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The Armed Forces - Different Facts:

1. The first station of Indian Armed Forces outside India is Tajikistan Station.

2. Robert Clive started the cantonments in india for first time.

3. The biggest cantonment of india is located in Bathinda of Punjab.

4. The cantonment of kerala is located at kannur.

5. The headquarters of Indian Army is located at Red Fort of Delhi.

6. The first united command of Indian army came into existence in 2001.

7. The first united command of Indian Army came into existence in 2001 and it is Andaman and Nicobar Commands.

8. The first commander-in-chief of this command is Vice Admiral Arun Prakash.

9. Most of the military officers were formed under Eastern Command of Military Forces.

10. The base Deppo "INS Samudiri" is commisioned under Ezhimala (Kannur) Navel Academy in 2005 April.

11. The first ordnance factory was established in 1881. and its's name is "Gun Shell Factory". It was established in Cossipore, Kolkata.

12. OTA (Officers Training Academy) in Chennai recruited women for first time in 2003 March.

13. DIA was established in 2002.

14. Field Maeshall KM Kariappa is the first officer to get the ranks - Lieutenant colonel, Commanding officer, Brigadier and General.

15. The first Field Marshal is SHFJ Manekshaw. It was in 1973, he became Field Marshal.

16. Another Field Marshal, KM Kariappa is senior than Manekshaw. But the kariappa got the field Marshal rank, after his retirement.

17. The first COAS of Indian Military is M. Rajinder Singh.

18. The first Commander in Chief from India is General KM Kariappa. The commander-in-chief rank was stopped in 1955. In the same year COAS rank started.

19. Major Stringer Lawrence is the father of Modern Indian Army.

20. The Central Armed Police Force in India, that tooks the protection of Airports and other trade institutions are CISF (Central Industrial Security Force).

21. The first commander-in-chief of Indian Army is Major Stringer Lawrence.

22. The Indian Military College of Dehradun got the honor of Supplier of Military Officers to three countries of world. They are Field Marshal SHFJ Manekshaw (India), General Smith Dun (Burma), General Ali Ashraf khan and General Muhammad Musa (Both Pakistan) are the officers who became the generals of their countries.
Central Armed Police Force:

1. The People's Armed Force of China is the world's largest military force.

2. India in No:2 position in military force.

3. CRPF is the largest of India's Central Armed Police Forces.

4. Assam Rifles is the oldest Central Armed Police Force of India. It is earlier known in the name of "Cacher Levy".

5. Cacher Levy was established in 1835. Assam rifles got its name in 1917. It is also known as Watchman of north east parts of India. Assam Rifles in 1959 helped Dalai Lama to enter India.

6. CRPF is earlier known in the name of Crown Representative's Police and It came into existence on 27 July 1939.

7. Shillong of Meghalaya is the head Quaters of Assam Rifles.

8.The first semi armed forces, that woman battalion came into existence is in CRPF.

9. CRPF established in 1949.

10. CISF (Central Industrial Security force) have the protection role of Trade Institutions and other major institutions. It was in 1969 March 10, the CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) is formed.

11. The motto of Border Security Force is "Duty upon Death".

12. BSF was founded in 1965,

13. December. Rapid Action Force (RAF) is the armed force formed to abolish religious riots and other violences. RAF came into existence in 1992 October.

14. CRPF has the agency "Green Force" for prevention of Ecological or Enviornmental activities.

15. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) has the slogan, "Shaurya, Dridata, Karm Nishtha" which means "Valour, Determination, Devotion to Duty".

16. ITBP is founded in 1962, October.

17. Political Rifles is the Central armed force formed in 1990 for prevention from Terrorist attacks in Kashmir.

18. General BC Joshi, is the army head, who took the steps for the formation of Political Rifles.

19. Home Guards is the semi Armed forces that engage in the relief works of environmental disasters and others domestic emergency cases.

20. Arunachal Pradesh is the only state, where there is no Home Guards.

21. Black Cats are the semi armed guards fall under the category of National Security Guards (NSG).

22. Special Protection Group is a NSG which serves the duty of protecting the Prime Minister and relatives of PM, and also for VVIPs.

23. Sashastra Seema Bal handles the protection of Border places of India with Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.

24. COBRA force (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action ) in india is formed in 2008 for abolishing the Naxilites. COBRA is working under CRPF.

25. Greyhounds is the special wing formed by Andhra Pradesh Goernment for abolishing the Naxilites.

Commandos:

1. Black Cats are the special Commandos of Section NSG (National Security Guards).

2. It is mainly formed for restricting the plane hijack, kidnapping and terrorist attacks.

3. NSG came into existence in 1985.

4. Special Protection Group (SPG) is the special commando formed for the protection of VVIPs including Prime Ministers.

5. SPG was formed upon report from Birbal Nath Committee of 1985.
Defense Research and Development Organisation is formed in 1958. The head quarters of DRDO is located at New Delhi. DRDO handles the domestic weapon development works.

DRDO Laboratories:

01. Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) is located at Bangalore.
02. Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment (ADRDE) is located at Agra.
03. Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS) located in Bangalore.
04. Defense Avionics Research Establishment (DARE) located in Bangalore.
05. Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) located in Bangalore.
06. Armament Research & Development Establishment (ARDE) located in Pune.
07. Center for Fire, Explosive and Environment Safety (CFEES)located in Delhi.
08. High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) in Pune.
09. Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE) in Chennai.
10. Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment (SASE) in Chandigarh.
11. Advanced Numerical Research & Analysis Group (ANURAG) in Hyderabad.
12. Center for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR) at Bangalore.
13. Defense Electronics Application Laboratory (DEAL) at Dehradun.
14. Defense Electronics Research Laboratory (DLRL) in Hyderabad.
15. Laser Science & Technology Centre (LASTEC) in Delhi.
16. Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE) in Bangalore.
17. Solid State Physics Laboratory (SSPL) in Delhi.
18. Deemed University in Pune.
19. Institute of Technology Management (ITM) in Mussorie.
20. Defense Food Research Laboratory (DFRL) in Mysore.
21. Defense Institute of Psychological Research (DIPR)in Mysore.
22. Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS) in Timarpur, New Delhi
23. Naval Physical & Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) at Cochin.
24. Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL) at Vishakhapatnam.
Indian Navy Details:

1. Indian Navy was formed in 1934.

2. Indian Navel Force Day - December 4.

3. The slogan of Indian Navel Force is "May the Lord of the Oceans be auspicious to us".

4. Vice Admiral RD Katari is the first navel force head of India.

5. Vice Admiral Sir Stephen Hope Carlill is the last British Vice Admiral. Sir Stephen Hope Carlill is the last british head of Indian Navy.

6. INS Vikrant is the first aircraft carrier ship of Indian Army. It was decommissioned in 1997.

7. The first nuclear Submarine of INF that lend from Russia is INS Chakra.

8. The Shipyards that built warships of India is in Visakhapatnam and Mazagon of Mumbai.

9. India domestically developed the Submarine in order to launch the Ballistic missile called Sagarika.

10. India developed first nuclear submarine called INS Arihant.

11. It was in 2009 July 26, the wife of Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Gursharan Kaur submitted it to the nation.

