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PSC Class 103: Parliament of India

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1. The biggest law making assembly of India is Parliament, which constitutes President, Lok Sabha, and Rajya Sabha.
2. The Parliamentary Set up of India is like British and it is located in New Delhi.
3. Edwin Lutens and Herbert Bakes are the architects who designed the model of Parliament. The stone laying for the inauguration of constructing parliament was made in 1921 February 12. The construction was completed in 1927 January 18 after 6 years.
4. The inauguration of parliament building was made by the then Indian Viceroy, Lord Irwin. The area of Parliament compound is about 6 Acres. There are 12 doors for entry into the parliament. The central hall is located in the middle of parliament mandir. It was in central hall, the transfer of british governance to Indians took place and was in 1947 August 15.
5. The area of Lok Sabha Hall in Parliament is 446 square meter. The seats in lok sabha are arranged in the manner of Horse Shed. There are around 550 seats for the members of Lok Sabha. The floor is covered with green color carpet in Lok Sabha. The members of  ruling party is seated in right side, whereas opposition party members is seated in left side of Lok Sabha.
6. Red colored carpet is covered in the floors of Rajya Sabha. There are around 250 seats for the members in Rajya Sabha. The seats in Rajya Sabha are arranged in the manner of Semi Circle.
7. The members of Rajya Sabha were elected directly by the people. The duration of each member of Lok Sabha is five years. The meeting in Lok Sabha is organized once between six months. Speaker is the chairperson of Lok Sabha.
8. President can arrange the joined meeting of both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
9. Lok Sabha Speaker is the chairperson of joined meeting of both members of Lok Sabha and Parliament. The minimum age for becoming the member of Lok Sabha is 25. Only president has the power to dismiss the assembly of Lok Sabha. GV Mavlanger is the first Lok Sabha speaker of parliament.
10. Proterm Speaker is the chairperson of first meeting of newly elected Lok Sabha members. Normally the person having high age among the elected members is appointed as Pro-term Speaker.
11. President would appoint the Proterm Speaker.
12. Deputy Speaker is the assistant chairperson of Lok Sabha.
13. Anantha Shayanam Iyengar is the first Lok Sabha Deputy Speaker. Budgets were presented in Lok Sabha.
14. The total members of Lok Sabha can accommodate is 552. Currently there are 545 members in Lok Sabha.
15. President will nominate two Anglo Indians for each Lok Sabha Assembly.
16. Lok Sabha came into existence in 1952 April 17. The first meeting was conducted in 1952 May 13. Rajya Sabha is the continuous assembly of Parliament and it cannot be dismissed. Six years is the duration of each Rajya Sabha assembly.
17. The total members of Rajya Sabha are 250. Of these 250 members, 12 members were nominated by the president. It was in 1952 April 3, Rajya Sabha came into existence.

President of India:

1. President is considered as the first citizen of Nation. One has to complete his 35 years of age for becoming President. Five years is the period of President. President is considered as the national leader for all defense army including militant, navel and air force. Indian President is elected by the members of legislative assemblies of each state.

2. In case, a president lost his power, the next president should be elected within 6 months after losing Ex-president’s power. President should submit his resignation letter to vice president. Newly elected president should take his pledge (affidavit) in front of chief justice of Supreme Court. Rashtrapati Bhavan (President House) is the official residence of an Indian President. Mughal Garden is located inside the compound of Rashtrapati Bhavan. Edwin Lutens is the chief architect of Rashtrapati Bhavan. There are 340 rooms inside Rashtrapati Bhavan. Impeachment is the act involved for dismissing the power of President.

Presidents and their Importance:

1. Dr.S. Radhakrishnan is the only president who is considered as Philosopher. Dr Rajendra Prasad is the only president who became president consecutively for two times. Dr. Zakir Hussain is the first Muslim president of India. He is also the first president, who passed away while serving as President. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy is the least aged president of India and he is also the only president who became Lok Sabha Speaker. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy is the first president who won the election without any opposition.
2. R. Venkat Raman is the most aged President till now.
3. VV.Giri is the president who won the election for least difference of votes from runner up. He is also the first acting president of India. Pratibha Patil is the first women president of India.

