yayati & Sharmistha – Druhyu, Anu, Puru

Yadu Dynasty (Yadavas):

Yadu - Kroshtu - Vrujjinvanta - Swahi - Swati - Rasadu - Chitrarath - Shashabindu - Pruthusravas - Antar - Suyajna - Ushanas - Shineyu - Maruta - Kambalbarhis - Rukmakavach - Paravrushta - Jayamadh - Vidarbh - Kray - Kunti - Dhashti - Nivrutti - Dashai - Vyom - Jimut - Vikruti - Bhimrath - Rathvar - Navrath - Dashrath - Ekadashrath - Shakuni - Kurambhi - Devrat - Devkshetra - Devan - Madhu - Puruvash - Puruhotra - Anshu - Satvat - Bhim - Bhajman - Chitrarath - Vidurath - Shoor - Sharman - Pratikshatra - Swayambhoj - Hridik - Devbhithush - Shoor - Vasudev - Krishna

Puru Dynasty:

Puru & Kausalya - Janmejay

Janmejay & Anatha - Pracheenwantha

Pracheenwantha & Asmaki - Samyati

Samyati & Varangi - Ahamyati

Ahamyati & Bhanumathi - SaarvaBhouma

SaarvaBhouma & Sunanda - Jayatsena

Jayatsena & Susravasa - Suracheena

Suracheena & Maryada - Ariha

Ariha & Aangi - MahaBhouma

MahaBhouma & Suyagnya - Ayuthanayi

Ayuthanayi & Kama - Akrodhana

Akrodhana & Ramba - Devathithi

Devathithi & Maryada - Ruchika

Ruchika & Sudeva - Ruksha

Ruksha & Jwala - Mathinaara

Mathinaara & Saraswati - Trisha

Trisha & Kalindi - Ilina

Ilina & Rathantara – Dushyanta

Dushyanta & Shakuntala - Bharata

Bharata & Sunanda - Bhumanyu

Bhumanyu & Vijaya - Sahotra

Sahotra & Suvarna - Hasti

Hasti & Yashodhara - Vikunthana

Vikunthana & VasuDeva - Ajameedha

Ajameedha & Kaikeyi, Gandhari and Ruksha - 124 sons including Samvarana

Samvarana & Surya Kumari Tapati - Kuru

Kuru Dynasty

Kuru & Subhangi - Vidhooradha

Vidhooradha & Sampriya - Anaswa

Anaswa & Amrutha - Parikshitha

Parikshitha & Suyasa - Bhimasena

Bhimasena & Kumari - Pratisravasana

Pratisravasana - Prateepa

Prateepa & Sibhi – Shantanu

Shantanu & Ganga - Bhishma

Shantanu & Satyavati -Vichitravirya & Chitrangada

Vichitravirya/ Vyasa & Ambika - Dhritarashtra

Vichitravirya/ Vyasa & Ambalika - Pandu

Pandu/ Yama & Kunti – Yudhishtira

Pandu/ Vayu & Kunti – Bhima

Pandu/ Indra & Kunti – Arjuna

Pandu/ Ashvins & Madri – Nakula and Sahadeva

Dhritarashtra & Gandhari – 100 sons and a daughter.

100 sons - Duryodhana, Dushasana, Dussahan, Dussalan, Jalagandhan, Saman, Sahan, Vindhan, Anuvindhan, Durdharshan, Subaahu, Dushpradharshan, Durmarshanan, Durmukhan, Dushkarnan, Vikarnan, Saalan, Sathwan, Sulochanan, Chithran, Upachithran, Chithraakshan, Chaaruchithran, Saraasanan, Durmadan, Durvigaahan, Vivilsu, Vikatinandan, Oornanaabhan, Sunaabhan, Nandan, Upanandan, Chithrabaanan, Chithravarman, Suvarman, Durvimochan, Ayobaahu, Mahaabaahu, Chithraamgan, Chithrakundalan, Bheemavegan, Bheemabalan, Vaalaky, Belavardhanan, Ugraayudhan, Sushenan, Kundhaadharan, Mahodaran, Chithraayudhan, Nishamgy, Paasy, Vrindaarakan, Dridhavarman, Dridhakshathran, Somakeerthy, Anthudaran, Dridhasandhan, Jaraasandhan, Sathyasandhan, Sadaasuvaak, Ugrasravas, Ugrasenan, Senaany, Dushparaajan, Aparaajithan, Kundhasaai, Visaalaakshan, Duraadharan, Dridhahasthan, Suhasthan, Vaathavegan, Suvarchan, Aadithyakethu, Bahwaasy, Naagadathan, Ugrasaai, Kavachy, Kradhanan, Kundhy, Bheemavikran, Dhanurdharan, Veerabaahu, Alolupan, Abhayan, Dhridhakarmaavu, Dhridharathaasrayan, Anaadhrushyan, Kundhabhedy, Viraavy, Chithrakundhalan, Pramadhan, Amapramaadhy, Deerkharoman, Suveeryavaan, Dheerkhabaahu, Sujaathan, Kaanchanadhwajan, Kundhaasy, Virajass

Daughter - Dussala

Dhritrashtra & Sughada – Yuyutsu

Pandava Dynasty: 13 Sons for Pandavas.

Yudhishtira & Draupadi - Prativindhya

Bhima & Draupadi - Sutasoma

Arjuna & Draupadi - Shrutakirti

Nakula & Draupadi - Shatanika

Sahadeva & Draupadi - Shrutakarma

Yudhishtira & Devika - Yaudheya

Bhima & Hidimbi - Ghatotkacha

Bhima & Valandhara - Sarvaga

Arjuna & Subhadra - Abhimanyu

Arjuna & Chitrangada - Babruvahana

Arjuna & Uloopi - Iravanta

Nakula & Karenumati - Niramitra

Sahadeva & Vijaya – Suhotra

Kaurava Dynasty:

Duryodhana & Bhanumati – a son, Laxman Kumara and a daughter, Lakshmana

Dushasana - a son, Durmashana

Jayadratha & Dussala - Suratha

Shri Krishna Lineage (Yadavas):

Shri Krishna - 16108 Wives. 8 were principle wives and the remaining 16100 were junior wives who were rescued from Narakasura. The 80 sons of principle wives are as follows

Shri Krishna & Rukmini's Sons - Pradyumna, Charu Deshna, Sudeshna, Charudeha, Sucharu, Charugupta, Bhadracharu, Charuchandra, Vicharu and Charu

Shri Krishna & Satyabhama's Sons: Bhanu, Subhanu, Swabhanu, Prabhanu, Bhanumaan, Chandrabhanu, Bruhadbhanu, Atibhanu, Shribhanu, Pratibhanu

Shri Krishna &Jambavati's Sons: Samba, Sumitra, Purujit, Shatajit, Sahasrajit, Vijay, Chitraketu, Vasumaan, Dravin and Krutu

Shri Krishna & Nagnajiti alias Satya's Sons: Veer, Chandra, Ashwasen, Chitragu, Vegavaan, Vrush, Aam, Shanku, Vasu and Kunti

Shri Krishna & Kalindi's Sons: Shrut, Kavi, Vrush, Veer, Subahu, Bhadra, Shanti, Darsh, Purnamas and Somak.

Shri Krishna & Lakshmana's Sons: Prabodh, Gatravaan, Simha, Bal, Prabal, Urdhvag, Mahashakti, Sah, Oja and Aparajit

Shri Krishna & Mitravinda's Sons: Vruk, Harsh, Anil, Grudhra, Varddhan, Annad, Mahash, Paavan, Vanhi, and Kshudhi

Shri Krishna & Bhadra alias Shaibya's Sons: Sangramjit, Bruhatsen, Shoor, Praharan, Arijit, Jay, Subhadra, Vaam, Aayu and Satyak.

Shri Krishna's Son's Lineage:

Pradyumna - Aniruddha - Vajranabha - Pratibahu - Subahu - Shantasen - Shatasen

Pandavas - The next generation:

Ghatotkacha & Ahilavati - Barbarika and Meghavarna

Abhimanyu & Uttara - Parikshita

Parikshita & Madravati - Janamejaya

Now lets go through the characters of sages, kings, nagas, yakshas and demons mentioned in the epic books, Ramayana and Mahabharata and their relation with the above lineage of gods, manu and demons.

Characters in Ramayana:

Ahalya - Wife of Gautama Maharishi.

Aja - Son of king Raghu, from Ikshvaku dynasty.

Anasuya - Wife of sage Atri, mother of Dattatreya, Durvasa, Chandra (Moon).

Angada - Angada was the son of Vali and Tara.

Anjana - Mother of Hanuman and wife of Kesari, incarnation of apsara, Punjikastala.

