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Earth – Water

Posted by Arun Mohan ~ on ~ 0 comments

About two third of Earth is Ocean (70.8).  So Earth is known in the name of Water Planet. But only 3 percent of water is Pure. The biggest ocean is Pacific Ocean. Ferdinand Magellan called the ocean “Pacific” due to its calmness. The Atlantic Ocean is in the shape of English Letter “S”. The most popular Bermuda Triangle, Sargasso Sea is also located in Atlantic Ocean. The deepest part of Pacific Ocean is in Mariana Trench. The depth of Challenger Deep in Mariana Trench of Pacific Ocean is 11,033 meter. The deepest part of Atlantic Ocean is Puerto Rico Trench and the deepest part of Indian Ocean is Java Trench.

In Sea Water, about 77.8 percent is sodium chloride, 10.9 percent Magnesium chloride, 4.7 percent Magnesium Sulphate and 3.6 percent Calcium Sulphate. Seawater composition (by mass) includes Oxygen (85.7 %), Hydrogen (10.8 %), Chlorine (1.9%), Sodium (1.05 %), Magnesium, Sulfur etc. Assal Lake in Djibouti of Africa has the most saline water outside Antarctica. Ocean Currents inspires the Weather conditions of earth. Submarine Rivers are sea water flows. The Gulf Stream provides good climatic conditions to live in North West Europe. Labrador Current, Gulf Stream, Guinea Current, Angola current, Benguela Current etc are ocean currents of Atlantic Ocean. Humboldt Current, Kuroshio Current, Cromwell Current etc are ocean currents of Pacific Ocean. Agulhas Current, Mozambique Current and Leeuwin Current are ocean currents of Indian Ocean.


Limnology is the study of inland waters, Lakes. Finland is called as a Land of a Thousand Lakes. Minnesota is known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Almost 60 percent of lakes of world are located at Canada. Finland has 1, 87,888 lakes. Panama Canal connects both Pacific and Atlantic Ocean. Panama Canal was opened in 1914. The length of the canal is 80 kilometer. The Suez Canal opened in 1869, connects both Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The length of the Suez Canal that connects both Asia and Africa is 190 kilometer. Dead Sea has no fishes. Red Sea is earlier known in the name of Eritrean sea. The Yellow Sea is located to the northern part of the East China Sea. The Sea of Galilee is the largest freshwater lake in Israel. Vostok Lake is located in Antarctica. Atlantic Ocean is also called as Herring Pond. In olden days, Arabian Sea is called as Sindhu Sagar. During Vedic Period, Indian Ocean is called in the name of Ratnakara (Sanskrit literature).


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