Vice President:

The minimum age required for becoming Indian vice president is 35 years. The ruling period of vice president is 5 years. Vice president serves the duties of president on his absence. Vice president is elected by all the members of both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. President is the chair person of Rajya Sabha. Newly elected vice president would take his pledge in front of president. There is no special act mentioned in Indian constitution for dismissing vice president.

Women in Lok Sabha:

1. Indira Gandhi is the Indian women who became prime minister for four times.
2. Sonia Gandhi is the first women opposition leader of Indian Parliament. She became the opposition leader for INC during 13th lok sabha assembly from 1999.
3. 49 womens elected as members during 13th lok sabha assembly (1999) and it is also the highest women contributed lok sabha assembly.
4. 19 womens elected during 6th lok sabha assembly (1977) and it is the least women contributed assembly.

Monthly Income (till 2012):

President – 1,50,000
Vice President – 1,25,000
Governor – 1,10,000
Supreme Court Chief Justice – 1,00,000
High Court Chief Justice – 90,000
Supreme Court Judge – 90,000
High Court Judge – 80,000

Final Resting Place:

Raj Ghat - Mahatma Gandhi
Chaitanya Bhumi - Ambedkar
Abay Ghat - Morarji Desai
Shaktistal - Indira Gandhi
Veer Bhumi - Rajiv Gandhi
Nigam Bodhghat - Kishan Kanth
Shantivan – Jawaharlal Nehru
Vijay Ghat – Lal Bahdur Shastri
Ekata Stal (Karma Bhumi) – KR.Narayan
Ekata Stal – Gyani Sail Singh
Kisan Ghat – Charan Singh
Samata Stal – Jag Jeevan Ram
Ekata Stal – Shankar Dayal Sharma

Presidents and their periods:

Dr Rajendra Prasad – 1950 – 1961
Dr S. Radhakrishnan – 1962 – 1967
Dr Zakir Hussain – 1967 – 1969
VV.Giri – 1969 – 1974
Fakruddin Ali Ahmed – 1974 – 1977
Neelam Sanjeev Reddy – 1977 – 1982
Gyani Sail Singh – 1982 – 1987
R. Venkita Raman – 1987 – 1992
Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma – 1992 – 1997
KR. Narayanan – 1997 – 2002
Dr. APJ. Abdul Kalam – 2002 – 2007
Pratiba Patil – 2007 – 2012
Pranab Mukherjee – 2012 – continuing

Vice Presidents and their Periods:

Dr S. Radhakrishnan – 1952 – 1967
Dr Zakir Hussain – 1962 – 1967
VV. Giri – 1967 – 1969
Gopal Swaroop Patak – 1969 – 1974
BD Jetty – 1974 – 1979
Justice Muhammad Hidayatulla – 1979 – 1984
R. Venkita Raman – 1984 – 1987
Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma – 1987 – 1992
KR. Narayanan – 1992 – 1997
Krishnan Kanth – 1997 – 2002
Bairon Singh Shehavath – 2002 – 2007
Muhammad Hamid Ansari – 2007 – 2012

Acting Presidents:

VV.Giri – 3 May 1969 – 20 July 1969
Justice Muhammad Hidayatulla – 20 July 1969 – 24 August 1969 (only supreme court chief justice to handle this position)
BD.Jetty – 11 February 1977 – 25 July 1977

Period of Prime Ministers:

Jawaharlal Nehru – 1947 -1964
Gulzarilal Nanda (temporary) – 1964
Lal Bahadur Shastri – 1964 – 1966
Gulzarilal Nanda (temporary) – 1966
Indira Gandhi – 1966 – 1977
Morarji Desai – 1977 – 1979
Charan Singh – 1979 – 1980
Indira Gandhi – 1980 – 1984
Rajiv Gandhi – 1984 – 1989
VP Singh – 1989 – 1990
Chandra Sekhar – 1990 – 1991
PV.Narasimha Rao – 1991 – 1996
AB. Vajpayee – 1996
HD. Deva Gouda – 1996 – 1997
IK. Gujral – 1997 – 1998
AB. Vajpayee – 1998 – 2004
Dr. Manmohan Singh – 2004 – 2014
Narendra Modi – 2014 – continuing.

