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PSC Class 131: India's Contribution - Space Research

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The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was launched in 1969.

The headquarters of ISRO is located at Antariksh Bhavan in Bangalore.

Thumba Rocket Launching Center is located at Trivandrum. The first Rocket was launched from Thumba in 1963 November 21. Nike-Apache is the first launched Rocket. Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) is submitted to United Nations Organization by India in 1968 February 2nd.

Aryabhata is the first artificial satellite of India. It was in Volgograd launch station of Soviet Union in 1975 April 19th, Aryabhata was launched. Bhaskara-I is India’s first and second low orbit Earth Observation Satellite.

APPLE launched in 1981 June 19 in Kourou in French Guiana.

The Remote Sensing Satellite of India, IRS-IA was launched in March 1988.

Kalpana I is the artificial satellite of India only for the purpose of weather study.

INSAT-4A is the weightiest satellite launched by india.

The only satellite launching centre of India is located at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh and it is called as the space harbor of India. The name of satellite launching centre at Sriharikota is “Satish Dhawan Space Centre”. It was in 2002, it got its name. Sriharikota is an island located at the coast of Andhra near Bay of Bengal. It is located in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. Sriharikota started with the launching of three Rohini Rockets in 1971 October.

Wheeler Island is a missile testing center located in chandipur off the coast of Orissa near Bay of Bengal.


The satellite of education, EDUSAT was launched in 2004 September 20 at Sriharikota.

Kalpana-1 launched by ISRO is the first dedicated meteorological satellite launched in September 2002. It is earlier known in the name of MetSat.

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV C7 is the launch vehicle that helped four satellites for the first time to reach its orbit. It was launched from Sriharikota in 2007, January 10.

SRE – 1 (Satellite Recovery Experiment) which can be recovered from space is also launched. It is also India’s first of its kind of Satellite.

Besides SRE – 1, CARTOSAT-2, the nanosatellite of Argentina - PEHUENSAT-1, LAPAN-TUBSAT of Indonesia were also launched in PSLV C7


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