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PSC Class 106: Planning and Social Welfare

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Planning in India:

1. India had taken the model of Five year plans from earlier Soviet Union. Indian Planning Commission came into existence in 1950 March 15 and is not a constitutional company. The commission has the position as that of an Advisory Body.
2. The constitutional section that leads to the formation of Planning Commission is Directive Principles.
3. National Development Council would give the final permission for Five Year Plans. It came into existence in 1952 August.
4. Indian Prime Minister is the chairman of Planning Commission and National Development Council.
5. The biggest company after parliament to take planning decisions is National Development Council.
6. The central cabinet would appoint the members and vice president of Planning Commission.
7. Poverty Level of India is decided by the Planning commission. Planning commission would submit their draft report to central cabinet.
8. M. Visvesvaraya is known as the father of Indian Planning Commission. “Planned Economy of India” is the work of him.
9. The period of first five year plan in India is between, 1951 to 1956. The plan was aimed on Agricultural Sector.
10. The second five year plan was aimed on Trade sector.
11. It was during first planning period in 1952, family planning in India was started. Also the National Extension service and community development programme was started during first planning period.
12. The “Annual Plans” in India was conducted during the periods, 1966 to 1969 and 1990 to 1992. The “Rolling Plans” in India is conducted during the period, 1978 to 1979 and  was during the rule of Janata Government.
13. The “Green Revolution” in India is started during the conduction of Annual Plans in between 1966 to 1969. C. Subramaniam was the central agricultural minister during that time.
14. Third Planning aimed on Transport and communication sectors. It was during the sixth planning in between 1980 to 1985, Reducing Poverty was declared as its sole aim.  Seventh planning aimed on Energy sector. Ninth planning aimed on social justice and growth on equality.
15. Eight percent is the annual growth rate aimed during tenth planning period in between 2002 to 2007. The economic growth during this period is 7.8 percent.
16. The eleventh period during 2007 – 2012, aimed on ten percent growth of cabinet production (GDP).
17. June 29 is celebrated as National Statistical day in India. It was the birth date of Mahalanobis.
18. Montek Singh Ahluwalia is the 24th vice president of planning commission.
19. Gulzarilal Nanda is the first vice president of planning commission. Jawaharlal Nehru is the first president of planning commission.
20. Chief Minister is the chairman of State Planning commission.

Rural Development Projects:

1. Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) – 1993-94
2. Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) – 1993
3. Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY) – 1989
4. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) – 1980
5. National Rural Employment Programme (NREP) – 1980
6. Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) – 1989
7. Development of women and children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) – 1983-84
8. Million Well Project – 1988-89
9. Rural-Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) – 1983-84
10. Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) – 2001
11. Indhira Awas Yojana – 1985-86
12. Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) – 1995-96
13. Attapadi Bio Development Project – 1996
14. Prime Minister’s Gram Sadak Yojana – 2000-01
15. Puravishkrita Kendra Grama Shuchitva Programme - 1994

Social Welfare:

1. Punjab is the least Poverty State.
2. It was in 2006 October 26, abolishment of attack against women in home came into existence.
3. Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) started in 1999 April 1.
4. IRDP, Trisam, Ten lakh well project, Ganga Kalyan Yojana, DWDRA, Gramin Handicraft equipments project etc were merged and started a gramin poverty reduction project called SGSY.
5. The first district in India to achieve the goal of bank account for all families is Palakkad.
6. The prime minister who declared the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) is Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It is a village job giving project.
7. Kerala Village Development Institute is located at Kottarakkara of Kollam District.
8. Ernakulam is the first “Bachat District” of India.
9. Indira Gandhi raised the slogan “Garibi Hatao”.
10. PV.Narasimha Rao started “Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana”.
11. ICDS Project was started in Vengara in 1975 in kerala.
12. Juvenile Justice Act of 1986 came into existence in 1986 August 2.
13. Community Development Programme was started in India in 1952.
14. Mahatmagandhi started the Sevagram.
15. The founder of “Srinikatan Research” is Ravindranath Tagore.
16. FL.Brain established the Gargaon Start Up.
17. “Food as coolie for work” Project was started in the year 1977.
18. The Poverty Reduction Project called “Kudumbasree” was started in kerala in 1998 May 17.
19. The project started by Kudumbasree on reduction of unemployment is “Kerala Sree”.
20. The Kerala Land Amendment bill sanctioned in Legislative Assembly in 1963 November 4. (The law came into existence in 1970 January 1)
21. The Kerala Protection from Eviction Act came into existence in 1966 November 12.
22. The Lakh House Project was started by the Minister MN.Govinda Nair in 1972 May 14.
23. Kerala Farmer Employee Law came into existence in 1975 October 2.
24. Farmer Employee Pension was started in the year, 1980.
25. The people’s planning project started aimed on devolution was on 1996 August 17.
26. The “Five Year Plan” based on the subject “People planning” was conducted for 2 times in kerala and that was during ninth and eleventh plan.
27. The Kerala Development Project was conducted during the tenth planning period.
28. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act came into existence in 2005 September 7.
29. National Rural Employment Guarantee Project was started in 2006 February 2 in Andhra Project.
30. It was in 2008 April 1, the Gramin Employment projects was started in all districts of nation.
31. The new name of National Rural Employment Guarantee Project is Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Project.


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