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Rabindranath Tagore History

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Rabindranath Tagore History: Rabindranath Tagore is the first Indian to win Nobel Prize. He is also the first Asian to win the prize. He was born in 1861 May 7 in Kolkata. His father is Debendranath Tagore. His Mother is Sarada Devi. The major Bengali Story writer Swarnakumari Devi is the sister of Rabindranath Tagore. He married Mrinalini Devi in 1883. Her age was only 10 at the time of Marriage. "Bhikharini" ("The Beggar Woman") is the first short story written by Tagore. It was first published through the family newspaper “Bharati” in 1877. Other popular short stories of tagore is Chinnapatrasamapti, Kabuliwala, Paila Number. Abhilasha was the first published poem of Tagore and it was published in the newspaper Tattvabodhini in 1874. He wrote the first drama called Valmiki Pratibha in 1880 and he also acted in Valmiki Pratibha. It was in 1901, he founded Shanti Niketan. Tagore’s residence is now located at Jorasanko in Kolkata. He stayed in Shanti Niketan in later days of life. He wrote the popular song, Janaganamana. It was during the congress conference in 1911, the song was first played. Upon Jallianwala Massacre in 1919, Tagore dropped his “Sir” name in order to show his patriotism towards nation. In 1913, his notable work, Geethanjali got Nobel Prize for literature. He laid stone for the Visva-Bharati University in 1921 December 22. But it was in 1951, Visva-Bharati became Central University. Tagore died in 1941 August 7.

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