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PSC Class 65: India – Selected Questions

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1. In what basis, Indian Standard Time is calculated?
The Local time of India is calculated based on – 82.5 degree Eastern Longitude. Indian Standard Time is five and a half hours more than Greenwich Meridian Time. The longitude against Indian Standard Time is passing through the Allahabad of Uttar Pradesh. The Official matters related to Indian Standard Time are managed by the National Physical Laboratory of New Delhi.

2. What is ‘Year of Great Divide’?
The year which is known as the ‘Year of Great Divide’ is 1921. It is the only year in which the census of Indian Population declined when compared with pre-census.

3. What are official symbols of India?
National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana, National Song – Vande Mataram, National Emblem– Asoka Emblem, National Calendar – Saka Year, National Bird – Peacock, National Animal – Tiger, National Flower – Lotus, National Fruit – Mango, National River – Ganga, National Water Being – Ganga Dolphin.

4. Who is the sculptor of India’s National Flag?
Pingali Venkayya. He was born in Andhra Pradesh. It was in 1947 July 22, the constituent assembly accepted the three coloured flag in 1947 July 22. The ratio of National flag’s length and breadth is 3:2.

5. Which is the only approved Flag making place of India?
The only approved Flag making place of India is Hubli of Karnataka. It was only from Khadi cloth, there is permission for making National Flag.

6. From where, the national emblem of India is borrowed?
The national emblem of India was the adaption of the Sarnath Lion of the Asoka Pillar in Uttar Pradesh, where Sree Buddha had given the message for first time. It was approved in 1950 January 26. Beneath the National Emblem, ‘Satyameva Jayathe’ is written in Devanagri Script. It was the sentence take from Mundakopanishad.

7. Who gave the current music of National Anthem of India?
The current music of National Anthem of India was given by – Captain Ram Singh Thakur. It is tuned in Sankarabharanam Music. National Anthem song were accepted by constituent assembly in 1950 January 24.

8. Which is the national animal of India before Tiger?
The national animal of India before tiger is lion. It was in 1972 November, Tiger is declared as National Animal. It was in 1964, Peacock is declared as National Bird.

9. What is the major geographical line passes through India?
The major geographical line that passes through India is Tropic of Cancer. It is passing through eight states – Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.

10. What is the southernmost of India?
Indira Point, which is the south of Andaman Nicobar is considered as India’s southernmost. It was in Great Nicobar Islands.

11. What is ‘Nine Degree Channel’?
‘Nine Degree Channel’ is the little strait which splits the Minicoy of Lakshadweep from other islands. Duncan Passage splits both South Andaman and Little Andaman.

12. Which ocean is called as ‘Ratnakara’ in vedic period?
The ocean, which is called as ‘Ratnakara’ in Vedic Period is Indian Ocean. In the ancient period, Arabian Sea is called as Sindhu Sagar. Chola Lake is the older name of Bay of Bengal.

13. Where is Nathula Pass?
Nathula Pass connects both Sikkim and Tibet. Due to India-China war, it was closed in 1962 and was reopened in 2006 July. Zojila Pass connects both Ladakh and Srinagar.

14. What are the countries which is connected by Khyber Pass?
Khyber Pass connects both Pakistan and Afganistan. It was in the Hindu kush Montain range.

15. What is the name of the southeastern coast region of Indian Subcontinent?
Coromandel Coast is the southeastern coast region of Indian Subcontinent. It spread across the Andra Pradesh, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu. Kongana Coast is in the western part of Western coast. Southern Part is Malabar Coast.

16. What is Rann of Kutch?
Rann of Kutch is the seasonal salt marsh located in the Thar Desert in the Kutch District of Gujarat. Sir Creek and Kori Creek were the regions of Rann of Kutch.

17. In which state, Thar Desert is located?
Thar Desert was mainly in the state of Rajasthan (61 percent). It is the biggest desert of India. It is known in the names of Cholistan desert and Nara Desert in Pakistan. Thar desert is spread across the states of Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana.

18. Which are the countries signed in Indus River Valley Project?
Indus River Valley project was between the countries of India and Pakistan. It was the bond signed in Karachi in 1960 September 19.

19. What is the biggest tributary river of Indus?
Sutlej is the biggest tributary river of Indus in India. It is also the southernmost tributary river of Indus. Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Biyas were the other important tributary rivers of Indus flowing in India. Ravi is the river of Lahore.

20. What are the main dams of Kaveri River?
Krishnaraja Sagar (Karnataka) and Mettur Dam (Tamil Nadu) were the main dams of river Kaveri.

21. When the final judgment of Cauvery river water was made?
The final judgment of Cauvery river water dispute tribunal was made in 2007 February 5.  According to it, from the total water of Cauvery and all tributaries, tamil nadu would get 419 TMC, Karnataka get 270 TMC, Kerala get 30 TMC and Puducherry get 7 TMC.

22. What are the major dams of Krishna river?
The major dams of Krishna river were Basavasagar (Karnataka), Sree Shailam (Andhra Pradesh), Almatti (Karnataka) and Nagarjuna Sagar (Andhra Pradesh).