Arun - Took the form of apsara called Aruni Devi, gave birth to Vali (Indra) and Sugriva (Surya).

Arundhati – Wife of Vashistha.

Bharata – Son of Dasharatha.

Dasharatha – Father of Rama, Laxmana and Bharata.

Dharmabhrit – A sage

Dilipa – Father of Raghu, from Ikshvaku dynasty.

Garuda - The Vahana of Lord Vishnu

Hanuman – Servant of Lord Rama

Ila – Daughter/Son of Vaivasvata Manu

Ilavida - Stepmother of Ravana and the first wife of Vishrava

Jabali - Advisor of Dasaratha

Jambavan - Servant of Lord Rama

Janaka – Father of Sita

Jatayu – Son of Arun. Servant of Lord Rama

Kaikeyi - Wife of Dasaratha, Mother of Bharata

Kalmashapada - A king of the Ikshvaku dynasty

Kausalya - Wife of Dasaratha, Mother of Rama

Kesari - Father of Hanuman

Kubera - Brother of Ravana.

Kusha – Son of Rama

Lakshmana – Brother of Rama

Lava - Son of Rama

Mandavi - Wife of Bharata.

Mandakini – A sage

Manibhadra - Yaksha

Manthara - Expert talker, Poisoned Kaikeyi's mind

Maya Sita - Illusionary duplicate of the goddess Sita

Menaka – Apsara who seduced Vishvamitra

Nala - Monkey, engineer of the Rama Setu, bridge.

Nila - Monkey, Chieftain in the army of Rama

Parashurama – Sixth avatar of Lord Vishnu, Son of Jamadagni

Rama – Seventh avatar of God, Son of Dasharatha.

Rishyasringa - A boy born with the horns of a deer, Son of Vibhandak Rishi and Urvashi

Rompad - King of Angdesh. Good friend of Dasharatha.

Ruma - Wife of Sugriva

Sage Bharadwaja - descendant of Sage Angiras

Sage Gautama - Son of Rahugana, descendant of Sage Angiras.

Sage Kambhoja - Close friend of sage Agasti. Sage Agasti was brother of sage Vasishtha.

Sage Sarabhanga - Sage visited by Rama.

Sage Shabari - Elderly woman ascetic

Sage Vishrava - Son of Pulastya and the grandson of Brahma

Sage Vishvamitra – King Kaushika turned Sage.

Sampati – Son of Arun. Servant of Lord Rama

Sati (goddess) – Dakshayani, first consort of Shiva, Reincarnation of Sati is Goddess Parvati

Shambuka - A shudra ascetic, slained by Rama

Shanta - Daughter of Dasharatha and Kausalya, wife of Rishyasringa.

Shatrughna – Twin brother of Lakshmana.

Shravan – A boy who has a hermit father (blind) and mother (mourn)

Shrutakirti – Wife of Shatrughna.

Sita - Wife of Lord Rama, daughter of goddess earth.

Sugriva – Brother of Vali and son of Sun god.

Suketu - Yaksha King, father of the demoness, Thataka

Sumitra – Wife of Dasaratha, Mother of twins Lakshmana and Shatrughna.

Tara - Wife of Vali, After Vali’s demise, she became queen of Sugriva.

Tumburu – A Gandharva or celestial musician in the court of Kubera

Urmila – Wife of Lakshman, daughter of King Janaka of Mithila and Queen Sunayana

Vali – Brother of Sugriva and son of Indra

Vedavati - Spirit of Sita Devi

Vershini - Vershini and Kausalya were daughters of Kaushal king.

Demons in Ramayana:

Ahiravan - Brother of Ravana

Akshayakumara - Youngest son of Ravana

Atikaya - Son of Ravana and his second wife Dhanyamalini

Indrajit - Son of Ravana

Kabandha - Celestial musician named Vishvavasu or Danu

Kaikesi - Daughter of Sumali and Tataka

Khara - Younger brother of Ravana

Kumbhakarna - Younger brother of Ravana

Lavanasura - Lavana was the son of king of Asuras named Madhu

Malyavan - Chief Royal Adviser to the Emperor of Lanka, Ravana

Mandodari – Wife of Ravana and daughter of Mayasura

Maricha - Uncle of Ravana                          
                                                           
Mayasura - Chief architect of Demons

Narantaka-Devantaka - Sons of the evil demon king Ravana

Nikumbha - Son of Kumbhakarna

Prahasta - Chief Commander of Ravana's army of Lanka

Ravana - Son of sage, Vishrava and a Kshatriya Daitya (demon) mother, Kaikesi.

Sarama - Wife of Vibhishana

Subahu – Son of Tataka

Sulochana – Wife of Indrajit (Meghanath), daughter of Shesha Naga.

Sumali - Maternal grandfather of Ravana

Surpanakha - Sister of Ravana

Tataka - A Yaksha princess turned demoness, daughter of Suketu.

Trijata - Daughter of Vibhishana

Vibhishana - Younger half brother of Ravana

Viradha – A minor character who kidnaps Sita.

Characters in Mahabharatha:

Abhimanyu - Son of Arjuna and Subhadra

Adhiratha - Foster father of Karna and the chief charioteer of King Dhritrashtra

Ahilawati - Naga Kanya, wife of Ghatotkacha

Amba - Eldest daughter of the king of Kashi, reborn as Shikhandi

Ambalika - Wife of Vichitravirya, daughter of the king of Kashi

Ambika - Wife of Vichitravirya, daughter of the king of Kashi

Amithouja - Personification of Kethumantha

Apsaras - 16 thousand ladies from antahpura.

Arjuna - One of Pandavas, Born by grace of Lord Indra

Arun - Charioteer of Sun

Ashtabharya - Group of the eight principal queen-consorts of Krishna

Ashwatthama – Son of Drona, Union of Kama and Krodha (Anger)

Ayassira, Aswaseersha, Ayassankha, Gaganamardha and Vegavantha - Kekaya Kings

Babruvahana - Son of Arjuna, begotten through Chitrangada

Balarama - Incarnation of Shesha, born to Rohini and Vasudeva, while Rohini bearing Devaki's fetus.

Barbarika - Son of Ghatotkacha and Maurvi (Ahilawati)

Bhagadatta - Personification of Bhashkala, Son of Naraka, king of the Pragjyotisha Kingdom

Bhanumati – Wife of Duryodhana

Bharata (emperor) - Ancestor of Pandavas and the Kauravas, Son of Dushyanta and Shakuntala

Bhima - One of Pandavas, Born by grace of Lord Vayu

Bhishma - Incarnation of eighth vasu, Prabhasa, Grand uncle of both Pandavas and Kauravas

Bhurishravas - Grandson of king Balhika, elder brother of Shantanu

Brihannala – Arjuna as Eunuch

Brothers of Duryodhana: Incarnation of Brothers of Paulasya

Chandravarma Kamboja - First Kamboja king mentioned on Mahabharatha

Chitrangada - Son of Shantanu and Satyavati

Chitrangada - One of Arjuna's wives

Chitrasena - Gandharva king who taught song and dance to Arjuna

Damayanti - Princess of Vidarbha Kingdom, who married king Nala

Dantavakra - King of Karusha

Deergha Pragnya - Personification of Vrushaparva

Devapi - Eldest son of King Pratipa of Hastinapura

Devayani - Daughter of Shukracharya and his wife Jayanti

Dhrishtadyumna - Son of Drupada, born by Grace of Agni

Dhritarashtra – Father of Kauravas, Incarnation of Hamsa (Son of Arishta) who was a Gandharva.

Dhrumasena - Personification of Sibi

Draupadi – Wife of Pandavas, daughter of Drupada

Drona - Teacher of Pandavas and Kauravas. Incarnation of Brihaspati

Drupada: Father of Dhrishtadyumna, Draupadi. Born with the grace of Wind

Drushtaketu - Personification of Anuhlada

Duhsala - Sister of Kauravas

Durvasa - Sage, Son of Atri and Anasuya

Duryodhana - One of Kauravas, Avatar of the demon Kali.

Dushasana - One of Kauravas

Dushyanta - Husband of Shakuntala and father of Emperor Bharatha

Ekalavya - Young prince of the Nishadha, jungle tribes

Gandhari - Wife of Dhritarashtra and Mother of Kauravas, Personified as Mati.

