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A needless humiliation for Duryodhana

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Chapter 112: A needless humiliation for Duryodhana

Duryodhana was spending some very happy years in Hastinapura. Monarchs in all four directions had been subjugated by him. His coffers were overflowing. His friends Karna and Sakuni, and his brother Dushasana, were always with him, praising and flattering him.

Karna came up with the idea that Duryodhana should visit Dwaitavana in the pretext of a hunting expedition. He could derive great pleasure in observing the Pandavas’ miserable existence in the forest. At the same time he could flaunt his own prosperity to the Pandavas.

Duryodhana fully endorsed the idea but was diffident about getting his father’s permission. It was Karna again who came up with a solution. ”Huge herds of our cattle are stationed near Dwaitavana,” he said. “As king you have the duty to inspect our cattle stations. Your father, the king, will certainly approve of your visiting the place. As a relief from your strenuous duties, you could then go for a hunt in the forest.”

Dhritarashtra was far from happy over the prospect of Duryodhana and his friends going anywhere near the Pandava abode. But he relented eventually, and plans were made for the trip.

Duryodhana reached the cattle station with a big retinue, including many royal ladies. Karna, Sakuni, Dushasana and the other brothers accompanied him. He set up camp four miles away from Dwaitavana. After dutifully inspecting the cattle, the prince retired for some sport and diversion. He ordered his men to enter the forest and set up a camping place near the lake.


The Kaurava soldiers who approached the lake were stopped by Gandharvas who told them, “This is the habitat of Gandharvas. Humans are not permitted to enter here.” When Duryodhana heard of this, he became angry and sent his army. This time his men forced their way in, despite opposition from the Gandharvas. Those heavenly creatures rushed to their king Chitrasena and reported the matter.

Chitrasena, with a horde of Gandharvas, descended on the scene to beat back the Kaurava army. Meanwhile, Duryodhana and the other prominent Kauravas reached the lake. What ensued was a battle between the Kauravas and the Gandharvas. Although the Kauravas at first beat back the guardians of the lake, soon Chitrasena overcame them. All the Kaurava soldiers retreated, leaving only their masters in the field. Karna showed courage initially, but he soon lost his car and his weapons. To save himself, he had to run away from the battle.

Most of the Kauravas had, by now, abandoned their king and run away. Chitrasena fought relentlessly. Soon he could capture Duryodhana, Dushasana and a few other princes. He also rounded up the royal ladies. They were all taken prisoners.

The soldiers who fled from the battle approached the Pandavas and told them about the misfortune that had befallen the Kaurava prince and his entourage. While Bhima expressed his glee over Duryodhana’s plight, Yudhisthira told his brother, “This is no time for rejoicing. Members of our family have been captured by the Gandharvas. It is our duty to see that they are released.” He instructed his brothers to leave immediately.

“Approach the Gandharvas,” Yudhisthira said, with wisdom. “Get the Kauravas released by adopting conciliatory methods. If the Gandharvas do not listen, engage in light skirmishes. If they are still stubborn, then crush the foe.” The four brothers proceeded to carry out their elder brother’s orders. The Gandharvas were in no mood to yield to the Pandavas. A great battle ensued. The brothers fought off the thousands of Gandharvas who poured in. Chitrasena employed various subterfuges to overcome Arjuna, but the Pandava hero who was armed with celestial weapons, effectively answered him. In the end, Chitrasena, who had become Arjuna’s friend when the latter visited Indralok, appeared before the Pandavas. “Cease my friend,” he told Arjuna. “I do not desire to fight with you.” The two embraced each other.

Arjuna asked Chitrasena the reason for his taking the Kauravas prisoners. Chitrasena replied, “This wretched son of Dhritarashtra, along with his friends, came to Dwaitavana with the sole purpose of mocking at you, your brothers and Draupadi. Indra sent me here to chastise the miscreants. You can do what you want with them.”
 The brothers took Chitrasena to Yudhisthira who welcomed and honored the Gandharva chief. At the request of Yudhisthira, Chitrasena released Duryodhana and the rest of the Kauravas.

After the departure of Chitrasena, Yudhisthira addressed his chastised cousin, “Child, do not again commit such rash acts. Nothing good will come out of it.”

Hanging his head in shame and weary of his misadventure, the Kaurava prince trudged back to his camp. Seeing him return, Karna thought that Duryodhana was alive because he had subdued the Gandharvas. Duryodhana related his story to the Karna king.

“Instead of plunging the Pandavas in misery, it is I who is now plunged in misery,” the Kaurava prince lamented. Full of humiliation and anger, Duryodhana expressed his resolve to kill himself rather than live in shame. Neither Karna nor Sakuni was able to dissuade him. At this point, Duryodhana fell on the ground unconscious.


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