12. The domestic Warplane ship of India is built in Cochin Shipyard.

13. INS Shalki (S46) was the first ever submarine to be built in India.

14. INS Delhi is the biggest modern warship built by India.

15. It was in Kannur District of Ezhimala, the kerala commissioned Navel Academy (in 2005 April) is located.

16. INS Prahar is the speediest missile boat of INF.

17. The biggest Naval Base of Karnataka is INS Kadamba in Karwar.

18. Project Sea Bird is the name of first phase of this Project.

19. There are three commandos for Naval Force. Eastern Navel Command (Vishakhapatnam), Western Naval Command (Mumbai) and Southern Naval Command (Kochi).

20. The Navel Materials Research Laboratory is located at Ambarnath.

21. Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory or NPOL is located at Kochi.

22. Naval Science and Technological Laboratory is located at Visakhapatnam.

23. Indian Navel Army's special command section is MARCOS.

24. The US Peace protection Operation by Indian Navel Force in Somalian coast is known in the name of Operation Restore Hope.

25. The Operation Rainbow by INF is done for helping the Tsunami Victims in Srilanka.

26. Operation Castor by INF is done for helping the Tsunami Victims of Maldives in 2004.

27. Operation Gambhir by INF is done for helping the Tsunami Victims of Indonesia.

28. Operation Sukoon is the operation conducted by INF to help the indian citizens for return back to india from war areas due to Isreal - Lebanon War.

29. The Operation Sea Waves was a disaster relief operation conducted by Indian Armed Forces to help the Tsunami victims of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

30. Operation Madad was a disaster relief operation undertaken by Indian Armed Forces is conducted to help the Tsunami victims of both Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.

31. INS Tarangini is the Indian Navy's world voyaged training ship.

32. Barak 1 is an Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM) designed as a missile system against aircraft.

33. USS Trenton is the war ship that india bought from America.

34. The name of USS Trenton is changed to INS Jalashwa (L41).

35. The first Stealth warship built domestically by Indian Navy is INS Shivalik.

36. The Stealth warship built by Russia for Indian Navy is INS Talwar and INS Trishul.

37. The Navel Academies are located at Goa, Ezhimala and Karwar.

38. The first submarine of India which is used for the purpose of launching the Missile is INS Sindhurashtra (S65).


Submarine Museum:

The first Submarine Museum of India is INS Kursura (S20). It is located at the sreekrishna Beach of Vishakhapatnam. It is also the first museum of South Asia. It was inaugrated in 2001 February 27th.

Indian Navy Ranks:

1. Admiral
2. Vice Admiral
3. Rear Admiral
4. Commodore
5. Captain
6. Commander
7. Lieutenant  Commander
8. Lieutenant
9. Sub Lieutenant
Indian Air Force Details: 

1. Indian Air Force was formed in the year 1932.

2. October 8 is celebrated as Air Force Day.

3. The first Indian Air marshal of Indian Air Force is Subroto Mukerjee.

4. The last British native, Air marshal of IAF is Sir Gerald Gibbs.

5. Arjun Singh is the first air force marshall of India.

6. There are seven commands for Air Force.

7. The slogan of Air Force is "Touch the sky with Glory".

8. Sukhoi Su-30MKI is the warplane bought from Russia by IAF.

9. Garud Commando Force is the Special Commando of Indian Air Force. (It was in 2003, this special section was formed).

10. Tejus is the domestically developed warplane by IAF.

11. Advanced Light Helicopter Druv is the helicopter built by Hindustan Aeronautics in Bangalore for IAF.

12. Mirage 2000 is known in the name of Vajra in IAF.

13. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) built the warplanes in India.

14. Kaveri is the domestically developed warplane engine of India.

15. Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) in Bangalore developed the Kaveri Engine.

16. Mikoyan MiG-29 is the warplane of IAF known in the name of "Bahadur".

17. Ilyushin Il-76MD is the IAF known in the name of Gaja Raja.

18. Jaguar is the warplane of IAF known in the name of Shamsher.

19. It was in 1991, women recruited in IAF.  IAF Academy is located in Hyderabad.

20. Suryakiran Team aerobatics demonstration team of the Indian Air Force.

21. MiG-21 warplane is a supersonic jet fighter aircraft.

22. Air Force Technical College is located at Bangalore.

23. Airforce Administrative College is located at Coimbatore.

24. Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) built the domestic warplane of India, Light Combat Aircraft.

Indian Air Force Commands:

1. Central Air Command (Allahabad)
2. Eastern Air Command (Shillong)
3. Western Air Command (New Delhi)
4. Southern Air Command (Thiruvananthapuram)
5. South Western Air Command (Gandhi Nagar)
6. Maintenance Command (Nagpur)
7. Training Command (Bangalore)

Indian Air force Ranks:

1. Air Chief Marshal
2. Air Marshal
3. Air Vice Marshal
4. Air Commodore
5. Group Captain
6. Wing Commander
7. Squadron Leader
8. Flight Lieutenant
9. Flying Officer
Indian Military Army Details: 

1. Indian Military Day: January 1.

2. There are seven commandos in Indian Military Army.

3. The southern command of Indian Army is located at Pune.

4. General Sir Francis Robert Roy Bucher is the last British General of Indian Militant Army.

5. Field Marshal KM Cariappa is the first general of Indian Military Army.

6. SHFJ Manekshaw is the first Field Marshal of Indian Military Force.

7. General is the highest rank of Indian Military.

8. Arjun is the tank developed domestically by Indian Military.

9. Pinaka is the Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher System domestically developed by Military Force.

10. The Vijayanta was the first indigenous built in India.

11. The first Indian to get Parama Veera Chakra after being killed while in service of UN Peace Army is called Gurbachan Singh Salaria.

12. The first military officer who got Parama Veera Chakra is Major Som Nath Sharma.

13. Avadi Heavy Vehicles Factory of Madras is taken the responsibility of production of war tankers.

14. The National Defense Academy in Khadakwasla of Pune is the institution who is responsible for training the officers for Indian Armed Forces. (Military, Airforce, Navy)

Indian Army Commands and Headquarters:

01. Central Command - Lucknow
02. Eastern Command - Kolkata
03. Northern Command - Udhampur
04. Western Command - Chandimandir
05. Southern Command - Pune
06. South Western Command - Jaipur
07. Army Training Command - Shimla

Indian Army Ranks:

01. Field Marshal
02. General
03. Lieutenant General
04. Major General
05. Brigadier
06. Colonel
07. Lieutenant Colonel
08. Major
09. Captain
10. Lieutenant
11. Second Lieutenant
12. Subedar Major
13. Subedar
14. Naib subedar
15. Quartermaster Havildar
16. Havildar
17. Naik
18. Lance Naik
19. Sepoy or Sipahi or Jawan

Indian Military Academy:

1. The National Defense College is located at New Delhi.

2. Indian Military Academy is located at Dehra Dun.

3. The National Defense Academy is located at Khadakwasla of Maharashtra.

4. Officer Training Academy is located at Chennai.

5. College of Combat is located at Mau of Madhya Pradesh (Army War College).

6. Hi Altitude War Fair school is located at Gulmarg of Jammu and Kashmir.

7. Counter-Insurgency is the jungle warfare School located at Vairengte, Mizoram.

8. Defense Services Staff College is located at Wellington of Ooty Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu.

9. Armed Forces Medical College is located at Pune.


Armed Force Medical College (AFMC):

AFMC came into existence in 1948. AFMC is built upon advice from BC Roy Committee. It is located at Pune.