Ganga - Wife of Shantanu, Mother of Bhishma

Ghatotkacha - Son of Bhima and Hidimbi

Hanuman – Son of Vayu

Hidimbi – Wife of Bhima

Ila – Wife of Budha, chief progenitor of Lunar Dynasty

Indradyumna - Son of Bharat and Sumati

Iravan - Son of Arjuna and Naga princess Ulupi

Janamejaya – Son of Parikshit

Janmejay – Ancestor of Pandavas

Jarasandha - King of Magadha, Personification of Viprachitti

Jaratkaru - Husband of the serpent-goddess Manasa and father of their son Astika

Jayadratha - King of Sindhu Kingdom, married to Dushala

Kacha – Sage, Son of Brihaspati

Kakudmi - father of Revati who married Balarama

Kaliya - Poisonous Naga living in the Yamuna River, in Vrindavan

Kamatha - Kamboja king

Kamsa – Uncle of Krishna, Kalanemi was born as Kamsa

Karna – Friend of Duryodhana, Born by Grace of Surya

Kauravas – Sons of Dhritarashtra and Gandhari

Khatushyam - Manifestation of Barbarika, son of Ghatotkacha

Kichaka - Army commander of Matsya, to King Virata

Kindama - A rishi who cursed Pandu

King Puru – Ancestor of Pandavas. Youngest son of king Yayati and Sharmishtha

Kripa – Teacher of Kauravas and Pandavas. Incarnation of eleven Rudras

Krishna - Avatar of Vishnu, Devaki's eighth son, his father being Vasudeva.

Kritavarma - Personification of Aswapati, One of the bravest Yadava warriors and chieftain

Kunti - Siddhi (spiritual power) were born as Kunti, daughter of King Kuntibhoja of Vrishni. Wife of Pandu

Kunti-Bhoja - Adoptive father and cousin of Queen Kunti

Laxman Kumara - Son of Duryodhana

Madri - Buddhi (intellect) were born as Madri, daughter of the King of Madra. Wife of Pandu

Malla - Personification of Ajara

Manasa - Sister of Vasuki, king of Nagas and wife of sage Jagatkaru

Markandeya - Ancient rishi, devotee of both Shiva and Vishnu

Mayasura - Chief architect of Asuras

Muchukunda - Son of King Mandhata, Ikshvaku dynasty

Nahusha - Eldest son of Pururavas and Prabha

Nakula & Sahadeva – Pandavas, born by grace of Ashwini Kumaras twins

Nala - King of Nishadha Kingdom,  Husband of Damayanti

Pandavas – Sons of Pandu

Pandu – Father of Pandavas. Pandu was born with the grace of Wind

Parikshit – Son of Abhimanyu and Uttara

Pradyumna – Son of Krishna, Incarnation of Sanatkumara

Prapaksha Kamboja - Fourth prince of the Kambojas

Purochana - Architect in the kingdom of Hastinapur, Rebirth of Prahasta

Purusha Mruga - Devotee of Lord Shiva

Radha - Foster mother of Karna

Revati – Wife of Balarama

Rishyasringa - Boy born with the horns of a deer

Rochamana - Personification of Ashwagreeva

Rukmini – Wife of Krishna, Incarnation of Lakshmi

Sanjaya - Dhritarashtra's advisor and also his charioteer

Satyaki: Powerful warrior belonging to the Vrishni clan of the Yadavas, Born with the grace of Wind

Satyavati: Queen of the Kuru king Shantanu

Shakuni - Brother of Gandhari and hence Duryodhana's maternal uncle, Personification of Dvapara Yuga.

Shakuntala - Wife of Dushyanta and the mother of Emperor Bharata

Shalya - Brother of Madri, Personification of Samhlada

Shantanu -  Kuru king of Hastinapura

Sharmishtha - Daughter of the great Daitya King Vrishparva

Shikhandi - Guhyaka, who was in the form of a Man and a Woman became Sikhandi, Father is Drupada

Shishupala - Personification of Hiranyakashipu

Shurasena - Ancient Yadava ruler of Mathura

Subhadra - Half sister of Krishna, wife of Arjuna, and mother of Abhimanyu

Sudakshina - King of the Kambojas

Sudeshna - Wife of King Virata

Svetaketu - Son of sage Uddalaka, the grandson of sage Aruni

Takshaka - One of the Nagas

Tilottama – Apsara, created by the divine architect Vishwakarma, at Brahma's request.

Tumburu - Gandharva or celestial musician, sing praises of god Vishnu

Ugrasena - Personification of Swarbhanu

Ugrasrava Sauti - Narrator of several Puranas

Uluka - Son of the king of Gandhara, Shakuni and Arshi

Ulupi - Naga princess, One of Arjuna's wives

Upapandavas - Five sons born to Draupadi from each of the five Pandavas. They are Prativindhya, Satanika, Sutasoma, Srutasena and Srutakarma.

Uttara (Prince) - Prince of Matsya Kingdom and the son of King Virata

Uttara (Princess) - Daughter of King Virata, wife of Abhimanyu

Vaisampayana - Traditional narrator of the Mahabharata

Vajra (king) - Succeeding his father, King Aniruddha, to the throne, he was the great grandson of Shri Krishna and the grandson of Pradyumna

Vajradatta - Son and successor of the king Bhagadatta

Vasudeva - Father of Krishna, the son of Shoorsen, of the Yadu and Vrishni dynasties

Vichitravirya - Younger son of queen Satyavati and king Santanu and grandfather of the Pandavas and Kauravas

Vidura - Yama personified as Vidura. Half-brother to the kings Dhritarashtra and Pandu

Vikarna – One of the Kauravas, a son of Dhritarashtra and Gandhari

Virata - Matsya king, Born with the grace of Wind

Visoka - Personification of Jambhu

Vrishparva - a Danava (demon) king, who fought many wars with Indra

Vrushali - Wife of famed warrior Karna

Vrushti, Yadava, Bhoja and Andhaka dynasties

Vyasa - Son of Satyavati, Scribe of both the Vedas and Puranas

Yayati - Puranic king and the son of King Nahusha and his wife Viraja

Yudhisthira - Grace by Lord Yama, Eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, was king of Indraprastha

Yuyutsu - Son of Dhritrashtra with a Vaishya woman named Sughada

Demons in Mahabharatha:

Maya - Chief architect of Asuras

Hidimba – Brother of Hidimbi

Hidimbi - Wife of Pandava brother Bhima and mother of Ghatotkacha

Bakasura - Cannibalistic forest-dwelling demon terrorized the humans.

Kirmira - Brother of Bakasura

Jatasura – A demon who disguised as a Brahmin, attempted to steal the Pandavas' weapons

Alamvusha - Fought on the side of the Kauravas, killed Iravan

References: Mahabharata,  Valmiki Ramayana, Shrimad Bhagatavam, Brahmapurana, Manusmriti, Rig Veda
AD 2000: Sabari Mala becomes the national pilgrimage spot of Kerala. (March 26)

AD 2000: Kerala High Court verdict “Compulsory Harthil is against Constitution”. (June 1)

AD 2000: Nedumbassery Airport in Ernakulam becomes International Airport in June 11.

AD 2000: Kalluvathukkal Tragedy (October 21 and 22)


AD 2000: KK Usha became the first malayalee women to become the chief Justice of Kerala High Court.
AD 1999: Kayamkulam Thermal Power Plant inaugrated by Prime Minister, Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee on January 17, 1999 in January 17.

AD 1999: Book Publisher, DC Kizhakemuri died in January 26. Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai died in April 10.

AD 1999: Kerala Lokayukta came into existence in April 30 and Human Rights Commission came into existence in May 6.

AD 1999: The municipalities of Kollam and Thrissur become corporation in June 2. Thus kerala has 5 Corporations including Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and Kozhikode.

AD 1999: Kerala High Court verdict “Smoking in public Places is prohibited”.


AD 1999: Prabhat Patnaik became chairman of second financial commission.
AD 1998: EMS (First Chief Minister of Kerala) died in March 19.

AD 1998: Thermal Power Plant in Nallalath. (March 18)


AD 1998: Human Rights Commission formed in Kerala in December 11.
AD 1997: Brahmapuram Diesel Power Plant started in June 5.

AD 1997: KR Narayanan became President of India in July 25. He is the First Malayalee and also a first Dalit to occupy this position.

AD 1997: Verdict by High Court as Bandh (a form of protest used by political activists) is against constitution. (August 21)

AD 1997: Sivagiri Rule was totally taken by Government in October 9.


AD 1997: Booker Prize for Arundhati Roy for his work in “The God of Small Things’. She is the first malayalee to get that prize. (October 15)
AD 1996: Malabar University inaugurated in Kannur in March 2. The name later changed to Kannur University.

AD 1996: Kerala Women's Commission founded in March 13 with Sugathakumari as its first President.

AD 1996: Liquor Prohibition in Kerala introduced in April 1.

AD 1996: LDF won in Legislative Assembly Election. EK Nayanar became chief minister in May 20.

AD 1996: People's Planning Programme (Janakeeyasoothranam) in Kerala.(August 17)


AD 1996: Kerala Sastra Sahithya Parishad (KSSP) won the Right Livelyhood Award.
AD 1995: Inauguration of Diesel Power Plant in Nallalam, Kerala in January 12.