Lok Sabha Speaker:

1. Speaker is the chairperson of Lok Sabha Assembly.
2. Speaker is also the chairperson of all party organisations of parliament.
3. GMC. Balayogi is the lok sabha speaker who died on helicopter crash.
4.  Lok Sabha speaker will appoint the chairman of Parliamentary committee.
5. Mira Kumar is the first women lok sabha speaker.
6. Speaker and Deputy Speaker were elected by the lok sabha members.
7. Deputy speaker will handle the assembly matters in the absence of speaker.
8. Speaker would not lose hi position, whenever the assembly is dismissed. Speaker will continue his position till the next speaker is elected, after the first meeting of members of newly elected lok sabha assembly.
9. The position of speaker in assembly is an idea borrowed from British Politics.
10. Speaker will attest whether the bill presented in parliament is either money bill or not.

Electoral Commissioner:

1. The idea of Election for selecting members in Indian parliament is borrowed from british politics.
2. President will appoint the Electoral commissioner in India.
3. Electoral commissioner and his duties are mentioned in section 324 of Indian Constitution.
4. TN. Sheshan (born in Palakkad) is the keralite who became Indian Electoral Commissioner.
5. The official period of Electoral Commissioner is 6 years (age 65).
6. The official place of Indian Electoral commissioner is Nirvachan Sadan.
7. The act involved for dismissing Electoral Commissioner is Impeachment.
8. The only women who become Electoral commissioner of India is VS Ramadevi.
9. Central Electoral Commision came into existence in 1950 January 25.
10. January 25 is conducting as National Day.

Supreme Court of India:

1. Supreme Court is the highest justice court.
2. Warren Hestings is the governor general who worked for the progression of Supreme Court.
3. New Delhi is the place where Supreme Court is located.
4. Justice KG Balakrishnan is the first keralite to become the Supreme Court chief justice. He is the 37th chief justice of Supreme Court.
5. President will appoint the Supreme Court chief justice.
6. Supreme Court chief justice and judges would give their resignation letter to president. Also they would take their pledge in front of pledge infront of president during their appointment as judge or chief justice.
7. The age limit for Supreme Court judge to continue their service is 65.
8. Impeachment is the act involved for removing a Supreme Court judge from his position.
9. Justice V.Ramswamy is the first judge to face the impeachment act in Lok Sabha.
10. The sections from 124 to 147 in Indian Constitution mentions about the Supreme Court.
11. The civil cases on verbal fights for cashes above 20,000 would be handled by Supreme Court.
12. The sections 214 to 231 in Indian constitution mentions about High Court.
13. Guwahati High Court has the highest area to cover the cases in India. The court is handling cases from four states.
14. The cases from Andaman and Nicobar Islands were handled by Kolkata High Court.
15. The first Malayali Supreme Court Judge is P.Govinda Menon.
16. The family courts came into existence from 1986 onwards.
17. The first bar court of kerala was started in 2005 and it was in Kottarakara.
18. Currently there are 21 High courts in Kerala.
19. KT.Koshi is the first chief justice of Kerala High Court.
20. High Courts in India came into existence from 1862 onwards and it was in Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai.
21. BL.Rao, Nagendra Singh, RS Pataka are the Indians who became judges in International Justice Rights Court.
22. Justice Fathima Beevi is the first women judge of Supreme Court.
23. Leela Seth is the first high court chief justice.
24. The first women judge of India is a Malayali and her name is Anna Chandi.
25. Sujatha P.Manohar is the first women chief justice of Kerala High Court.
26. KK. Usha is the first malayali women to become justice of kerala high court.
27. The green bench court is first started in Kolkata High Court. The court will handle only environmental cases.

