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PSC Class 141: Mountains in the World

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Mountains in the World

A mountain is a large landform that stretches at least 600 meter high from earth surface.

Fold Mountains are the youngest mountains in the world. Fold Mountains occur when two plates collide.

Himalayas, Andes and Rocky Mountains are examples of Fold Mountains.

Himalayas is the highest mountain in the world.

The Andes is the lengthiest continental mountain range in the world. Andes is located in South America.

Orology is the study of Mountain research.

Speleology is the study of Caves.

Ural Mountains are located in the boundary of Asia and Europe.

The Alps in Europe is famous for Tourist Destination.

The Carpathian Mountains is famous for its mention in Bram Stoker’s novel “Dracula”.

Carpathian Mountains are located in Eastern Europe and have a length of 1500 kilometer.

Carpathian Mountains share boundary with the countries,

Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine and Romania.

Atlas is the mountain range of Africa. The boundary countries with this 2400 kilometer long Atlas Mountain is Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.

The Caucasus Mountains spreads through the continents Asia and Europe.

Appalachian and Rocky mountain ranges are located in North America.

Mount Fuji is located in Honshu Island of Japan.

Table Mountain is located at Cape Town of South Africa.

Adam’s peak in Sri lanka is considered as a devoted hill by the religions,

Buddha, Hindu, Muslim and Christians.

The popular Blue Mountains are located near to Sydney in Australia.

Cotopaxi is a stratovolcano located in the Andes Mountains in Ecuador.

The Pyrenees mountain range forms natural boundary to both France and Spain.

Jura Mountains range is border to both France and Switzerland.

Vosges Mountains separates both France and Germany.

Alps Mountains separates both Italy and Germany. Pamir is called as the roof of the world.

The Chinese name of Pamir is Congling. Hindu Kush Mountain range is located between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan.

Rwanda is called as the country of 1000 hills.

Jordan is called as the country of 7 hills.

Rome is called as the city of seven hills.

Macedonia is called as the country of Hills and Lakes.

Mount Etna is a world famous active stratovolcano located on the Sicily island of Italy.

Stromboli is the stratovolcano located in Italy. It is also called as “Lighthouse of the Mediterranean”.

Ayers Rock and Uluru are the monoliths located near Melbourne of Australia.

The meaning of Himalayas is the “abode of the snow”. The length of the Himalayan range is 2410 kilometer and it extends from West,

Indus River to east Brahmaputra River.

The Great Himalayas, Lesser Himalayas and the Outer Himalayas (Sivalik hills) are the three ranges of Himalayas.

 The northern part of Himalayas, Great Himalayas has several peaks. Mount Everest, Kangchenjunga, Nanga Parbat, Nanda Devi etc are the peaks of Great Himalayas.

The places just south to Great Himalayas are Himachal, Darjeeling, Dalhousie, Nainital and Mussoorie.

The Doon Valley is located below the Sivalik hills. Dehradun is also a valley like Doon.

Himachal Pradesh is called as the State of Mountains in India.

The Japan born, Junko Tabei is the first women to climb up the Mount Everest in 1975, May 25.

 The American born, Eric Weihenmayer is the first blind to climb up the Mount Everest in 2001 May 25. The First to Climb Mount Everest is Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.

Tenzing is the first Indian to climb the Mount Everest. The first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest is Bachendri Pal and it was in May 17, 1984.

 Santhosh Yadav is the first woman to climb Mount Everest twice in less than a year (1992 - 1993). It was in 2003, the silver jubilee (50 years) of climbing the Mount Everest is celebrated.

Mount Kailash is located in China (Tibet), which have an altitude of 6714 meters. The name of Kailash in Tibet is Kang Rimpoche.

The Kangchenjunga Mountain is located in Sikkim. The altitude of Kangchenjunga is about 8586 meter. Kangchenjunga is the third highest peak in the world. Also it is the second highest peak in India.

The meaning of Nanga Parbat is Naked Mountain. Nanga Parbat is also called as Diamir. The meaning of Diamer is “the king of mountains”.

The highest peak in Europe is Mount Elbrus in Caucasus Mountains (Russia). The height of Mount Elbrus is 5642 meter.

Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania is the highest peak in Africa. The highest part of Kilimanjaro is Kibo Hut with 5895 meter altitude. Snows of Kilimanjaro, which is a popular short story written by Ernest Hemingway.

The highest peak of North America, Mount McKinley is located in Alaska. The regional name of Mount McKinley is Denali. The altitude of Denali is 6194 meter.

The highest peak of South America, Aconcagua is located in Argentina. Aconcagua is located in Andes mountain range. The height of Aconcagua is 6959 meter. It is the highest peak in southern hemisphere of Earth and also the largest peak outside Asia.

Mount Kosciuszko is the highest peak in Australia. The height of Kosciuszko is 2228 meter and is located in snowy mountain range.

Vinson Massif is the highest mountain in Antarctica Continent. The highest peak in Massif is Mount Craddock (4650 meter).

The Vindhya Range splits the Indian Peninsula into two as Northern India and Southern India. Satpura in Madhya Pradesh is the parallel range of Vindhya. The Narmada River flows in between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges.

Khasi Hills is located in Meghalaya. Cherrapunji and Mawsynram are the place where highest rainfall in the world occurs is also located in Khasi Hills.

The capital of Meghalaya, Shillong is located in Garo Hills.

Lushai Hills are located in Mizoram.

Arakan Yoma hills are located at Myanmar.

Mount Harriet is located at Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

The Khyber Pass is a mountain pass connecting Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Palakkad gap is wide low mountain pass in the Western Ghats. It acts as a passage between the Palakkad District of Kerala with Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu.

Bolan Pass in Toba Kakar Range of Pakistan is considered as the gateway to India.

The Zojila Pass connects Sri Nagar with Drass, Kargil and Leh.

The Asirgarh in Satpura range of Madhya Pradesh is considered as the “key to Deccan”.

Nathu La and Jelep La are the passes in Sikkim.

Communism Peak is located in Tajikistan. The altitude of Communism Peak is 7495 meters. Its original name is Garmo Peak. But it is again renamed as Stalin Peak in 1932. It is again renamed as Communism Peak in 1962. But it is finally renamed as Ismoil Somoni Peak in 1998.

The 7134 meter length Lenin Peak is located between the mountains of Pamir. This peak is a boundary to both countries, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.

The base-to-peak height of Mauna Kea is 10,203 meter. But its height above sea level is 4208 meter.

Mount Chimborazo is the mountain range that located far away from centre of Earth. It is located in South America.

Chimborazo is located in Ecuador.

Mount Abu is located in the Aravalli Range of Sirohi district of Rajasthan. Guru Shikhar is the highest peak at Abu Range with 1,722 meter. The only hill station in Rajasthan is Mount Abu.

The famous temple complex, Dilwara Temples is located in Mount Abu. Mount Abu is also the site of the headquarters of the Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University.

The Anamudi peak in Munnar taluk of Idukki district is the highest peak in South India with 2695 meter height. Anamudi is located in Western Ghats.

The biggest peak in the Solar System is Mount Olympus (Olympus Mons), located in Mars. The height of Olympus Mons is about 27 kilometers.

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