AD 1995: K Karunakaran resigned in March 16 and AK Antony became the Chief Minister in March 22.

AD 1995: PN Panicker died. He is known as the Father of Library Movement in Kerala. His death day in 19th June is observed as Vayanadinam (Day of Reading).

AD 1995: 3 Tier Model of Panchayat Raj System introduced in October 2.

AD 1995: Electricity generated from Wind Power System was introduced in Kanjikode, Palakkad in November 7.

AD 1995: The ordinance of Malabar University to built in Kannur in November 16.

AD 1995: Naivedyam of Balamani Amma got Saraswati Samman in December 11. She is the first malayalee to get that prize.

AD 1995: India's first Bachat (Saving) district in Ernakulam. (December 11)

AD 1995: Jnanpith Award for MT Vasudevan Nair.

AD 1995: Folklore Academy based on Kannur.


AD 1995: Kannur Medical College started. Kannur Medical College is the sixth Medical College in Kerala.
AD 1994: Hydroelectric Project in Kallada in January 5.

AD 1994: Guruvayur – Thrissur Railwaypath introduced in January 9.

AD 1994: Panchayat Raj Bill passed. District Councils came in April 24, 1991 eliminated.

AD 1994: The first phase of DPEP came into existence in July.

AD 1994: Vaikom Muhammad Basheer died in July 4.

AD 1994: Koothuparamba Firing in November 25.


AD 1994: The first finance commission formed.
AD 1993: Kerala defeated Maharashtra in Santhosh Trophy in March 2.

AD 1993: 100% Literacy Rate for Adivasis in the state. It is recorded in July 4.

AD 1993: Pension for Journalists was introduced for first time in India in August 1.

AD 1993: The first private TV channel, Asianet started.

AD 1993: Doordarshan started Malayalam channel through Doordarshan Metro (DD2).

AD 1993: Sooranad Kunjan Pillai got the first Ezhuthachan Award in November 2. Ezhuthachan Award was the biggest award given by State Government for literature.


AD 1993: Rajiv Gandhi Indore stadium in Kochi established in December 19.
AD 1992: Agasthyavanam Biological Park established in January 1.

AD 1992: Kerala State Government gave the title Asthana Gayakan (Official Singer) to Yeshudas in April 3.

AD 1992: KR Narayanan became the 9th vice president of India.

AD 1992: Alappuzha – Kayamkulam Railway track built in November 20.

AD 1992: Thoppil Bhasi died in December 5.

AD 1992: KR Gouri Amma out from CPI (M) in December 9. She then started the Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithi (JSS) party.

AD 1992: Dalai Lama visited Kerala in December 26.


AD 1992: TE Vasudevan got the first JC Daniel Award.
AD 1991: Trivandrum Airport got the status of International Airport in January 2.

AD 1991: The first election to the District Councils was held in 29th January 1991. LDF got the majority and they came to power in the District Councils.

AD 1991: The first Techno Park in India was established in Kazhakuttom, Trivandrum in March 31.

AD 1991: Upon Recommendation from Nayanar Government, Governor dismissed the Niyamasabha in April 5. A Legislative assembly was held in June 12. K Karunakaran became the chief minister in June 12.

AD 1991: Kerala became the first state in India to attain complete literacy (100%) and it was recorded in April 18. This achievement was announced by Chelakkadan Ayisha in a program held in Kozhikode – Mananchira.

AD 1991: Sree Chitra Thirunal Balarama Varma died in July 19. His final resting place is at Panchavadi.

AD 1991: C Achutha Menon Died in August 16.


AD 1991: Mahakavi Pala Narayanan Nair got the first Vallathol Award.
AD 1990: Balakrishna Pillai lost his MLA post in Anti-Defection Act in January 15. He is the only person lost his MLA post by this law.

AD 1990: Ernakulam District becomes the first complete literacy district in India in February 4.

AD 1990: Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad got UN’s Global 500 award in June 4.

AD 1990: Padma Ramachandran became the first women chief secretary of Kerala in October 31.


AD 1990: Coconut (Nalikeram) is considered as an Oil Seed.
AD 1989: Prem Nazir in January 16 and Muttathu Varkey in May 28 died.

AD 1989: In June 25, Kottayam became the first complete city to occupy complete literacy (100 %).

AD 1989: Meera Sahib Fathima Beevi became the first women judge of Supreme Court in October 25, who earlier served as a Judge in Kerala High Court.

AD 1989: NV Krishna Warrier, who served in the position of poet, newspaper editor and scholar died in October 12.


AD 1989: Cartoonist Shankar died. He is considered as the father of Indian Politic Cartoons.
AD 1988: The first flight landed in April 13 in Karipur Airport.

AD 1988: Shaji N Karun directed Piravi. Piravi got the national awards of best film, director and actor (Premji). Only Swayamvaram  (1972) got this much awards before Piravi.


AD 1988: Perumon Train Tragedy in July 8. About 100 persons killed in the train accident at Peruman near Kollam.
AD 1987: Lalithambika Antharjanam died in February 12. Her novel, Agni Sakshi got Vayalar Award.


AD 1987: EK Nayanar became the chief minister of Kerala in March 26 upon the 8th general election held in March 23.
AD 1986: Pope John Paul-2 visited Kerala.

AD 1986: The Mary Roy filed a case in Supreme Court. The verdict of this case is that girls born in Christian families should also get equal share as that of siblings from father’s wealth. (February 24)

AD 1986: MV Raghavan out from CPI (M) in June23. He formed Communist Marxist Party, CMP in the same year.

AD 1986: PT Usha won 4 gold medals and one silver medal in Asian Games. She became the golden star of the games and is also elected as the best athlete of Asia.

AD 1986: Mass rape of women by policemen in Thankamani village of Idduki in October 24. It is also known in the name of Thankamani Incident.


AD 1986: Cochin University became Sastra Sanketika University in November.
AD 1985: Malayalam Channel was telecasted from Thiruvananthapuram Doordarsha Kendra in January 1.


AD 1985: Vailoppilli Sreedhara Menon died in December 22.
AD 1984: Kasaragod came into existence in May 24 and it is the fourteenth and last formed district of Kerala.

AD 1984: Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in Idukki came into existence in August 4.

AD 1984: Shenduruny in Kollam and Chimmini in Thrissur are considered as Wildlife Sanctuaries in August 25.

AD 1984: Kanyakumari – Jammu Himasagar Express started in October 2. It is the longest running train of India.

AD 1984: Aralam became a wildlife sanctuary in October 15.

AD 1984: Silent Valley became National Park. It is the second national park of Kerala.


AD 1984: Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai got Jnanpith award for the novel ‘Kayar’. It is second largest novel in malayalam after Vilasini’s Avakashikal.
AD 1983: Thattekad Bird Sanctuary came into existence in August 27. Dr Salim Ali founded this Thattekad Bird Sanctuary as the richest bird habitat in peninsular India

AD 1983: Death of CH Muhammad Koya in September 28. He is the first Muslim to become the chief minister in Kerala. Other positions he handled includes MLA, MP, Speaker, Minister and Home Minister.

AD 1983: Gandhiji University came into existence with Athirampuzha in Kottayam as Center in October 26. Later in 1985 it is renamed as Mahatma Gandhi University.

AD 1983: Kerala Niyamasabha passed the Azhimathi Viruddha Bill in December 15.


AD 1983: Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary came into existence in December 21.
AD 1982: Upon resignation of K Karunakaran, President Rule started in March 17.

AD 1982: Legislative Assembly Election in May 19. K Karunakaran again becomes Chief Minister in May 24.

AD 1982: Pants included in the uniform for local Police Men in March 18.

AD 1982: SK Pottekkatt died in August 6.

AD 1982: Television Telecast from Thiruvananthapuram in August 15.

AD 1982: Massive Liquor Tragedy in August 15 in Vypin of Kochi, about 59 dead.


AD 1982: Establishment of Pathanamthitta district in November 1.
AD 1981: President Rule in Kerala from October 21 upon resignation of EK Nayanar.

AD 1981: Madras High Court released all acquits of Rajan Case in November 19.

AD 1981: K Karunakaran became the Chief Minister in December 28.


AD 1981: Punalur Liquor tragedy.
AD 1980: An election for the members to Kerala Legislative Assembly was held in January 21. EK Nayanar became the chief Minister of Kerala in January 25.

AD 1980: The first ship “Rani Padmini” built in Cochin Ship Yard traveled in Sea in February 4.

AD 1980: Milma founded in February 21st.

AD 1980: Wayanad District came into existence in November 1st.


