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PSC Class 10: World Wars

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First World War: The First World War was occurred in 1914 to 1918. The sudden reason for First World War is the assassination of Arch Duke of Austria, Ferdinand. The war was fought between Central Powers and Allied Powers. Germany, Austria, Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria were the Central Powers and Britain, France, Belgium, Serbia, Russia were the Allied Powers. The First World War ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Allied Powers overpowered Central Powers and became the victors of First World War. This treaty later led to the formation of League of Nations. Germany suffered most deaths in First World War.

Second World War: Second World War started in 1939 and ended in 1945. The reason for outbreak of Second World War is the formation of Nazi Party and Versailles Treaty. The war was fought between Axis Powers and Allied Powers. Germany, Italy, Japan, belongs to Axis powers and Britain, France, Russia and America belongs to Allied powers. The main reason of sudden outbreak of war is Hitler’s attack on Poland. The war which had given the most wanted victory for Allied power ended in August 14, 1945. Italy is the first country to accept defeat and Japan is the last country to accept defeat in world war. Soviet Union suffered most deaths in Second World War (2 crore). Poland is the second country which suffered most deaths.

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