National Defense College (NDC):

1. The National Defense College (NDC) is located at New Delhi. It came into existence in 1960.

2. VK Krishna Menon introduced the Sainik Schools. The Sainik Schools are started in 1961.

3. RIMC is located at Dehradun. It came into existence in 1922 March 13.

4. Junior Leaders Wing is located at Belgaum. Junior Leaders Academy is located at Bareilly of Uttar Pradesh.

5. The Infantry School is located at Mhow of Mahya Pradesh. It is the biggest and oldest training center of Indian Army.

6. Army Air Defense College (AADC) is located at Gopalpur.
Languages of India: 

1. Hindi is the language that most of the indians speak and its is also the national & official language of India.

2. English is the official and native language of Nagaland.

3. Tamil is the oldest language and malayalam is the last formed language of among other dravida languages.

4. The Indian constitution accepted 22 languages around the country.

5. Kharosthi is an ancient Indic script written from right to left.

6. The official language of pakistan is Urdu and Urdu is considered as "Kohinoor of India".

7. Dhivehi is the official Maldivian language.

8. Esperanto is widely spoken constructed auxiliary language.

9. Mandarin is the widely spoken language of Chinese People.

10. Manipravalam is the combined language of both Malayalam and Sanskrit.

11. Thulu is the language which had no script.

12. Gurumukhi is the script of Punjabi Language.

13. Konkani is the language of Proto-Australoid tribes.

14. Brahmi is the oldest script of India.

15. Urdu is the official language of Army Camps and King's court.

16. Arya Script is used for writting Sanskrit Language.

17. Arabi Malayalam is the language of Mappila Sahithyam.

18. The official language of Singapore includes Tamil. Chinese, Malaya and English.

19. The father of Urdu language is Amir Khusro.

20. Latin is the official Language of Vatican.Meithei is the Manipuri Language.

21. Telugu is the widely spoken Dravida Language.

22. The classic languages of India are Tamil, Sanskrit, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam.

23. The languages of Arunachal Pradesh includes Monpa, Miji, Aadi, Mishmi and Tangsa.

24. Pahari is the language of Himachal Pradesh.

25. The languages of Jammu and Kashmir includes Urdu, Dogri, Balti and Dadri.

26. Khasi and Garo are the languages of Meghalaya.

27. The main languages of Nagaland includes Angami, Aavo, Koniak and Lotha.

28. The main languages of Sikkim includes Bhutia, Nepali and Lepcha.

29. The main language of Tripura includes Bengali and Kokborok.

30. Malayalam, Jeseri (Dweep Bhasha) and Mahl are the common languages of Lakshadweep.

31. French is the language of Puducherry.

32. The people of Mathur in Karnataka spoke Sanskrit.

33. It is believed that Jesus Christ spoke the Aramaic Language.

34. Baluchi, Dhari and Pashtoon are the spoken languages of Afganisthan, whereas Bengali is the indian language spoken in Bangladesh.

35. Dzongkha is the language of Bhutan. Khmer in Cambodia, Persian in Iran and Hebrew in Israel are the spoken languages.

36. There are 17 native languages of India are listed in Indian Currency (Rupee).
Education Sector in India: 

1. Nalanda is the university in Ancient times. It was destroyed by a Turkish Muslim army under Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193. The remnants of Nalanda can be found in Patna of Bihar. Also the remnants of other major university called Thakshashila is found in Pakistan.

2. Wood Despatch of 1854 also called as Magna Charta of Indian education is the British educational policy.

3. English became the official language in India in 1835 under the William Bentinck who was the then Governor General of India.

4. The National Education Policy was introduced in 1986.

5. University Grants Commision (UGC) came into existence in 1953, December 28th.

6. Mahatma Gandhi started the Educational Trust called Nai Talim Samiti.

7. In order to improve the quality of Primary Education, Operation Black board is established in 1987 - 1988.

8. The first medical college of india was started at kolkata in the name of Calcutta Medical College in 1835.

9. The first women's college was started at Kolkata in the name of  Bethune College in India. It was founded as a school in 1849. Later developed into a college in 1879.

10. According to the constitution reformation of 86 (section 21A) passed in 2002, the children of age between six and forteen will get free education.

11. World Literacy Day is celebrated at September 8th.

12. World Books Day - April 23.

13. National Hindi Day - September 14th.

14. World Mother Language Day - February 21st.

15. Readers Day - June 19.

16. The Open University of India is Andhra Pradesh Open University.

17. The First Correspondence course was started by Delhi University.

18. The first Women's University is Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University in Pune.

19. Govind Ballabh Pant University in Uttar Pradesh is the first Agricultural University.

20. Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University is the country's first exclusive university for physically and mentally disabled students.

21. The IGNOU (Indhira Gandhi National Open University) was established in the year, 1985.

22. The University which had a Radio Station is Vallabhbhai Patel University of Gujarat.

23. "The University for Peace" of United Nations is located at San Jose, Costa Rica of South America.

24. The University of United Nations is located at Tokyo of Japan.

25. According to the 42th Constitution Reformation, Education is put under Concurrent list.

26. Bharat Shiksha Kosh started in 2003, January 9 is mainly for the purpose of collecting fund from NRI's inorder to make various projects of Education Sector.

27. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiman project is started in 2001.

28. Mid Day Meal Scheme is started in 1995, August 15 for students in Schools.

29. DPEP (District Primary Education Programme) was started in 1994.

30. The full form of DIET is District Institution of Educational Training.

31. Janashala programme (UNDP) was started in 1998 as a 5-year project funded by both Central Government and the 5 agencies of the United Nations inorder to promote Education.

32. Jawaharlal Nehru introduced the National Balabhavan in 1956. It aims to the progression of education of students with the age betwween 5 and 16.

33. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) were established for promoting the Education of students from SC, ST, OBC and other lower classes.

34. Renaissance Schools are started at 1985 -86. It was in 1962, the central government of india give the permission to built kendriya vidyalayas for the children of Goverment Serviced People and also for Military students.

35. The education channel, Gyan Darshan was started by IGNOU.

36. In ancient Greece, Plato started the study school called Academy (Lyceum).Aristotle also started a school.

37. A german born, Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel started the Education Project called "Kindergarden".

38. An Italian born, Dr Maria Montessori started an education project called "Montessori".

39. Shantiniketan was started by Rabindranath Tagore in 1901. In 1921, it becomes Vishwabharathy. The slogan of Vishwabharathy called Yatra visvam bhavtyekanidam and it is printed in the door of Vishwabharathy University. In English the slogan is called as " where the world makes a home in a single nest".

40. The first university of India came into existence in 1857, January in Kolkata.

41. The first Homeopathic College is established in 1880 and the first science college was established in 1917 under Kolkata University.

42. The Kadambini Ganguly is the first to get a degree from a university of india in 1883. She got degree from Kolkata University.

43. The first chairman of University Grantz commision (UGC) is Dr Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar.

44. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) was founded upon advice from NR Government Committee.

45. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad coined the term IIT. The first IIT was established in 1950 in Kharagpur of West Bengal.

46. It was in Ahmedabad and Kolkata, the IIMs was first established. It was in 1961, that these IIMs founded. In Kerala, IIM is located at Calicut.

