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Chapter 62: Financing the Rajasuya sacrifice

Posted by Arun Mohan ~ on ~ 0 comments

The one king obstacle in performing the Rajasuya, Jarasandha was eliminated. So now Yudhisthira can perform the Rajasuya sacrifice. But the next big question is the Finance for Rajasuya. An event of this size and importance would cost huge money and pandavas can’t afford it. So Yudhisthira sent his four brothers to four sides of the country to conquer all the kings and extract money from them. Arjuna, with mighty army went North, Bhima went towards East, Nakula went towards West and Sahadeva proceeded towards South from Indraprastha. The Pandava brothers along with their army marched fearlessly in the four directions. Most kings recognized Yudhisthira’s suzerainty and paid the royalty kindly. The others who hesitated to pay the royalty were attacked and then seized their property including money, diamonds, gold ornaments, pearls, gems, vehicles and other precious things.

Arjuna, with mighty army conquered Pulinda, Prativindhya, Bhagadatta (Pragjyotisha), Antargiri, Bahirgiri, Upagiri, Modapura, Vamadeva, Sudaman, Susankula, Vrihanta (Uluka king), Devaprastha (Senavindu), Viswagaswa (King of northern mountains of Puru's race), Barbara, Sabara, Turushka King, Kings of Maalava, Seven tribes called Utsava-sanketa, Poundra, Chitraayudha (king of Kashmir), king Lohita, king of Simhapura, Trigartas, Daravas, Kokonadas, Avisari town, Rochamana ruling in Uraga, Singhapura adi, Suhma and Sumala, Valhikas, kings of Kambojas and Kataka, robber tribes in north-eastern regions, Lohas, Limpurushas (Durmaputra), Harataka, North Harivarsha and the city of Sakraprastha. Arjuna then reached Mountain Meru in Himalayas and conquered the northern Kuru Kingdoms. Thus Arjuna conquered the entire northern bharatvarsha up to Meru Mountain.

Bhima who already conquered Jarasandha of Magadha Empire went towards eastern part of bharatvarsha with army, as he thought that easterners are skilled in fighting with bare arms. He then conquered the kingdoms of Panchala, Gandakas, Videhas, Dasarnas (King Sudharman), Aswamedha (King Rochamana), Pulinda (from kings Sukumara and Sumitra), Chedi (King Sishupala), Kumara (King Srenimat), Kosala (King Vrihadvala), Ayodhya (King Dirghayaghna), northern Kosalas, king of Mallas, Bhallata, Kasi (King Suvahu), Suparsa (King Kratha), Matsya, Maladas, Madahara, Mahidara, Somadheyas,Vatsabhumi, Bhargas, Nishadas, Manimat, Southern Mallas, Sarmakas, Varmakas, Videhas (King Janaka), Sakas, Seven kings of the Kiratas, Danda, Dandadhara, Girivaraja, Madagiri, Kausika-Kachchha (King of Pundra and Mahaujah), Vanga, Samudrasena, Chandrasena, Tamralipta, Karvatas, Suhmas, Prasuhmas and finally the Mlechchha tribes along the coast of eastern parts of bharatvarsha.

Nakula went towards West of bharatvarsha. He conquered the kingdoms of Rohitaka, Mahitaka, Maru, Malavas, Mattamyurakas, Barbara, Madhyamakeyas, Karbara, Amvashtas, Saireeshaka, Mahetta, Dasarnas, Sivis, and Trigartas, five tribes of the Karnatas, Vattadhanas and the Utsava-sanketas. Nakula reached Dwaraka during his conquering and visited Sri Krishna and took the blessings. He then reached the Kingdom of Madhra and met King Salya who was his maternal uncle. He collected the royalty from King Salya in a respectable manner. It is supposed that Nakula arranged ten-thousand camels to bring the entire wealth collected to Indraprastha.

Sahadeva proceeded towards south. On her way, Sahadeva met an encounter with Agni, the god of fire in the city of Mahishmati. Since the king of Mahishmati, Nila had blessings from Agni for protection. Sahadeva was unable to defeat Agni. So he bowed and prayed the Agni with utmost devotion. Pleased with Sahadeva’s devotion, Agni instructed Nila to accept Pandava superiority over Nila’s kingdom and pay royality. Sahadeva thus conquered the cities of Sumitra, Surasenas, Dantavakra, Sukumara, Sumitra, Matsyas, Yavanas, Avanti (Vinda and Anuvinda), Rukmi, Bheeshmaka, Kishkindha (kings Mainda and Dwivida), Surparaka (Talakatas and Dandakas), Dandaka, Saurashtra, Vidarbha, Taalavana, territories of Bhojakata, Pandya, Navarashtra (King Kunti-Bhoja), Bhojakata, Paurava, Timingila, a wild tribe called Kerakas, Nishadas, kingdoms near Narmada river, Udrakeralas, Andhras, Pashandas, Talavanas, Ushtrakarnikas, Sekas, Karahatakas, Paundrayas, Ushtrakarnikas, Surabhipatna, Ramaka, Tripura, Kalinga, Dravida and KarahaaTaka. At last, he reached the southernmost coastal area of bharatvarsha and sent message to Vibhishana, the king of Lanka for royality. Vibhishana accepted the request of Sahadeva and paid the royalty. Thus Sahadeva completed his mission and returned to Indraprastha with the collected wealth.

Thus all the four brothers viz. Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva conquered all the four sides of bharatvarsha and had brought enough wealth for the Pandava treasury to overflow so as to conduct the Rajasuya sacrifice.  Nakula was chosen as Yudhisthira’s messenger for the invitation of Dhritarashtra and his court members for Rajasuya sacrifice. Yudhisthira appointed Nakula as his ambassador. Upon the elder brother’s instruction, Nakula invited Bhishma, Drona, Dhritarashtra, Vidhura, Gandhari, Kauravas and all the members of Dhritarashtra’s court for Rajasuya on behalf of Yudhisthira. He seeks their blessings and encouragement for the function. Dhritarashtra said to Nakula that he is proud of Yudhisthira for taking step to conduct the function and added that he and his court members would attend the sacrifice and personally bless them. Sahadeva invited Duryodhana and his brothers to grace the function. Invitations were sent to all the Kings throughout the country. Sri Krishna came from Dwaraka to Indraprastha with plenty of gold and diamonds and gave it to Yudhisthira. 


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