Opposition Leaders of India:

1. The opposition leaders of Parliament have the rank as sane as that of central cabinet ministers.
2. A political party would become a recognized opposition party in lok sabha only if they get one by tenth seat from total seats in Lok Sabha.
3. The persons who became both opposition leader and prime minister of India were Rajiv Gandhi, AB Vajpayee and PV Narasimha Rao.
4. The first recognized opposition leader of lok sabha, Dr Ram Subag Singh is the member of Society congress. He became opposition leader in 1969.
5. SN.Misra is the first recognized opposition leader of Rajya Sabha (1969 – 1971).
6. AK.Gopalan is the opposition leader of first lok sabha assembly. At that time, the opposition leader was not official.
7. SM Stephen (1978 April 12 – 1979 July) is the first malayali to become opposition leader of lok sabha.
8. YB Chawan (Congress) became opposition leader for two times in sixth lok sabha assembly.
9. Jag Jeevan Ram is also the opposition leader of sixth lok sabha assembly. He is leader of Janata Party.
10. AB.Vajpayee is the leader of BJP for 10th and 11th lok sabha Assembly. Thereby became the opposition leader for both assemblies.
11. PV.Narasimha Rao is the opposition leader from congress in 11th lok sabha assembly.
12. Sarath Pawar (congress) is the opposition leader of 12th lok sabha assembly.
13. Sardar Vallabhai Patel is the first vice prime minister of India. The position of vice prime minister not belongs to constitution.
14. Estimate committee is the biggest committee of parliament.
15. The unbelievable report against central ministry should only be presented in lok sabha.
16. The member strength of lok sabha should continue as same as now till 2026.
17. The least member strength of legislative assembly of each Indian state is 60. The legislative assembly of Sikkim, Goa and Mizoram is less than 60.
18. The maximum member strength of legislative assembly of an Indian state is 500.
The final decision for cases related to election of Indian president and vice president should be taken by Supreme Court.

First Ministry of Independent India:

Prime Minister – Jawaharlal Nehru
Vice Prime Minister – Sardar Vallabhai Patel
Cabinet – Sardar Vallabhai Patel
Defence – Baldev Singh
Railway – Dr John Mattai
Finance – RK Shanmugham Chetty
Trade – Shyam Prasad Mukherjee
Law – BR. Ambedkar
Education – Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad
Health – Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
Labour – Jag Jeevan Ram
Agriculture, Food – Dr. Rajendra Prasad

First in India:

President – Dr Rajendra Prasad
Vice President – Dr S. Radhakrishnan
Prime Minister – Jawaharlal Nehru
Electoral Commissioner – Sukumar Sen
Controller and Auditor General – Narahari Rao
Lok Sabha Speaker – GV Mavlanger
Recognized Opposition leader of Lok Sabha – Dr. Ram Suhang Singh
Deputy Speaker of Rajya Sabha – SV.Krishna Moorthy Rao
Supreme Court chief justice – Harilal J. Kaniya

UPSC, Economic Commission:

1. Union Public Service commission otherwise called as UPSC is known as watchman of merit system.
2. The period of members of UPSC is 65 years (6 years).
3. The sections 280 and 281 of Indian constitution mentions about the Economic Commission.
4. President will appoint economic commission after an interval of each 5 years.
5. Present Economic commission is 13th and its period is from 2010 to 2015.
6. KC. Niyogi is the chairman of first Economic commission and it came into existence in 1951.
7. Vijay Kelkar is the chairman of 13th economic commission.
8. The main duty of economic commission is submitting report on sharing tax between central and state governments.
9. YV.Reddy is the chairman of 14th economic commission. He is the ex-governor of reserve bank of India.


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