47. The Holy Angels located in Thiruvananthapuram is the first girls school of South Asia.

48. The first Medical College of Kerala was established in Thiruvananthapuram.

49. Akshaya is the IT Literacy project of Kerala.

50. EDUSAT is the complete education satellite of the world. It was launched in November 20, 2004.

51. It was launched from Sriharikota of Andhra. It is also known as "The satellite of Knowledge".

52. Victers Programme is the program conducted through EDUSAT. It was inaugurated by APG Abdhul Kalam Azad in 2006 July 24. (Virtual Classroom Technology on Edusat for Rural Schools - VICTERS)
Cultural Institutions of India: 

1. The current name of Asiatic Society of bengal is Asiatic Society.

2. Asiatic Society was established in Kolkata on 1784, January 14th.

3. It was in 1954 March 12th, the Kendra Sahithya Academi started (established in 1952 December 15).

4. Raveendra Bhavan of New Delhi is the head quaters of Kendra Sahitya Academi.

5. Kendra Sahitya Academi Fellowship is the highest sahitya Award given by indian Government.

6. Dr S Radhakrishnan in 1968 got the first award for Kendra Sahitya Academi Fellowship.

7. Vaikom Muhammad Basheer got Kendra Sahitya Academi Fellowship Award in 1970 and is the first Malayalee to receive that award.

8. Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai is the first malayalee who got both kendra sahithya academy fellowship and also the Jnanpith Award.

9. R.Narayanapanicker was the first recipient of Kerala Sahitya Academy Award for Kerala Bhasha Sahitya Charitram in 1955.

10. Kendra Sahitya Academi officially accepted 24 languages in India.

11. K. Ravi Verma for Ganadevata in 1989 got the Kendra Sahitya Award for vivarthanam (translation). He is the first malayalee to receive that award for vivarthanam.

12. The only malayalee women who got Kendra Sahitya Academi Fellowship Award is Balamani Amma in 1994.

13. The first president of Sahitya Academi is Jawaharlal Nehru.

14. The English work of Sahitya Academi is Indian Literature.

15. The current name of national academy of arts is Lalithakala Academy.Lalithakala Academy was founded in 1964 with its head quaters at New Delhi.

16. The Sangeetha Nadaka Academi was founded in 1953 January.Its headquaters is located at New Delhi.

17. National School of Drama started in 1959 with its headquarters at New Delhi.

18. Bharat Rang Mahotsav otherwise called as National Theatre Festival started in 1999 is the annual festival of National School of Drama with its headquaters at New Delhi.

19. National Library in Kolkata is the biggest library in Kolkata established in 1948. It is located at Belvedere Estate of Kolkata.

20. Imperial Records Department (IRD) came into existence in 1891 is now known in the name of National Archives of India.

21. The headquarters of Anthropological Survey of India is located at Kolkata. It started its working in 1949.

22. It was in 1861, the Archaeological Survey of India founded with its head quarters at New Delhi.

23. National Museum in Delhi is the biggest Museum in India established in 1949.

24. National Gallery of Modern Arts is established in New Delhi in 1954.

25. Indian Museum was located at Kolkata.

26. Salar Jung Museum is an art museum located at Hyderabad.

27. Central Reference Library is located at Kolkata.

28. Rukmini Devi Arundale is the Art Temple which established in chennai in 1936.
Telephones Services in India:

1. The first telegraph lines in India are connected between Kolkata and Diamond Harbor in 1851.

2. Telephone services came into existence for the first time in 1881 - 82 in Kolkata.

3. The ISD facility was first introduced between India and London, the capital of Great Britain.

4. BSNL came into existence in October 1, 2000.

5. TRAI came into existence in 1997.

6. The cities that BSNL services are not available are Mumbai and Delhi.

7. MTNL started in 1986 is the telecom service provider of Mumbai and Delhi.

8. The first cellphone service was provided in India is for New Delhi in 1995.

9. Airtel is the first private cell phone service provider in India. It is also the biggest telephone service provider in India.

10. World Telecommunication Day - May 17.

11. SIM Card is the Term Related to Mobile Phone.

12. Subscriber Identity Module is the fullform of SIM.

13. Martin Looper is the father of Mobile Phones.

14. Motorola is the first company to release Mobile Phone in the world.

15. The full form of STD is Subscriber Trunk Dialing. The full form of ISD is Inter National Subscriber Dialling. Public call office is PCO and National Subscriber Dialling is NSD.

16. The first Automatic Telephone Exchange in India was came into existence in shimla in 1913 - 1914.
The Postal Services in India:

1. The widest postal system in the world is Indian Postal Service.

2. The first Post Office of Kerala was established in 1857 in Alappuzha.

3. PIN from the term Pincode represents Postal Index Number.

4. PIN Facility of India was introduced in the year, 1972.

5. The total number of digits in Pin Code is Six (ABCDEF), where A to F represents the digits from 0 to 9.

6. The second most digit from Left side represents Postal Sub Zone. The Lefternmost digit of pincode represents Postal Zone.The third leftern most digit of pincode represents sorting district.The last three digits of pincode represents related post offices.

7. There are eight Postal Zones in India, They are Kerala, Tamil Nadu & Lakshadweep belongs to the southern postal zone.

8. The first general post office of India is founded in 1774 in Kolkata.

9. Dakshin Gangotri was the first Indian Post Office started in Overseasis of India that situated in Antarctica.

10. Kerala Postal Circle was founded in the year 1961, July.

11. Indian Postal Service celebrated its 150th centenary celebration in 2004.Speed Postal Service is started in India in 1986, August 1.

12. The first speed post center of kerala is Ernakulam.

13. The money order facility was started in India in 1880.

14. Postal Life Insurance was started in 1884.

15. The head quaters of Universal Postal union ia in Bern, the capital of Switzerland.

16. Orissa Police Department first introduced the piegions for communications.

17. World Postal Day - October 9.

18. India Postal Day - October 10

19. Indian Postal System that started Business Post in 1997, January 1. With the help of Internet, Speed net was introduced in January 3, 2002.

20. India joined universal Postal Union in 1876. Also India joined Asian Pacific Postal Union in 1964.

21. "Suprabhatam" is the postal service introduced by Kerala Postal Circle to send the posts to the mentioned address within 9 O' Clock early morning.It was started in Thiruvananthapuram in 2006 January.

22. The projects under Postal Insurance services include suraksha, suvidha, santhosh, sumangal and yugan.

23. Rural Postal Service Insurance is introduced for the People of Villages and other rural areas to save their Money. It was established in March 24, 1995.

24. Philately is the hobby of postal stamp collection.
Radio Broadcasting in India:

1. The first indian radio broadcasting was held in 1923 in Mumbai.

2. All India Radio was came into existence in 1936. Its name is changed to Aakashavani in 1967.

3. The slogan of Akashvani are Bahujan Hitay and Bahujan Sukhay.

4. Kisan Vani is the All India Radio Channel started for the purpose of promotion of Agricultural Progranmmes in February 2004.

Television Broadcasting in India:

1. John Logie Baird invented Television in 1928. The telecast was first done in USA in 1928.

2. A horseride game called Epsom Derby in 1931 is the first live telecast programme in Television.

3. The first advertisement in Television is based on watches in New York of America.

4. BBC is the biggest TV Telecast institute in the world (British Broadcasting Corporation).

5. The BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) founded in 1922 with the slogan, Nation Shall Speak Peace unto Nation.

6. The official headquarters of BBC is located at Portland Pl, London.

7. Prospero and Ariel were the two main characters of Shakesphere's notable work "The Tempest". These two sculptures, Prospero and Ariel is fixed in front of BBC Head office.