AD 1980: Jnanpith Award for SK Pottekkatt for the novel “Oru Desathinte Katha”. It was for the first time, a malayalam novel got this award.
AD 1979: Pazhassi Dam in Kannur inaugurated in January 1.

AD 1979: Film Director, Ramu Kariat died in February 10.

AD 1979: Kerala Press Academy established in Kochi. (March 11)

AD 1979: Court finds the Karunakaran’s innocent in Rajan Case and presented the judgment in March 12.

AD 1979: Inaugration of Thiruvananthapuram – Kanyakumari Railway line in April 16.

AD 1979: PC Kuttikrishnan, also known as Uroob died.

AD 1979: The ship “Kairali” of Kerala Shipping Corporation disappeared in the Arabian Sea in July 14.

AD 1979: Inauguration of Trivandrum Railway Division in October 2.

AD 1979: CH Muhammad Koya became the Chief Minister of Kerala in October 12, upon resignation of PKV in October 7.

AD 1979: Kerala Land Reforms Bill was passed in Legislative Assembly in October 26.


AD 1979: Upon the suggestion from Chief Minister CH Koya, Governor dismissed the Legislative Council in November 30. Kerala came under president rule for the fifth time in December 5.
AD 1978: The Aeroplane Service from Trivandrum to Dubai in January 31.

AD 1978: G Shankarakurup (February 12), P Kunjiraman Nair (May 27) and KP Kesava Menon (November 9) died.

AD 1978: Upon resignation of Chief Minister AK Antony in October 26, CPI leader PK Vasudevan Nair became the Chief Minister in October 29.

AD 1978: Eravikulam became the first place in Kerala to get the title ‘National Park’.

AD 1978: Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in Thekkady included in the Project Tiger Reserves.

AD 1978: Cochin Stock Exchange and KSFE established.
AD 1977: The number of Assembly seats in Kerala increased from 133 to 140.

AD 1977: The famous painter, KPS Panicker died in January 15. He built the Artist village in Chennai Chola Mandalam.

AD 1977: Election in both Lok Sabha and Legislative Council in March 19. K Karunakaran became the chief minister in March 25. But he resigned the post in April 25 due to adverse judgment in Rajan Case. It is also the least ruled Cabinet in Kerala History. AK Antony became chief of Kerala.

AD 1977: AK Gopalan (AKG) died. He led the first opposition party in Lok Sakha of Kerala. He is known as the “Leader of Poor People”.

AD 1977: Morarji Desai inaugurated the Navel Study Centre in Vizhinjam in September 24.

AD 1977: Death of Joseph Mundassery in October 25. He is the first Education Minister of Kerala and also served in the position of literary critic, teacher and Novelist. Kozinga Elagal is his Biography.


AD 1977: He is the first kerala women to receive the KC Elamma Arjuna Award.
AD 1976: Moolamattom Power Station in Idduki.

AD 1976: Chitranjali Film Studio under KSFDC inaugurated in August 12.

AD 1976: The inauguration of broad gauge railway track by Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi between Thiruvananthapuram and Ernakulam in August 13.

AD 1976: The Joint Family system of Kerala abolished though law.


AD 1976: Idukki Wildlife Protection Centre came into existence.
AD 1975: The Hindu Marriage Act and Joint Hindu Family System (Abolition) Act came into existence in 1975.

AD 1975: The first sports school in Kerala, GV Raja Sports School established in Trivandrum in August 11.

AD 1975: The introduction of Magna Carta of Kerala Act in October 2.

AD 1975: Malayalam Poet and lyrics writer Vayalar Ramavarma died in October 27.

AD 1975: Eravikulam became wildlife sanctuary.

AD 1975: Kerala Forest Research Institute was established at Peechi in Thrissur.


AD 1975: Kerala State Film Development Corporation established.
AD 1974: The construction of tall Arch Dam in Idukki completed in May 24 under theco-operation of Canadian Government. The dam is constructed between the two mountains - Kuravanmala and Kurathimala and is the first dam in india of this type.

AD 1974: Shipping Corporation of India established in Kochi in May 25.


AD 1974: The former Union Defence Minister, VK Krishna Menon died in October 6. 
AD 1973: Kerala won Santhosh Trophy Football for first time.

AD 1973: Nirmalyam directed by MT Vasudevan Nair got the national award for best film (Gold Medal) from President. In this film, P J Antony (Character of Velichappadu) also got the national award of best actor (Bharat Award), who is the first keralite to get that award.


AD 1973: Kerala Highway Research Institute established in Karyavattom, Trivandrum.
AD 1972: Formation of Iddukki District in January 26th.

AD 1972: The inauguration of Cochin Ship Building Yard in April 29.

AD 1972: MN Govindan Nair introduced Laksham Veedu Colony in May 14.

AD 1972: The Marxist Party’s strike for taking back the Micha Bhoomi.

AD 1972: The name of Thumba Rocket Launching Centre changed to Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) upon instruction from Space Commission of India in July 10.

AD 1972: The first hydro electric project of Malabar, Kuttiyadi Power Project established in August 11.


AD 1972: Swayamvaram, directed by Adoor Gopalakrishnan got the national award for best film.
AD 1971: Cochin University came into existence in January.

AD 1971: Agricultural University in Mannuthy. (January 25)

AD 1971: Balasahitya Institute in Kerala in May 27.

AD 1971: Actor Sathyan died in June 15. He is also the first winner of Kerala state award for best actor in 1969.

AD 1971: K Kelappan, who popularly called as Kerala Gandhi died in October 6. He is the leader of Guruvayur Satyagraha in 1932 and also was the KPCC president during Indian Independence.


AD 1971: Dr Vikram Sarabhai, who is called as the father of Indian Space Science died in Kovalam.
AD 1970: Kerala Land Reform Act came into existence in 1970 citing the condition that all types of landlord-tenant (Janmi Kudiyan) relations exists were rejected and the division of land between  original farmer and tenant

AD 1970: Governor dismissed the Niyamasabha upon request from Chief Minister, C Achutha Menon in June 26.

AD 1970: Upon fixing the date of General Election, the cabinet of Achutha Menon resigned in August 1.

AD 1970: A Midterm Election was held in September 17. Achutha Menon once again became the chief Minister.

AD 1970: Kerala Cashew Nut Development Corporation in December.


AD 1970: Mannathu Padmanabhan, Panampilly Govinda Menon and Pattom Thanu Pillai died.
AD 1969: Government decided to give Education free up to Secondary Education for Students in January 6.

AD 1969: Kerala Sahakarana Sangham law passed in May 15.

AD 1969: Joseph Parecattil became the first Cardinal from Kerala who served as the Archbishop of Ernakulam from 1956 to 1984.

AD 1969: Resignation of Kerala Chief Minister EMS in October 24. C. Achutha Menon became the Chief Minister in November 1.

AD 1969: President accepted the Land Reform bill submitted by Kerala in December 16.


AD 1969: KSFE established.
World Creation according to Hinduism: There is no one simple account of creation of World/Universe, and there are many detailed and inter-related stories in different Puranas. Rigveda, the earliest hindu text mentioned about the creation of universe. It explains that due to the process of Hiranyagarbha ("golden embryo"), universe is formed. Hiranyagarbha can be compared with the “world egg” found in several creation myths. According to Nasadiya Sukta of Rigveda, God came into being after the world's creation, and there are no evidences on when the world first came into being. Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are the trinity of gods in Hinduism. Brahma is considered as creator, Vishnu as protector and Shiva as destructor. These trinities can be compared with Cyclical Universe Theory in physical cosmology. According to Cyclical Universe Theory, Big Bang is birth of the universe (Brahma), life of the universe (Vishnu), and the Big Crunch is destruction of the universe (Shiva).

In Purusha Sukta of Rigveda, Purusha is described as the primeval cosmic being, his mind is Moon, his eyes are Sun, and his breath is the wind. Viraj is a primeval goddess and is considered as the secondary creator, which splited from Purusha and Purusha in turn is born from Viraj. In, Manu Smriti 1.32, it is mentioned that Brahma divided Purusha into two as male and female. It is from Purusha’s body, the world and the varnas (classes) are built. The female Viraj produced Svayambhuva Manu who later created the ten Prajapatis. Prajapati means protector and preserver (King). According to Srimad Bhagavatam, the Prajapatis were Vishvakarman, Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu, Vasishtha, Daksha and Bhrigu. Vishvakarman headed the ten Prajapatis and these Prajapatis performed the creation of the remaining Universe.

According to Hindu cosmology, the universe is cyclically created and destroyed in once every 4.1 to 8.2 billion years, which is one full day for Brahma. The world is passing through Yugas. It is changed from Golden Age of Satya Yuga to Dark Age of Kali Yuga.  The Yugas passed were Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dwapara Yuga and Kali Yuga. These four yugas follow a timeline ratio of (4:3:2:1).

