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Chapter 57: Narada's guidance to Yudhisthira

Posted by Arun Mohan ~ on ~ 0 comments

As the Pandava fame spread far and wide, many kings from around the bharatvarsha and celestials visited Yudhishthira’s court where they were welcomed with good manners and respect by Pandavas. The divine sage Narada was one such visitor. Yudhishthira welcomed Narada. He offered Arghyam and paadyam to Narada and given him a convenient seat in the Mayasabha. They then discussed various matters on political administration. Then Narada instructed Yudhishthira on following the dharma, morals and virtues in his rule by giving some points and they are as follows.

1. Performing the job by following Dharma and morals.
2. Thinking twice on important matters at mid night in a peaceful atmosphere.
3. Employing people with steady mind and with good moral in important posts.
4. Employing efficient Brahmins who know the customs and vedas very well.
5. Preventing administrative secrets carefully without leakage.
6. Chief priest performing his duties efficiently by doing important sacrifices on time.
7. Employing faithful and capable persons as the Army Generals who does not betray him, since money and power always corrupt a man to become greedy.
8. Fixing good scientists for predicting the future events on earth and space matters.
9. Employing Doctors who perform their duties efficiently by serving the common people.
10. Employing experts in financial matters, who have the good knowledge in administrative and financial wing.
11. Employing persons by talent and ability from lower to upper categories.
12. Disbursing salaries to employees punctually in time to avoid sadness in their faces.
13. Recognizing the services of the persons who are working honestly for the kingdom.
14. Providing food and shelter to those families, who sacrificed their lives for sake in the battles.
15. Not sending persons with evil and greedy minded for discharging administrative duties.
16. Avoiding thefts, bribes and crimes in the city by punishing them.
17. Whether all the tanks in the city are filled with water and there should not have any shortage of water both for drinking and agricultural purposes.
18. Supplying seeds to all the poor farmers for raising crops.
19. Giving loans to citizens and farmers for low interest.
20. Extending help to handicapped like blind, deaf and dumb and also orphans.
21. Forgiving the enemy soldiers who are captured in war and giving them a new life by appointing them in the army.
22. Recognizing persons who extended their help to him.
23. Spending only one-third or only half from the revenues generated and keeping the remaining as reserve.
24. Employing persons with good virtues and honesty in treasuries and defense sectors and armory.
25. Taking care of older citizens, retired teachers, sculptors and others from different services by extending help to them for their livelihood in their old age.
26. Conducting assembly daily with ministers, army generals and discussing administrative matters.
27. Protecting himself, from the internal conflict and outside violence by keenly observing the actions of your enemies through the spies.
28. Administering justice equally for all people in the society, without any partial attitude.
29. Collecting up-to-date news regularly and sincerely running the administration.
30. Checking all the fields under his control, whether they are filled with food grains and crops. Also to check the armory space for arms and ammunition and also for groceries, drinking water, and fuel.
31. Checking the armies in the forts for confirming that they are occupied with weapons.
32. Conquering all the six inner enemies of any person, viz kama (lust), krodha (anger), lobha (greed), moha (attachment and delusion), madha (pride) and matsarya (jealousy).
33. Conquering the enemies having jealous, filled with pride, and inimically willing towards him always.
34. Trying all the possible methods for maintaining peace with enemies and also with those who are fixing wars against the kingdom.

Then Narada told Dharma Raja about 14 things not to be done by an honest king. They are as follows.

1. Non-believer in God.
2. Liar.
3. Lethargic.
4. Allow useless fellows for important discussions.
5. Get anger without a cause.
6. Allow Execution of works with delay and incurring extra costs.
7. Spend time unnecessarily in sorrow for the past events and bad performances.
8. Ignore talented persons.
9. Think illogically while planning important creative works.
10. Allow delay in carrying out the public works within the fixed period.
11. Leak official Secrets by officially announcing.
12. Ignore implementation of social welfare projects.
13. Always engage in sensual pleasures.
14. Lazy, sluggish, elusive and unwilling.

King Yudhisthira patiently and with great devotion heard all the instructions told by Sage Narada. He obediently replied that he will follow the instructions and never do injustice to anybody knowingly or unknowingly.


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