8. It was in 1959, september, the doordarshan telecast started. But it was in 1965, the daily telecast is started.

9. Sathyam Shivan Sundaram is the main slogan of Doordarshan. It was in 1976, doordarshan seperated with All India Radio.

10. In 1982, colour Television came into existence.

11. It was in 1982, the national telecast was launched with a live programme called Delhi Asiad (Asian Games).

12. Soap Opera, a television or radio drama serial telecasting daily events. The first TV Serial of world is Faraway Hills telecasted in 1946 from USA.

13. The first TV serial of India is "Hum Logh". in 1984. Prasar Bharti is the nationalised instite of Telecast and it was started in 1997 November 23.

14. The Full form of DTH is Direct to Home Services. ASC Enterprises is the first DTH Service provider in India.

15. The first free DTH is DD Direct Plus, which was inaugrated in 2004 December 16.

16. In order to make the DTH Telecast best, India launched the artificial satellite called INSAT - 4A in 2006, December 22.

17. It was in 1986, the commercial purpose of Doordarshan is established.

18. For the first time in Kerala, Television telecast from Trivandrum started in 1982 August 15.

19. It was in 1985, January 1 the malayalam telecast was launched.The first satellite channel of Kerala is Asianet. It is also tyhe first private channel.

20. DD Bharti is a doordarshan channel related to the cultural and Heritage programme.

21. Rupavahini Corporation is the national channel of Srilanks.

22. Al Jazeera also known as Aljazeera is the TV Telecast channel, with its headquaters in Doha of Qatar.

23. November 21 is celebrated as World Television Day.
Indian Railway History Timeline:

1. The first train ran from Bori Bunder station to Thane at about 34 kilometers in April, 16th 1853. General Dalhousie is the governor who started the first transportation of railways in India.

2. Indian railways become nationalized in the year 1961.

3. Indian is the public sector which has no: of employees in India compared to other sectors.

4. The railway path that included the train routes in the world heritage list of UNESCO is from Darjeeling to Himalayan Railway Path & also Neelagiri Mountain Railway.

5. The railway station that was included in the world Heritage list is Chatrapathi Sivaji Terminus in Mumbai of Maharashtra.

6. The trains that runs between India and Pakistan are Samjhauta Express (train started its run in 1976 from delhi to lahore) and Thar Express (runs between Karachi and Jodhpur).

7. The train that connects kolkata with Dhaka of Bangladesh is Maitree Express.

8. The train that serviced for the pilgrims of Buddha is "The Great Indian Rover". But it stopped its service in late 1980s and then changed the name from "The Great Indian Rover" to "Buddha Parikrama".

9. "Hospital on Wheels" is the train that running through the villages bfor the distribution of Medicine.

10. Life Line Express also called as "Jeevan Rekha Express" started its run in 1991, July 16.

11. The train engine still running which is the most oldest engine is Fairy Queen (locomotive).

12. The third longest railway platform of the world is Kharagpur railway platform, which has a length of 1.72 kilometers.

13. Vivek Express is the Indian Railways most distance traveller train.

14. Himasager Express Runs between Kanyakumari and Jammu Kashmir. The total distance of its travel is 3745 kilometer and it reach its destination from Kanyakumari to Jammu in 74 houres & 55 minutes.

15. The fastest train of Indian Railways is Bhopal - Delhi Special Shadabdi Express with a speed of 140 km/hr.

16. Rajadhani Express started its run in 1969, March 1.

17. Shatabdi Express trains are passenger trains operated by Indian Railways that started its run in memory of Shatabdi of Jawaharlal Nehru.

18. The first Shatabdi Express service is launched in 1989 July. It was between New Delhi and Jhansi.

19. The first electric train started its journey in 1928, January 5.

20. Chittaranjan Locomotive works was located in West Bengal. It got its name in memory of the bengal freedom fighter, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das.

21. The luxury train called "Palace on Wheels" runs through the tourist spots of Rajasthan.

22. The another luxury train of Indian Railways called "The Deccan Odyssey Train" runs through the tourist spots of Maharashtra.

23. The Royal Orient Train is a luxury train that runs between Gujarat and Rajasthan for tourism.


Historical Trains and its routes:

01. The Grant Truck Express was started its run in 1929. It runs between the stations, New Delhi and Madras.

02. The Golden Temple Mail earlier known as Frontier Mail (until September 1996)started its run in 1928 between the stations Amrister and Mumbai.

03. Punjab Mail started its run in 1912 and is between Delhi and Ferozpur.

04. Flying Rani Otherwise called as Flying Queen started its run in 1906 between Mumbai Central and Surat.

05. Deccan Queen started its service between Mumbai & Pune in 1930.

06. Janashadabti is the express train started its run from 2002 onwards.

07. The Presidential Saloon is the facility arranged by Indian railways for travelling President. It is the luxuary coach with two compartments.Dr Rajendra Prasad used the Presidential Saloon for First time.

08. The only Rack railway Of India is in Neelagiri Railway. The track is between mettupalayam to udhagamandalam (1 hour 44 mins travel with 51.5 km). Mettupalayam to Udhagamandalam Train is the slowest train of India. It has the speed of 10.425 km/hr.

09. The Railway Station built at a height of 2258 meter above sea level is located at Darjeeling.

10. Banihal-Qazigund tunnel is the Lengthiest railway tunnel with a length of 11.215 km (7 mile).

11. The Upper Son Bridge in Bihar otherwise called as Nehru Setu rail bridge is the second longest Railway bridge with total length of 3.065 km.

12. In 1990, Surekha Bhonsle (now Surekha Yadav) become the first Indian Woman train driver of passenger train.

13. Rinku Singha Roy is the first women station master, who bacame the station master in 1994.

14. The malayalee who taken the charge amd completed the Metro Railway project is E.Sreedhar.

15. It was in 2003, Indian Railways celebrated 150th Anniversary.As a part of Anniversary, the elephant named "Bholu" is taken as official Symbol of Indian Railways.

Top 10 longest Railway bridges in India:

01. Vembanad Bridge, Kerala - 4.62 km
02. Upper Son Bridge, Bihar - 3.065 km
03. Havelock Bridge, Andhra Pradesh - 2.7 km
04. Sharavathi River Bridge, Honnavar - 2,060 km
05. Konkan Railway Bridge, Goa - 1,319 km
06. Pamban Bridge, Tamil Nadu
07. Godavari Arch Bridge, Andhra Pradesh
08. Mahanadi Rail Bridge, Orissa
09. Jubilee Bridge Hooghly, Calcutta
10. Balawali Railway Bridge, Uttar Pradesh

Indian Railways - Important Years Timeline:

1853: The first train service from Bombay to Thane (34 km Broad Guage ). The Dalhousie's Railway Minute introduced.

1870: Lord Mayo introduced the Meter Guage project.

1881: The first Mountain Train from Dargeeling to Himalayan Railway Station started.

1890: Indian Railway act was passed.

1905: Indian Railway Act Passed. Also three member Railway Borad established.

1920: Awkworth Committee formed inorder to study about Railway Management and the utilization of Financial Matters.

1922: Railway Board reformed.

1924: The special Financial Facility.

1925: Central Government take the responsibility of East India Railways and Great India peninsular Highway. The railway track is also electrified.

1936: AC Coaches introduced in Train.

1951: Railways Nationalised.

1953: Hendred years of Indian Railways celebrated.