23. What is the first national park of India?
The first national park of India is Jimcorbett National Park of Uttarakhand. It was earlier known in the names of Haili National Park and Ramganga.

24. Which is the state having least forest area in India?
Haryana is the state which has least forest area in India.

25. Which is the first Biosphere Reserve of India?
Niligiri (1986 August 1) is the first Biosphere Reserve of India. There are a total of 15 Biosphere Reserves in India.

26. When was Project Elephant started?
Project Elephant was started in 1992 February.

27. Which is the oldest zoo of India?
The oldest zoo of India is Marble Palace Zoo, which is established in 1854. Sree Venkateswara Zoological Park is located in Tirupati of Andhra Pradesh. Nehru Zoological Park is located in Hyderabad. Nandan Canan, which is famous for white tigers, is in Bhubaneswar of Orissa.

28. Where is the headquarters of Botanical Survey of India?
The headquarters of Botanical Survey of India is Kolkata. It is established in 1890 February. The headquarters of zoological survey of India which came into existence in 1916 is Kolkata.

29. Which is the biggest Botanical Garden of India?
The biggest Botanical Garden of India is Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanical Garden in Howrah of West Bengal. Earlier it is called as Indian Botanical Garden. It is generally known in the name of Kolkata Botanical Garden.

30. Where is Lal Bag?
Lal Bag is a botanical garden of Bangalore. It started its construction in 1760 by Hyder Ali. The famous Glasshouse was inside it.

31. Which is the first national water way of India?
The first national water way of India is Allahabad – Haldia. It was declared as National Waterway in 1986. Sadia – Dubri is second and the third is Kollam – Kottapuram National Waterway (Kerala).

32. When was Airways nationalized?
The year in which the Airways was nationalized in India is 1953 August 1.

33. Who is the father of Indian Airways?
The father of Indian Airways is JRD Tatta. He was born in Paris in 1904.

34. Who is the first women pilot of India?
The first women pilot of India is Urmila K Parikh. Prem Mathur is the first women commercial Pilot.

35. Which is the first atomic electricity station of India?
Tharapur Atomic Power Station is the first atomic electricity station of India. It was in Maharashtra, it started its working in 1969.

36. What are the main sources of electricity in India?
The main electricity source of India is Thermal Electric Power Plants. Seventy Percent of total electricity production of India was from Thermal Plants. Twenty five percent was from Hydro electric Plants and 3.4 percent is from Nuclear Plants.

37. Which is the first hydro electric plant of India?
Sindrapong is the first hydro electric plant of India. It is near to Darjeeling. It was inaugurated in 1897 November.

38. What is Photo Voltaic Technical Knowledge?
The technical knowledge of producing electricity from sunlight is known as Photo Voltaic Technical Knowledge. The biggest solar energy center of India is in Madhapar near Bhuj of Gujarat.

39. When was BARC established?
BARC was established in 1957. Its full name is Baba Atomic Research Center. It is one of the famous Atomic Research centers of India.

40. What is the first atomic research reactor of India?
Apsara is the first atomic research reactor of India. It is also the first reactor of its kind in Asia. It started its working in 1956 August 4.

41. When was ISRO established?
ISRO was established in 1969 August 15. Its headquarters was in Antariksh Bhavan of Bangalore.

42. When was Coast Guard, came into existence?
Coast Guard came into existence in 1978 August 19. It is not a Semi Armal Section. The motto is ‘Vayam Rakshamah’.

43. When was first population census conducted scientifically in India?
The first population census conducted scientifically in India was in 1872. The census was first conducted in India in 1881 under the Viceroy Rippon. The population calculation between the intervals of ten years is called as ‘Kaneshumari’.

44. What are the main harvesting seasons of India?
The main harvesting seasons of India were Kharif, Rabi and Sayyid. The agriculture started in the month of June – July and the harvest in the month of September – October is called as Kharif crops. Paddy, Maize, Cotton, Jover, Bajra, Ragi and Chana were the famous Kharif crops. Rabi is the agriculture depending the winter season. Wheat, Barley, Mustard and Pulses were examples. Sayyid is winter season agriculture. Fruits and Vegetables were examples.

45. Who is called as the father of modern industry in India?
Jamshedji Tata is called as the father of modern industry in India. He took the steps for the establishment of Indian Institute of Science.

46. When was Life Insurance area of India nationalized?
The year in which the nationalization of Life Insurance area of India is happen in 1956, January 1. It was in 1956 June 19, Parliament passed the Life Insurance Co-operation Act. After that, Life Insurance Co-operation of India was came into existence in 1956 September 1. The general insurance section was nationalized through the General Insurance Business Act of 1972 and it came into existence in 1973 January 1.

47. When was Indian Statistical Day?
June 29 is celebrated as Indian Statistical Day. It is the birthday of Professor Mahalanobis.