Satya Yuga: Virtue reigns supreme. Human height was 21 cubits. Normal human lifetime was 100,000 years. The duration of the Satya-yuga is 1,728,000 years. The avatars of Vishnu in Satya Yuga were Matsya, Kurma, Varaha and Narasimha.

Treta Yuga: There was 3 quarter virtue & 1 quarter sin. Human height was 14 cubits. Normal human lifetime was 10,000 years. The duration of the Treta-yuga is 1,296,000 years. The avatars of Vishnu in Treta Yuga were Vamana, Parashurama and Rama.

Dwapara Yuga: There was 1 half virtue & 1 half sin. Human height was 7 cubits. Normal human lifetime was 1000 years. The duration of the Dwapara Yuga is 864,000 years. The avatars of Vishnu in Dwapara Yuga were Balarama and Krishna.

Kali Yuga: There is 1 quarter virtue & 3 quarter sin. Human height is 3.5 cubits. Normal human lifetime will be 100 years. The human lifetime will decrease to 20 years at the end of Kali Yuga. The duration of the Kali Yuga is 432,000 years. Kalki in Kali Yuga is the tenth avatar of Vishnu. We are living in the Kali Yuga.
Prehistory: Geologists believe that it is from seismic activity, steadily or rapidly the land was formed. Chathanparambu near Farrokh is a famous prehistoric site in the Malabar region. Archaeological studies have identified many Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites in Kerala. These findings have been classified into Laterite rock-cut caves (Chenkallara), Hood stones (Kudakkallu), Hat stones (Toppikallu), Dolmenoid cists (Kalvrtham), Urn burials (Nannangadi) and Menhirs (Pulachikallu). The studies point to the indigenous development of the ancient Kerala society and its culture beginning from the Paleolithic age, and its continuity through Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic ages.


The archaeological findings include dolmens of the Neolithic era, in the Marayur area. They are locally known as "muniyara", derived from muni (hermit or sage) and ara (dolmen). Rock engravings in the Edakkal Caves (shown in figure above) in the Ambukuthi hills of Wayanad are thought to date from the early to late Neolithic eras around 5000 BCE.

BC 1000 - BC 900: King Solomon in Kerala










AD 216 - 428: Age of Perumals







AD 788 - 820: Adi Shankara Period








AD 1000: Jewish copper-plate issued by Bhaskara Varma

AD 1019: Rajendra Cholan attacked Kerala

AD 1045 - 1729:  Ettara yogam rule in Temples of Southern Kerala

AD 1090 - AD 1729: Venad Rule in Southern Kerala

AD 1100: Vembolinadu splits to Vadakkumkoor and Thekkumkoor

AD 1292: Marco Polo visited Kerala

AD 1295: Establishment of City Kozhikode

AD 1322: Friar Odoric of Pordenone in Kerala

AD 1324: Friar Jordanus in Kerala

AD 1341: Muziris devastated

AD 1342 - 1347: Ibn Battuta visited Kozhikode

AD 1375 - 1475: Cherusseri Namboothiri Period

AD 1405: Perumpadappu Swaroopam shifted

AD 1409: Ma Huan visited Kerala

AD 1440: Nicholo Conti in Kerala

AD 1443: Abdur Razzaq visited Kozhikode

AD 1466 - 1471: Pathinettara Kavikal

AD 1495 - 1575: Period of Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan

AD 1498: Vasco da Gama in Kappad, Kozhikode

AD 1499: Pedro Alvares Cabral in Kozhikode

AD 1503: Portuguese Fort in Kochi

AD 1504: Kodungalloor War between Kochi and Kozhikkode

AD 1505: Francisco de Almeida in Kannur

AD 1509: Afonso de Albuquerque, first Governor of Portuguese India

AD 1510: War between Portuguese and Zamorins

AD 1514: Invasion of Cochin by Zamorins

AD 1515: Treaty between Portuguese governor and Kollam Queen

AD 1525: Portuguese navy force invaded Ponnani

AD 1531: Portuguese builded fort at Chaliyath

AD 1540: Treaty between Portuguese and Kozhikode

AD 1555: Portuguese built a palace at Mattanchery

AD 1564: Portuguese fort attacked by Samoothiri

AD 1567: Jewish Synagogue established at Mattanchery

AD 1571: Samoothiri invaded Chaliyam Fort

AD 1579: Printing Press started at Vypinkara and Cochin

AD 1586: Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri wrote Narayaneeyam

AD 1592: Establishment of Dutch East India Company

AD 1599: Udayamperoor Synod

AD 1600: Portuguese army killed Kunjali – 4

AD 1604: Dutch Ships arrived at Kochi for first time

AD 1616: Captian Keeling reached Kerala

AD 1634: Kaniyamkulam war

AD 1644: British builded a trading place in Vizhinjam

AD 1645: Valmiki Ramayanam translated to Malayalam

AD 1653: The Coonan Cross Oath

AD 1663: Dutch invaded Kochi from Portuguese

AD 1677 - 1684: Umayamma Rani Period in Venad

AD 1678: Hortus Malabaricus Published

AD 1684: A fort at Anjuthengu by British

AD 1691: Vettam War

AD 1694: The British built factory at Thalassery

AD 1696: Kerala Varma abolished Pulappedi and Mannapedi

AD 1699: Arnos Pathri reached Kerala

AD 1701 - 1721: Rule of Rama Varma

AD 1708: British East India Company built Tellicherry Fort

AD 1715 - 1717: War between Samoothiri and Dutch

AD 1721: Attingal Outbreak (Anjengo Revolt)

AD 1723: Treaty between Travancore and British

AD 1725: Mayyazhi becomes French colony

AD 1729: Emergence of Modern Travancore

AD 1731: Sree Padmanabha Swami Temple Rebuilt

AD 1739: Preparation of land records by Mallan Sankaran

AD 1741: Marthanda Varma defeated Dutch in Colachel War

AD 1742: Elayadath Swaroopam merged with Travancore

AD 1744: Bolgatty Palace built by Dutch in Kochi

AD 1746: Marthanda Varma invaded Kayamkulam

AD 1749: Thekkumkoor merged with Travancore

AD 1750: Thrippadi Danam of Marthanda Varma

AD 1753: Agreement between Travancore and Dutch

AD 1755: Last Mamankam festival in Thirunavaya

AD 1758: Dharma Raja succeeded Travancore

AD 1758: Hyder Ali attacked South Kerala

AD 1761: Land Tax was first introduced in Kochi

AD 1766: Hyder Ali built a fort in Palakkad

AD 1772: Father Clement's Sankshepa Vedartham Published

AD 1773: Hyder Ali defeats Samuthiri at Kochi

AD 1779: British captured Mayyazhi (Mahe)