1955: The first Meter guage Engine was introduced.

1956: THe first broad guage diesal engine was introduced.

1969: The first Rajadhani Express train started its Run from New Delhi to Howrah.

1977: Pinkcity Express started its run from Delhi to Jaipur. The first national rail museum in New Delhi is came into existence.

1984: The first Metro railway started its run in Kokata for a distance of 16.3 kilometer between Dumdum and Tollygunge.

1986: Computer Reservation of Indian Railway established for the first time.

1988: Shatabdi Express started its run in between Major cities of India.

1991: Life Line Express started in first Hospital Train.

1996: STD/ISD facility started in Trains.

1998: Konkon Railway inaugrated (760 km).

1999: Rail Credit Card system was introduced by Indian Railways & Standard Chartered Bank.

2002: Internet Railway Reservation Started.

Konkan Railways: 

The total legth of Konkan Railway Track is 760 kilometers. The Konkan railway connects Roha and Mangalore. The headquaters of KonkanRilways is located in Belapur in Navi Mumbai. The inaugration of Konkan Railway was done in 1998 January 26. E.Sreedhar is the malayalee who completed the engineering work of Konkan Railways on time.

Important Locomotive units in Indian Railways:

Chittaranjan Locomotive Works builts Electric Engines.
Diesel Locomotive Works in Varanasi.
Integral Coach Factory in Perambur, Chennai.
Rail Coach Factory in Kapurthala.
Rail Wheel Factory at Yelahanka, near Bangalore.
Diesel Loco Modernisation Works in Patiala.

The Major Gateways of Indian Railways:

01. Broad-gauge railways use a track gauge of width 1.67 meters. greater than the standard gauge (1,435 mm).
02. Meter Guage (1 meter width).
03. Narrow Guage ( 762 mm 610 mm)
04. Bombay - Thane (1853) is the first Broad Guage Train Service of Asia.

The Institutions under Indian Railways.

1. Rail India Technical and Economics Services Limited (RITES).
2. Indian Railway Construction Company Limited (IRCON).
3. Container Corporation of India Limited (CONCOR).
4. Konkan Railway Corporation Limited (KRC).
5. Center for Railway Information System (CRIS).
6. Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation Limited (IRCTC).
7. Rail Tel Corporation of India Ltd.
8. National Rail Museum (Delhi).

Railway Zones and its Headquarters Time Line:

Zone - Headquarter - Starting Year

01. Northern Railway - Delhi - 1952
02. North Eastern Railway - Kharagpur - 1952
03. Northeast Frontier Railway - Maligaon (Guwahati) - 1958
04. Eastern Railway - Kolkata - 1952
05. South Eastern Railway - Kolkata - 1955
06. South Central Railway - Secunderabad - 1966
07. Southern Railway - Chennai - 1951
08. Central Railway - Mumbai - 1951
09. Western Railway - Mumbai - 1951
10. South Western Railway - Hubli - 2003
11. North Western Railway - Jaipur - 2002
12. West Central Railway - Jabalpur - 2003
13. North Central Railway - Allahabad - 2003
14. Southeast Central Railway - Bilaspur - 2003
15. East Coast Railway - Bhubaneswar - 2003
16. East Central Railway - Hajipur - 2002
Airports in India: 

1. World's no:1 country with most airports is USA. In Asia, Indonesia is no:1 with no: of airports and India in 3rd Position.

2. The biggest airport in the world is King Fahd International Airport located in Dammam of Saudi Arabia.

3. IATA (International Air Transport Association) is the agency that gives Codes to airports in Different countries. The headquaters of IATA is in Montreal, a city in Canada.

4. The first International Airport came into existence in the world is Croydon Airport in London.

5. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is the busiest airport in India and also in South Asia.

6. Kerala has three international airports and is no: 1 with number of Internationl airports in a state in India. Thiruvananthapuram, Nedumbassery (Ernakulam) and Karipur (Malappuram)are the three international airports of Kerala. Nedumbassery in Ernakulam is the first international airport that was built by private companies without the help of Central Government.

7. Indira Gandhi International Airport is located at New Delhi. Wheras Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose airport is located at Kolkata.

8. Zero or Ziro Airport is located at Arunachal Pradesh.

9. Veer Savarkar International Airport is located at Port Blair of Andaman.

10. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi is the International Airport located at Guwahati of Assam.

11. Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport is located aat Patna of Bihar.

12. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport is located at Ahmedabad of Gujarat. Birsa Munda Airport is located at Ranchi of Jharkhand.

13. Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport is located at Indore of Madhya Pradesh.

14. Dabolim Goa International Airport is located at Goa.Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport is located at Nagpur of Maharashtra.

15. Biju Patnaik International Airport is located at Bhubaneswar of Odisha.

16. Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport (Raja Sansi town) is located at Amrister of Punjab.

17. Jaipur Airport is located at suburb of Sanganer in Jaipur.

18. Gaggal Kangra Airport is located at Dharmasala of Himachal Pradesh.

19. Anna International Airport is located at Chennai of Tamil Nadu.

20. Kushok Bakula Rimpochhe Airport is located at Leh of Jammu and Kashmir. It's one among the highest airports in the world which is located at about 3,256 meter above sea level.

21. Mangalore Airport early known as Bajpe Airport is an international airport in Mangalore of Karnataka.

22. Leonardo da Vinci Fiumicino Airport is the international Airport of Italy located at Venice.

23. Narita International Airport is located at Tokyo, the capital city of Japan. Ben Gurion Airport is the international Airport located at Israel.

24. John F. Kennedy International Airport is located at Queens in New York City. Charles de Gaulle Airport is located at Paris.

25. Tribhuvan International Airport is located in Kathmandu and is the only International Airport of Nepal.
Roads in India:

1. The total length of Roads in India is more than 33 lakh kilometers.

2. Maharashtra is the no:1 state in India having roads.

3. National Highway, State Highway, District Roads and Village Roads are the different roads of India  The total length of National Highways is 78,800 kilometers.

4. The construction and repair of National Highway is done by Central Government. The Golden Quadrilateral connects the four metro cities of India namely New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore.

5. The Grant Truck road in the Northernmost part of India is built by Shershah suri. It was also declared as first National Highway during the period of Shershah suri. Earlier Grant Truck Road was built between Sasaram and Agra in Uttar Pradesh. This Road is known in the name of "Long walk" during British reign.

6. NH 7 is the lengthiest National Highway of India. The NH 7 built between Varanasi of Uttar Pradesh to Kaniyakumari of Tamil Nadu. The length of NH 7 is 2369 km.

7. The NH 6 is the second lengthiest road of India that connects district, Hazira to Kolkata. The total length of road is 1949 kilometers.

8. The smallest road in India is NH 47A, also called as 966B Road. It connects Kundanoor of cochin to Wellington Island. The Length of NH 47A is 5.9 Kilometers.

9. NH 1 connects Delhi to Amritsar.  The length of this road is 456 kilometers.

10. The state highways was controlled by state government. State Government handle both construction and maintenance of State Highways.

11. The North-South–East-West Corridor (NS-EW) is the largest highway project in India, which is now in the developmental stage. The highway corridor joins at the Jhansi district of Uttar Pradesh.

12. Andaman Trunk Road is located at Andaman Islands.

13. The first Road Transport and Highways Department was came into existence in 1860 in Travancore.

14. Kerala is No:1 in the number of Panchayat Roads. The only state which connects all type of roads in cities, forests, towns and Village is Kerala.

