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PSC Class 85: Ancient Indian History Basics

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1. Alexander Cunningham is considered as the father of Indian Archaeology Science.

2. Indus valley culture got its name after the mention of Sir John Marshall.

3. Archaeological Survey of India was established in 1904.

4. Indian Archaeological Research Department was started by Lord Curzon.

5. The Indus valley region, which is believed to be devastated in the flood is Mohenjadaro.

6. The Indus valley region, which became famous due to its paths made from bricks, two floor construction built from bricks and clear sewage system is Mohenjadaro.

7. It was in the state of Gujarat, most of the Indus Valley centers of India were seen.

8. Pashupati is the man god devoted by Indus Civilians.

9. Mother Goddess is the women goddess devoted by Indus civilians.

10. Ox (Bull) is the animal devoted by Indus People.

11. The animal which is unknown to Indus people is horse.

12. Iron is the metal unknown to Indus People.

13. 16 is the number mostly used by Indus People.

14. Copper was first used by the inhabitors of Indus Valley in the world.

15. Aryans first inhabited in Punjab of India.

16. Fire is the first god mentioned in Rig Veda.

17. The biggest Buddhist sculpt of world is Lhasa of Tibet.

18. Tawang Buddha Sculpt is located in Arunachal Pradesh.

19. The most followers of Buddha religion were in China.

20. ‘Bamiyan’ which is famous for Buddha sculptures were in Afghanistan.

21. The King of Gouda, who cut the Bodhi tree of Bodhgaya is Shashankan.

22. Jataka Stories mentions the history and life of Buddha.

23. There are 500 stories in Jataka Tales.

24. The cave paintings of Ajanta – Ellora reflects the life history of Buddha (Jataka Tales).

25. The Ajanta – Ellora cave temples is famous for cave paintings, which is located in Aurangabad (Maharashtra).

26. Bimbisara is the Magadha king during Buddha’s period.

27. Ajatashatru is the Magadha king when Buddha lost his life.

28. Ardha Magadhi is the language spoken by Buddha to Common People.

29. Anandan is the favorite student of Buddha.

30. Jamali is the favorite student of of Vardhamana Mahavira.

31. Alexander attacked India in BC 326.

32. Cyrus II of Persia is the first foreign fighter to attack India.

33. It was Alexander and Porus in BC 326 fought in Hydaspes War.

34. Aristotle is the teacher of Alexander.

35. Bucephalus is the famous horse of Alexander.

36. Alexander is the king of Macedonia.

37. Alexander died in Babylonia in BC 323.

38. Alexander’s age is 33, when passed away.

39. Alexander's last words - “My physicians alone must carry my coffin.”, “Bury my body, do not build any monument, keep my hands outside so that the world knows the person who won the world had nothing in his hands when dying“.

40. The famous Royal dynasty who ruled Magadha during Alexander’s Indian attack is Nanda Raja Dynasty.

41. The famous Royal dynasty who rued Magadha before Maurya Dynasty is Nandaraja Dynasty.

42. The founder of Nandaraja Dynasty  is Mahapadma Nanda.

43. The Nanda King who ruled Magadha during the Alexander’s attack of india is Dhana Nanda.

44. Chandragupta Maurya defeated the Nanda king , Dhana Nanda and established the Maurya Dynasty.

45. Silver coins were released in large quantity for the first time in India, during the rule of Chandra Gupta Maurya.

46. The ruler who started the system of Kaneshumari in Ancient India is Chandra Gupta Maurya.

47. It was Bindusara, who came to power after Chandra Gupta Maurya.

48. The most famous Maurya King who was the son of Bindusara is Asoka.

49. The widespread of Buddha religion in India is happened during Asoka’s period.

50. The childrens of Asoka , who spread Buddha religion in Cylon is Sanghamitta (daughter) and Mahindran.

51. The national emblem of India ‘Symbol Lion’ is accepted from the Asoka sculpt founded by Asoka in Sarnath (UP).

52. The last Maurya king is Brihadratha.

53. The founder of Sunga Dynasty , who defeated the last Maurya king, Brihadratha is Pushyamitra Sunga.

54. The king who ruled North India with it’s capital outside India is Kanishka.

55. It was during the period of Kanishka, the Ayurveda experts Charaka and Sushruta is lived.

56. Ashvaghosha, Nagarjuna and Vasumitra were the famous Experts who ornamented the Kanishka’s court.

57. The Kushana King who motivated the most of Gandhara art form (Indo Greek Art form) is Kanishka.

58. Ashvaghosha is the writer of script “Buddhacarita”.

59. The writer of “Mahavibhasha”, which is called as Encyclopedia of Buddha religion is Vasumitra.

60. The king who fixed the image of Sri Buddha for first time in coins is Kanishka.

61. The official language of Gupta Empire is Garuda.

62. Prayag is the capital of Gupta Empire.

63. The Gupta King who ruled Empire with Ujjain as capital is Chandragupta II.

64. Kalidasa wrote the great poems, Raghuvamsa and Kumarasambhava.

65. Skandagupta is the last Gupta King.

66. It was during Gupta Period, the work and construction of cave paintings like Ajanta and Ellora were done.

67. The completion of works including Epics and Vedas in current form is happened in Gupta Period.

68. The reason for destruction of Gupta Empire is the attack of Hunas.

69. The Ayurveda experts lived in Gupta Period is Vagbhata and Dhanvantri.

70. The writer of Natya Shastra is Bharata Muni.

71. Buddha is Enlightened in Gaya of Bihar.

72. The Kurushetra in which Mahabharatha war is occurred was in Haryana.

73. The royal dynasty who released Gold coins in India for first time is Kushana Dynasty.

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