AD 1788: Tipu Sultan attacks Kozhikode

AD 1789: Tipu Sultan attacked Nedumkotta

AD 1789: Raja Keshavadas, dewan of Travancore

AD 1790: Sakthan Thampuran becomes ruler of Cochin

AD 1792: Srirangapatna Treaty between Tipu and British

AD 1793: British Malabar with Calicut as Capital

AD 1793 - 1797: Pazhassi Revolt against British

AD 1795: The fall of Dutch Kochi

AD 1795: Travancore accepted the British Supremacy

AD 1798: Balarama Varma succeeded Travancore

AD 1799: Raja Keshavadas died

AD 1800: Colonel Macaulay, resident for Travancore and Cochin

AD 1800: Malabar, a province of Madras presidency

AD 1802: Veluthampi, Dalawa of Travancore

AD 1805: Shakthan Thampuran Died

AD 1805: Pazhassi Raja Murdered

AD 1807: London Mission in Kerala

AD 1809: Kundara Proclamation

AD 1810: Gouri Lakshmi Bai succeeded Travancore

AD 1812: Kurichiya revolt in Wayanad

AD 1812: Slave trade abolished in Travancore

AD 1815: Rani Gouri Parvati Bai succeeded Travancore

AD 1818: Rev J Dosan built an English School at Mattancherry

AD 1821: CMS press built in Kottayam

AD 1829: Swathi Thirunal succeeded Travancore

AD 1830: Hazoor Kacheri shifted from Kollam to Kottakakam

AD 1831: First Census was conducted in Travancore

AD 1834: First English School built by Swathi Thirunal

AD 1834: First Kaneshumari in Travancore

AD 1836: Star Bungalow in Thiruvananthapuram

AD 1845: First English Medium School in Ernakulam

AD 1846: First English-Malayalam Dictionary published

AD 1846: Uthram Thirunal succeeded Travancore

AD 1847: Herman Gundert published Rajyasamacharam

AD 1853 - 1854: Slaves released in Travancore and Kochi

AD 1853 - 1924: Chattampi Swamikal Period

AD 1854: Malabar Special Police (MSP) organized

AD 1855 - 1928: Sree Narayana Guru Period

AD 1855: Malabar Collector, HV Konoli killed

AD 1858: Sir T Madhava Rao, Dewan of Travancore

AD 1859: First Coir Factory in Alappuzha

AD 1860: First College of Kerala, CMS is Established

AD 1861: Ayilyam Thirunal succeded Travancore

AD 1861: First Railway Line between Beypore & Tirur

AD 1862: Tellicherry Brennen School started

AD 1863 - 1941: Ayyankali Period

AD 1864: First Government Hospital of Kerala in Trivandrum

AD 1865: Pandara Pattam Proclamation

AD 1866: English School built in Trivandrum

AD 1869: Inauguration of new Secretariat in Trivandrum

AD 1872: Herman Gundert wrote Malayalam English Dictionary

AD 1873 - 1924: Kumaran Asan Period

AD 1873 - 1932: Vakkom Moulavi Period

AD 1874: Government Law College in Trivandrum

AD 1877: Construction of Main Central Road Completed

AD 1878 - 1916: Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai Period

AD 1880: Visakham Thirunal succeeded Travancore

AD 1883: Land Survey in Travancore Started

AD 1885: Sree Moolam Thirunal succeeded Travancore

AD 1887: Newspaper “Deepika” Started

AD 1887: First Novel in Malayalam Kundalatha published

AD 1887: Malabar Manual published by William Logan

AD 1888: Malayala Manorama Newspaper Started

AD 1888: Travancore Legislative Council established

AD 1888: Aruvippuram Revolt

AD 1889: First Novel “Indhulekha” by O. Chandu Menon

AD 1889: First Ayurveda College in Kerala

AD 1889 - 1968: Sahodaran K Ayyappan Period

AD 1889 - 1971: K. Kelappan Period

AD 1891: Malayali Memorial Agitation

AD 1896: Ezhava Memorial Memorandum

AD 1896 - 1974: VK Krishna Menon Period

AD 1896: Janmi Kudiyan Regulation Act in Travancore

AD 1900: Visit of British Viceroy, Lord Curzon in Travancore

AD 1900: Ezhava Memorial in 1990

AD 1901: Ramakrishna Pillai started “Kerala Panchika”

AD 1902: Rubber Cultivation started in Kerala

AD 1903: Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam registered

AD 1904: Sree Moolam Popular Assembly started

AD 1904: First Railway in Travancore between Thirunelveli and Kollam

AD 1904: Bi-monthly magazine of SNDP, Vivekodayam started

AD 1905: Vakkom Moulavi started Swadeshabhimani Newspaper

AD 1905: Ayyankali started a school to teach Dalit children

AD 1906: K Ramakrishna Pillai, editor of Swadeshabhimani

AD 1906: Raja Ravi Varma, great painter Died

AD 1907: Ayyankali founded Sadhujana Paripalana Sangham

AD 1907: Kumaran Asan's, Veena Poovu published

AD 1908: Yogakshema Sabha started

AD 1909: First farmer group strike in kerala by Ayyankali

AD 1909: Bhasa Sanskrit, discovered from Manalikkara Matham

AD 1910: Swadeshabhimani K Ramakrishna Pillai was deported

AD 1911: Kerala Kaumudhi was founded

AD 1912: Malayalam edition of Karl Marx was published

AD 1912: Sree Sarada Pradishta in Sivagiri by Narayana Guru

AD 1913: Kodugallur Kunjikuttan Thampuran Died

AD 1914: Nair Bhruthya Janasangham was formed

AD 1914: Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran died

AD 1914: Sree Narayana Guru built Advaita Ashramam

AD 1915: Ooruttambalam Revolt

AD 1915: Vagbhatananda Gurudevan founded “Atma Vidhya Sangam “

AD 1916: Swadeshabhimani K Ramakrishna Pillai died

AD 1917: Sahodara Sangham established by K Ayyappan

AD 1918: Cochin Rajya Prajamandalam started

AD 1918: CV Ramanpillai wrote novel “Ramaraja Bahadur”

AD 1919: Construction of Wellington Island in Kochi started

AD 1919: Sambavar Sangam formed in Travancore

AD 1920: Gandhi visited Kerala for the first time

AD 1920: “Liquor is poison, make it not, sell it not, and drink it not”

AD 1920: Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee (KPCC) formation

AD 1921: All Kerala Congress Political Conference at Ottappalam

AD 1921: Malabar Rebellion

AD 1921: Wagon Tragedy

AD 1922: CV Raman Pillai died

AD 1922: Travancore Labor Association was formed

AD 1922: Rabindranath Tagore visited Sree Narayana Guru

AD 1923: Mathrubhumi, tri weekly started

AD 1923: Vakkom Moulavi founded Kerala Muslim Aikya sangham

AD 1924: Vaikkom Sathyagraham

AD 1924: Samadhi of Chattambi Swamikal

AD 1924: Kumaran Asan died in a boat accident in Alappuzha

AD 1925: Mahatma Gandhi visited Kerala for the second time

AD 1925: 'Makkathayam' was introduced by NSS

AD 1925: Cochin legislative Council was inaugurated

AD 1926: Sethu Lakshmi Bayi passed the Newspaper Regulation

AD 1927: Third visit of Mahatma Gandhi in Kerala

AD 1927: Samastha Kerala Sahitya Parishath started

AD 1928: Sri Narayana Guru samadhi at Sivagiri

AD 1928: Aikya Kerala Movement

AD 1929: Nattu Rajya Praja Sammelanam was held

AD 1929: First film production company of Kerala, Kerala Cinetown

AD 1930: Kerala Kalamandalam established

AD 1930: Salt Satyagraha also created waves in Kerala

AD 1930: Kerala Kalamandalam was established

AD 1930: First silent film in Malayalam, Vigathakumaran

AD 1930: P Subramoniyam started “New Theatre”

AD 1931: VT Bhattathiripad performed Yachana Yatra

AD 1931: Guruvayoor Sathyagraha

AD 1932: Nivarthana Agitation in Travancore

AD 1933: United Muslim Association becomes State Muslim Association

AD 1933: Chithira Thirunal, first rulerof Travancore to travel in Sea

AD 1933: Second Malayalam silent film, “Marthanda Varma”

AD 1934: Mahatma Gandhi’s fourth Kerala visit

AD 1934: Split in Congress. Rise of the Leftists and Rightists

AD 1935: First Aeroplane service was started in kerala

AD 1935: Communist party formed in Malabar

AD 1936: AK Gopalan led the hunger march (Pattini Jatha)

AD 1936: CP Ramaswami Iyer, Dewan of Travancore

AD 1936: Temple Entry Proclamation

AD 1936: Electricity agitation in Cochin State

AD 1937: Travancore University was founded

AD 1937: Fifth and final visit of Gandhi in Kerala

AD 1938: Communism in Kerala Started

AD 1938: First talkie film in Malayalam, Balan

AD 1939: Uttaravada Rule in Travancore started

AD 1939: Rajadhani March led by Akkamma Cheriyan

AD 1940: Morazha Incident took place in Kannur

AD 1940: First Hydro Electric Project in Kerala at Pallivasal

AD 1941: Formation of Cochin Rajya Prajamandalam

AD 1941: Kayyur Struggle – The Kayyur Riot

AD 1941: Ayyankali died

AD 1942: Communist Newspaper, Deshabhimani started

AD 1943: First Radio Station started in Thiruvananthapuram

AD 1944: First Novel of Vaikom Basheer, Balyakalasakhi

AD 1945: National Book Stall started at Kottayam

AD 1945: Sahitya Pravarthaka Sahakarana Sangham started

AD 1946: "American model” administration in Travancore

AD 1946: Punnapra-Vayalar Revolt

AD 1947: Unsuccessful murder attempt against CP Ramaswami Iyer

AD 1947: Diwan rule in Kochi came to an end

AD 1948: First General Election in Travancore

AD 1949: Thiru - Kochi came into existence

AD 1950: The events in Kerala History

AD 1951: C Kesavan became the prime minister of Thiru-Kochi

AD 1951: First super hit film “Jeevitha Nouka” released

AD 1951: Kerala Peoples Art Club (KPAC) founded

AD 1952: AJ John became the first elected chief minister of Thiru Kochi

AD 1953: Resignation of AJ John Government

AD 1954: “Neelakuyil” released which later got Silver Medal of President

AD 1954: Pattom Thanu Pillai, chief minister of Travancore- Cochin

AD 1954: Mayyazhi (Mahe) formerly a French colony got independence

AD 1954: IK Kumaran Master represented Mayyazhi Mahajana Sabha

AD 1955: Pattom Thanu Pillai resigned

AD 1955: President Rule for the first time in Kerala

AD 1956: Novel Chemmeen of Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai was published