15. Nine National Highways pass through Kerala. They are NH 66, NH 544, NH 85, NH 966A, NH 744, NH 766, NH 966, NH 183, NH 966B are the national highways of Kerala.

16. The total length of National Highway that pass through Kerala is NH 66.

17. The panchayat road contributes almost 67 percent of total roads in Kerala.

18. There are around 60 State Highways in Kerala.

19. The State Highway, SH - 1 is called as MC Road in Kerala. Main Central Road is the full name of MC Road. MC Road joins Trivandrum to Angamaly. The total length of MC Road is 240 kilometer.

20. The construction and repair of State Highways is done by the State Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. They have more state highways in Ernakulam District.
Islands of India: 

1. An island otherwise called as isle is a piece of land that is surrounded by water.

2. The length of Sea Coast of India is 7518 kilometer.

3. The largest island group of India is Andaman and Nicober Islands. The capital of Andaman & Nicobar Islands is Port Blair.

4. The tribals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands include Jarawa,Onge and Sentinelese. At One time Jungle tribe existed in Andaman. but it now vanished.

5. Rose Island is the first headquaters of British in Andaman. The cellular jail in the andaman are used to prison the independent freedom fighters. It is located at Port Blair. It is also known in the name of Kalapani.

6. Veer Savarkar International Airport is located at Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

7. The Ten Degree Channel is that separates the Andaman Islands from the Nicobar Islands in located in Bay of Bengal.The length of Ten Degree Channel is about 150 kilometers.

8. Both Andaman and Nicobar Islands spread about 790 kilometers. North Andaman is the biggest of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. The area of this island is about 2781 square kilometers.

9. Saddle Peak is the highest peak of Andaman, which has a height of about 738 meters.

10. The second highest island of Andaman and Nicobar islands is Middle Andaman. Most of the people of Andaman is located at Middle Andaman and it is the highest population city among others in the territory.

11. The centre of Onge tribals is Little Andaman. Duncan Passage is the strait in Indian Ocean that splits South Andaman and Little Andaman.

12. Baratang and Rutland are the other Islands of Andaman.

13. Andaman is declared as first Tribal Protection Area of India in 1957. The centre of Onge tribals is Little Andaman.

14. Duncan Passage is the strait in Indian Ocean that splits South Andaman and Little Andaman. Barren Island is the only active volcano land in South Asia. The volcano land is located at the eastern part of Barana island.The last volcano destruction was occured in May 2, 2006.

15. Narcondam is a small inactive volcanic island located in the Andaman.

16. Great Island is the largest island of Nicobar groups. The Indira Point is the most southern part of Indian Islands. Parsons Point otherwise called as Indian Bay and the Pygmalion Point are the earliest names of Andaman Islands.

17. 36 islands combined to form Lakshwadeep which is located in the Arabian Sea.

18. The position of Lakshadweep is located at about 200 to 300 kilometers west to the Kerala state. The total area of all the islands of Lakshadweep is 28 square kilometers.

19. Only 11 of 36 groups of islands have population.

20. The biggest island of lakshadweep is Androth.

21. Kavaratti is the capital of Lakshadweep and Malayalam is the official language of Lakshwadeep.

22. Minicoy is the southernmost island of Andaman. The language of people of Minicoy is Mahal.

23. Arakkal Kings of Kannur are the earliest rulers of Lakshadweep.

24. Elephant Islands located near mumbai in Arabian Sea.

25. Majuli is the biggest riverside island of South Asia located in Brahmaputra. Majuli is located at jorhat district of Assam. About one and a half lakhs of people are living in this island.

26. The second largest river side island of India is Nongkhnum, which is located at Meghalaya. The Honeymoon and Breakfast islands are located at Chilka Lake of Orissa.
Water Irrigation Projects in India: 

1. The Grant Dam built by Karikala Cholan in AD 46 in Thanjavur is located on the banks of River, Kaveri. It is mainly built for the purpose of getting watter for the Rice cultivation near Thiruchirapally.

2. The Farakka Dam is built across river Ganga in West Bengal.

3. Most of the people gets water through wells. The Farakka project was established for the purpose of protecting Kolkata Seaport and also for the development of Navel transport through Hooghly River.

4. The lengthiest dam of India, Hirakud is built across the river Mahanadhi in Orissa.

5. The Ranjit Sagar Dam also called as Thein Dam is built across the Ravi River in the state of Punjab. The people of Haryana, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir gets water from this Ravi River.

6. Damodar River Valley Project was launched from the inspiration of Tennessee Valley Authority of USA. Damodar River Valley Project are introduced in both West Bengal and Bihar.

7. Indhira Gandhi Canal is built in North Western part of Rajasthan for the purpose of irrigation. It is also the lengthiest canal of india. It was from the Sutlej River, Indira Gandhi Canal gets water for irrigation.

8. Dul Hasti Hydel Power Project is located at the Chenab River of Jammu and Kashmir.

9. Kakrapar Dam is built across Tapti River of Gujarat.

10. Tehri Dam is built across the Bhagirathi River of Uttar Pradesh.

11. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is located on the banks of Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh.

12. Uri hydel power project is built across Jhelum River in Jammu & Kashmir.

13. Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam built on the Narmada River.

14. Baglihar Hydroelectric Power Project is a power project on the Chenab River of Kashmir.

Plateau (Ranges): 

1. Malwa Plateau formed from volcanic origin and Vindhya Plateau formed from granite stones and both are located in Central India which geographically divides India into northern and southern parts.

2. Bagelkhand is located south to Vindhya Plateaus.

3. The Chota Nagpur Plateau formed from the adjacent parts of Ranchi, Hazaribagh and Koderma.

4. Deccan Plateau is the widest Plateau in India.

5. Deccan traps are formed by the fall of basic lava from the earth's crust.

Bhakra Nangal Dam: Bhakra Dam and Nangal dam is combined to form Bhakra Nangal Dam. Bhakra Nangal is one of the highest dam in India and is located in the Sutlej River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh.The water storage in Bhakra Nangal Dam is called as Govind Sagar. Bhakra Nangal Dam benefits for irrigation for the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Delhi.
Ports and Harbors of India: 

1. Almost 90% of international trade of India is through the Harbors.

2. There are 13 Main Harbors and more than 190 Small Harbors are there in India.

3. The control of Main Harbors around the Country was undertaken by the Central Government. The management of Small harbors was undertaken by State Government.

4. Tamil Nadu has the most number of Major Harbors.

5. The major ports of eastern coasts were kolkata, Paradip,Vishakapattanam, Chennai, Ennore and Thoothukudi (Tuticorin).The major ports of Western Coasts were Kandla, Mumbai, Mormugao, New Mangalore and Kochi.

6. The Kandla in Gujarat is built in 1950 is a seaport in Kutch District of Gujarat.

7. Mumbai is the natural friendly harbour.

8. Dock is an area of water that is used for loading and repairing the ships. The dock of Mumbai harbour is known in the name Indira, Prince and Victoria.

9. Jawaharlal Nehru Harbour is the biggest and busiest Harbor in India, located at Mumbai. It is also known in the name of Nhava Sheva.

10. Mormugao is located in Goa.The export of Iron ore from India to other countries is mainly transported through Mormugoa Seaport.