48. Which is the agency calculating the national income of India?
The agency, which is calculating the national income of India, is Central Statistical Organization. New Delhi was its headquarters. Preparation of national per – income reports, conduction of economic census, preparation of consumer price index were the major duties. The institution started its working in 1949.

49. When Investment Commission was came into existence?
Investment Commission came into existence in 2004 December. The aim is for preparing the atmosphere suited for investors in the country.

50. What is White Revolution?
White Revolution is for increasing the production of milk. White Revolution otherwise called as Operation Flood is the project held successfully by National Dairy Development Board with Anand of Gujarat as center for increasing the income of Dairy farmers. Varghese Kurian was the father of White Revolution. The first phase was between the periods, 1970 to 1980. The second phase was between the period, 1981 to 1985. The third phase of white revolution was in the period, 1985 to 1996.

51. What is National Rural Employment Guarantee Act?
National Rural Employment Programme was the establishment for making more income for a family by increasing the job opportunities for 100 days per year. Parliament passed the National Rural Employment Programme law in 2005 August 23. The inauguration of project was done in Bandlapalli village of Andhra Pradesh by Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh and Sonia Gandhi in 2006 February 2. The project came into existence in all districts of country from 2008 April 1 onwards. The project had given the name of Mahatma Gandhi.

52. Whose idea is the formation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Act?
It was the economic expert, Jacques Dryse whose idea led to the formation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. He was the Honorary Professor of Delhi School of Economics. He was a native of Belgium.

53. List the countries, top in Agricultural Production?
The countries, which is top in Agricultural Production were Apple – China, Banana – India, Paddy – China, Wheat – China, Barley – Russia, Tea – China, Grapes – China, Carrot – China, Cashew Nut – Vietnam, Coffee – Brazil, Tapioca – Nigeria, Ginger – China, Hen Egg – China, Maize – USA, Pepper – Vietnam, Orange – Brazil, Rubber – Thailand, Mango – India, Potato – China, Sugar Cane – Brazil, Tobacco – China and Chanam--- - India.

54. Which is the country that brings the most foreign investment in India?
The country that brings the most foreign investment in India is Mauritius. About 37 percent of total investment to India was from Mauritius.  USA was in second place.

55. What is Special Drawing Rights?
Special Drawing Rights (SDR) was the special currency of International Monetary Fund. It is known in the name of Paper Gold.

56. Which is the first independent industrial area of India?
The Kandla of Gujarat is the first independent industrial area of India. It is also known as Independent International Trade Zone. It was started in Kandala in 1965. It is the first establishment of its kind in Asia.

57. When the highest inflation rate of India was is recorded?
The year in which highest Inflation of India is recorded was in the year 1974 – 75. The inflation rate during this period is 25.2. The continuous hike of products and through it, the price deduction of Currency results in Inflation.

58. Which state is in number one position for Primary Youth Development Index?
According to Primary Youth Development Index prepared in 2010, Himachal Pradesh is in number one position.

59. Which is the first Life Insurance Institution of India?
The first life insurance institution of India is Oriental Life Insurance Company started by British in Kolkata in 1818. Bombay Mutual Life Assurance Society started in Mumbai in 1870 is the first insurance institution of Indians.

60. Who was the father of Indian Planning?
M. Vishweshwaraiah is the father of Indian Planning. ‘Plant Economy for India’ is the work of him.

61. Which are the different Agricultural revolts of India?
The different Agricultural revolts of India were Green Revolution (Food Grains), White Revolution (Milk), Yellow Revolution (Oil Seeds), Blue Revolution (Fish), Grey Revolution (Fertilizers) and Silver Revolution (Egg).

62. When ITDC came into existence?
Indian Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC) came into existence in 1966 October.

63. When National Education Commission came into existence?
National Education Commission came into existence in 2005 June 13. It was the High authority advising council of Prime minister. The working period was between 2005 October 2 to 2008 October 2. After that, it is extended to 2009 March. “Report to the Nation” is the report submitted to commission in 2009. The commission, which has chairman as Sam Pitroda has also other seven members.

64. What is National Identification Authority?
The National Identification Authority – National Identification Authority of India is the huge establishment for giving the identity card to all citizens of country. The central government formed the authority in 2009 February. The earlier vice chairman of Infosys – Nandan Nilekani is the authority chairman. The National Identification Authority was valued as the biggest information collecting establishment of World.

65. What is National Investigation Agency?
 National Investigation Agency is the special agency formed by central government to face the terrorist activities. The related bill was presented in parliament in 2008 December 16. The working was started in 2009 January 1 with Delhi as its center. The first director general of Agency is a malayalee, Radha Vinod Raju. Besides Terrorism, Black Money, Tunnel Money (Hawala), Brown Sugar, Smuggling and other crimes were included under the inquiring limit of this agency. Without the permission from state government, the agency has the power to enter in inquiries.

66. When was Mumbai Terrorist Attack occurred?
Mumbai Terrorist Attack was in 2008 November 26. More than 200 were died. Operation Black Tornado and Operation Cyclone were performed for vanishing the terrorists.

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