AD 1956: Kerala Sahitya Academy was formed

AD 1956: Merge of Malabar and Thiru-Kochi

AD 1956: Kerala High Court established in November 1

AD 1956: B Ramakrishna Rao became the first Governor

AD 1956: Thomas Mundassery started Current Books

AD 1957: Palakkad, Kozhikode and Thrissur districts formed

AD 1957: First General Election. LDF won, EMS first chief minister

AD 1957: Kerala Cabinet introduced Kudiyozhippikkal Ordinance

AD 1957: Alappuzha District came to existence

AD 1957: Niyamasabha passed the ordinance of Education bill

AD 1957: Medical College in Kozhikode

AD 1957: Travancore University is re-named to Kerala University

AD 1957: Establishment of KSEB

AD 1958: Mahakavi Vallathil died

AD 1958: Ernakulam District came into existence

AD 1958: Kerala Sangeetha Nataka Academy established

AD 1958: Neyyar, Peechi Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary

AD 1959: Colonel Goda Varma Raja introduced the second flying club

AD 1959: Anna Chandy first women judge of India, Kerala High Court

AD 1959: The Liberation Struggle (Vimochana Samaram)

AD 1959: Kerala Karshaka Sangham founded

AD 1960: Kerala Panchayat Raj established

AD 1960: Sri VV Giri appointed Governor of Kerala

AD 1960: Congress – PSP led Government came to power

AD 1960: Vardhakya Pension introduced

AD 1961: President accepted Kerala Karshika Boobhanda Bill

AD 1961: Power House in Neriyamangalam

AD 1961: Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation established

AD 1961: Kerala Postal Circle established

AD 1962: Guruvayoor Township established

AD 1962: Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad established in Kozhikode

AD 1962: Pattom Thanu Pillai resigned & R Sankar became Chief Minister

AD 1962: Kozhikode Corporation came into existence

AD 1962: Kerala Lalitha Kala Academy

AD 1963: Thumba Rocket Launching Centre established

AD 1963: Kizhanguvila Research Centre established

AD 1963: Kerala Land Reforms Act passed

AD 1963: Indo Swiss Project in Mattupetty established

AD 1963: Sardar KM Panicker died

AD 1964: Cochin Port Trust came into existence

AD 1964: Home Minister of Kerala, PT Chacko resigned

AD 1964: PK Kunju presented Avishwasa Prameyam

AD 1964: Kerala Congress founded under the leadership of KM George

AD 1964: Communist Party of India split as CPI (M) and CPI

AD 1965: President’s rule in the state for the fourth time

AD 1965: KSRTC came into existence in April 1

AD 1965: Kerala ‘Chitralekha’ started in Thiruvananthapuram

AD 1965: G Sankara Kurup got the first Jnanapeeta Award

AD 1966: Indira Gandhi inaugurated the HMT unit in Kalamassery

AD 1966: Asan Smarakam built in Thonnakkal

AD 1966: Kerala Prevention of Eviction Act

AD 1966: Chemmeen released in 1965

AD 1966: Kerala Tourism Development Corporation (KTDC) established

AD 1967: EMS became the chief minister of the state

AD 1967: Government introduced Lottery Tickets and Chit Funds

AD 1967: Sabarigiri Project located at Moozhiyar under Central Government

AD 1967: First rocket built in India was launched from Thumba

AD 1967: Assembly seats increased from 126 to 133

AD 1968: First Kerala lottery draws in January 26

AD 1968: Thumba Rocket Launching Centre was taken by UNO

AD 1968: Municipal Elections all over Kerala

AD 1968: Calicut University established in Kozhikode

AD 1968: Kerala Bhasha Institute established

AD 1968: Sarada got the national award for Thulabharam

AD 1968: G Shankarakurup founded the Odakuzhal Award

AD 1969: Government decided to give Education free

AD 1969: Kerala Sahakarana Sangham law passed

AD 1969: Joseph Parecattil became the first Cardinal from Kerala

AD 1969: Resignation of Kerala Chief Minister EMS

AD 1969: President accepted the Land Reform bill

AD 1969: KSFE established

AD 1970: Kerala Land Reform Act came into existence

AD 1970: Governor dismissed the Niyamasabha

AD 1970: The cabinet of Achutha Menon resigned

AD 1970: Midterm Election was held, Achutha Menon won

AD 1970: Kerala Cashew Nut Development Corporation

AD 1970: Mannathu Padmanabhan and Pattom Thanu Pillai died

AD 1971: Cochin University came into existence in January

AD 1971: Agricultural University in Mannuthy

AD 1971: Balasahitya Institute in Kerala in May 27

AD 1971: Actor Sathyan died

AD 1971: K Kelappan died

AD 1971: Dr Vikram Sarabhai died

AD 1972: Formation of Iddukki District

AD 1972: Inauguration of Cochin Ship Building Yard

AD 1972: MN Govindan Nair introduced Laksham Veedu Colony

AD 1972: Marxist Party’s strike for taking back Micha Bhoomi

AD 1972: Thumba Rocket Launching Centre becomes VSSC

AD 1972: Kuttiyadi Power Project established

AD 1972: Swayamvaram got the national award for best film

AD 1973: Kerala won Santhosh Trophy Football for first time

AD 1973: Kerala Highway Research Institute established

AD 1974: Construction of tall Arch Dam in Idukki completed

AD 1974: Shipping Corporation of India established

AD 1974: Former Union Defence Minister, VK Krishna Menon died

AD 1975: Hindu Marriage Act came into existence

AD 1975: GV Raja Sports School established

AD 1975: Introduction of Magna Carta of Kerala Act

AD 1975: Vayalar Ramavarma died

AD 1975: Eravikulam became wildlife sanctuary

AD 1975: Kerala Forest Research Institute was established

AD 1975: Kerala State Film Development Corporation established

AD 1976: Moolamattom Power Station in Idduki

AD 1976: Chitranjali Film Studio under KSFDC inaugurated

AD 1976: Inauguration of broad gauge railway track

AD 1976: Joint Family system of Kerala abolished

AD 1976: Idukki Wildlife Protection Centre came into existence

AD 1977: Assembly seats in Kerala increased from 133 to 140

AD 1977: Famous painter, KPS Panicker died

AD 1977: Election in both Lok Sabha and Legislative Council

AD 1977: AK Gopalan (AKG) died

AD 1977: Morarji Desai inaugurated the Navel Study Centre

AD 1977: Death of Joseph Mundassery

AD 1977: First kerala women received KC Elamma, Arjuna Award

AD 1978: Aeroplane Service from Trivandrum to Dubai

AD 1978: G Shankarakurup, P Kunjiraman Nair and KP Kesava Menon died

AD 1978: PK Vasudevan Nair became the Chief Minister

AD 1978: Eravikulam becomes National Park

AD 1978: Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in Thekkady in Project Tiger

AD 1978: Cochin Stock Exchange and KSFE established

AD 1979: Pazhassi Dam in Kannur inaugurated

AD 1979: Film Director, Ramu Kariat died

AD 1979: Kerala Press Academy established in Kochi

AD 1979: Court finds the Karunakaran’s innocent in Rajan Case

AD 1979: Inaugration of Thiruvananthapuram – Kanyakumari Railway line

AD 1979: PC Kuttikrishnan, also known as Uroob died

AD 1979: Ship “Kairali” disappeared in the Arabian Sea

AD 1979: Inauguration of Trivandrum Railway Division

AD 1979: CH Muhammad Koya became the Chief Minister

AD 1979: Kerala Land Reforms Bill was passed

AD 1980: EK Nayanar became the chief Minister of Kerala

AD 1980: First ship “Rani Padmini” built in Cochin Ship Yard

AD 1980: Milma founded

AD 1980: Wayanad District came into existence

AD 1980: Jnanpith Award for SK Pottekkatt

AD 1981: The events in Kerala History

AD 1982: The events in Kerala History

AD 1983: The events in Kerala History

AD 1984: The events in Kerala History

AD 1985: The events in Kerala History

AD 1986: The events in Kerala History

AD 1987: The events in Kerala History

AD 1988: The events in Kerala History

AD 1989: The events in Kerala History

AD 1990: The events in Kerala History

AD 1991: The events in Kerala History

AD 1992: The events in Kerala History

AD 1993: The events in Kerala History

AD 1994: The events in Kerala History

AD 1995: The events in Kerala History

AD 1996: The events in Kerala History

AD 1997: The events in Kerala History

AD 1998: The events in Kerala History

AD 1999: The events in Kerala History

AD 2000: The events in Kerala History

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