11. The alang is the major ship breaking yard of world, located in Gujarat. It is also known as the "cemetery of ships".

12. New Mangalore Port Trust came into existence in Mangalapuram of Karnataka in 1974.

13. Kochi is considered as one among the eco-friendly seaports in India. It was after the flood of Periyar Rive in 1341, Cochin Harbor is formed.

14. Kochi is considered as the "Queen of Arabian Sea" and it was stated by RK Shanmugham, who was the dewan of Kochi at that time. The container Ship named "President Tailor" reached kochi in 1973. It was for the first time in Indian history where a container ship reached a Harbor.

15. The main architect of modern Cochin Harbor is the British Engineer, Sir Robert Bristow. The modern harbor of Cochin was inaugrated in May 26, 1928. The wellington island was formed from the dipped soil of Kochi Harbor.

16. The "Thoothukudi" of Tamil Nadu is one of the most oldest harbor of the world.

17. Chennai is the one of the busiest seaport trust in India. Ennore is another

18. Eco friendly harbor in India located at North of Chennai. The deepest Harbor of India is located at Vishakhapattanam of Andhra Pradesh. It was established in 1933.

19. Paradip Port is the major seaport of Orissa. It was started in 1964 and is located between the artificial lakes.

20. Kolkata is the river side Harbor in West Bengal. The kolkata port had haldia and Dock. kolkata city is situated on the banks of Hooghly river.

21. Port of Pipavav of gujarat is the first private harbour of India.

22. Mundra port in gujarat is the biggest private Harbor of India.

23. It was in 2008, July the biggest private Harbor krishnapatnam port in Andhra Pradesh came into existence.

24. There are seventeen small seaports and a major seaport in Kerala. Fort Kochi is the major seaport.

25. An international Harbor in vizhinjam is also planned and is in the beginning stage of construction.
Boundaries of India:

1. India shares boundaries with seven countries. They are Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmmar, Bhutan and Afganistan. The biggest country that share boundary with India is china and the smallest country that share boundary is Bhutan.

2. Bangladesh is the neighboring country that share more boundary that other countries and is about 4096.7 km. India share 3488 km with china, whereas 3323 km with Pakistan. Afghanistan is the country that shares least boundary with India. 15,1096 km is the total land boundary of India.

3. Radcliffe Line is the boundary line that splits Pakistan and India. Mac Mohan Line splits China and India. Durant Line is the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. Palk Strait splits India and Srilanka.

4. Jammu and Kashmir is the state in India that shares its boundary with Most Countries.Uttar Pradesh is the state that shares boundary with most states of India. Sikkim and Meghalaya are the states that shares with only one neighboring State. ie, Sikkim with with West Bengal and Meghalaya with Assam.

5. The only district in kerala that shares boundary with neighbouring state is Wayanad. Sulthan Bathery is the only taluk in Kerala, that shares boundary with two states - Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

6. Kottayam is the only district in Kerala that have no sea coast and also no boundary the neighboring state of India.  

7. The Union Territory of India that is located inside the three states is Puducherry.

8. The 49th parallel line splits both USA and Canada. It ia also the lengthiest boundary between two countries in the world. The 16th parallel line splits both Namibia and Angola. The 38th parallel line splits both South Korea and North Korea.
1. It was in the notable work of Kalidasa, that mentioned "For the countries, Rivers are like Mothers". Ganga is the largest river of India. Almost 8 percent of world population lives in the banks of river Ganga. The central government declared Ganga as National river in 2008, November.

2. The rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda merges in Devaprayag of Uttarakhand to form the River Ganga. It was in Allahabad of Uttar Pradesh, Triveni Sangam occurs. Here in this Triveni Sangam, Ganga and Yamuna merges. Also it is believed that the river Saraswathy also merges with ganga and yamuna in the underground of Triveni Sangamam.

3. The biggest Tributaries of Ganga river is Yamuna. The river yamuna is mentioned in the holy book of Hindu as 'Kalindi".

4. Bhramaputra is early known in the name of Lauhitya. Bhramaputra is called as "Tsangpo" in Tibet and Dihing in Arunachal Pradesh. River Ganga flowing through Bangladesh is called as "Padma" whereas the river brahmaputra flowing through Bangladesh is called as Jamuna.

5. The biggest river that flowing towards the western part of India is River Narmada. It origins from Amarkantak hills of Madhya Pradesh.

6. Godavari is called as Vridh Ganga, which is also the biggest river in South India. It is believed that Godavari is older than Ganga.

7. The Krishna River origins from the Mahaballeshwar of Maharashtra is the second largest river of South India. Tungabadhra is the subriver of Krishna. Kaveri is called as "Dakshin Ganga". It falls into Bay of Bengal in Poompuhar of Tamil Nadu.

8. The river "Damodhar" is called as the "Sad of Bengal".

9. Kosi River is called as Sad of Bihar.

10. Mahanadhi is called as the Sad of Orissa and the river Brahmaputra is called as the sad of Assam.

11. Teesta is the river that has the highest speed of flow among all other rivers. Teesta River is also called as lifeline of Sikkim.

12. Mandodari river is called as the lifeline of Goa. Panaji of Goa is located on the banks of river Mandodari.

13. Mahakali otherwise called as Sharda is the River that flows through the boundaries of both India and Nepal.

14. Bhramaputra is called as the Red river of India. The Luni river is flowing through the desert of India.

15. Ahmedabad and Gandhi Nagar are the cities located on the banks of river, Sabarmathi. Netravati River origins at Gangamoola (Karnataka) is flowing through Mangalapuram.

16. Mithi River also called as Mahim River in Salsette Island of Mumbai. Adyar and Cooum are the rivers flowing through Chennai.

17. Ayodhya city is located on the banks of Sarayu river. Kolkata is located on the banks of river hooghly whereas Cuttack is located on the banks of river, Mahanadhi. Delhi and Agra is located on the banks of Yamuna.

18. Hyderabad is located on the banks of Musi River. Nashik on Godavari, Sreenagar on Jhelum, Surat on Tapti River and Lucknow on Gomati banks.

19. The Jhelum river is flowing through the woolar lake of Kashmir. Sardar Sarovar Dam is built across Narmada whereas Tehri Dam across Bhagirathi River.

20. The Shipra river, also called as Kshipra is flowing through Ujjain City.

21. The biggest waterfalls of India is Jog Falls, which is located on the Sharavathi river that originates and flows entirely within Karnataka.

22. The National River of Pakisthan is Sindhu.

23. It was from the niranjana river, flowing through Bodh Gaya, buddha attained peace and nirvana.

Cities on River Banks::

No:
City

River
01
Agra
Yamuna
02
Ahmedabad
Sabarmati
03
Ayodhya
Sarayu
04
Badrinath
Alakananda
05
Calcutta
Hooghly
06
Cuttack
Mahanadhi
07
Delhi
Yamuna
08
Ferozpur
Sutlej
09
Guvahati
Brahmaputra
10
Haridwar
Ganga
11
Hyderabad
Musi
12
Jabalpur
Narmada
13
Kanpur
Ganga
14
Kota
Chambal
15
Lucknow
Gomati
16
Ludhiyana
Sutlej
17
Nashik
Godavari
18
Patna
Ganga
19
Sambalpur
Mahanadhi
20
Sri Nagar
Jhelum
21
Thiruchirapalli
Kaveri
22
Varanasi
Ganga
23
Vijayawada
Krishna

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