PSC Class 83: Ancient Inscriptions in India

1. The ‘Epigraphy’ is the study of Inscriptions. It was ‘James Princep’ in 1837, who deciphered the inscriptions of Emperor Asoka.

2. The language of Asoka Emperor’s inscriptions is Prakrit. Brahmi is the script used.

3. The first inscription of Asoka was about the abolishment of Animal Sacrifice.

4. Emperor Asoka is himself represented as ‘Devanam Priyadassi’ in inscriptions. Maski, Gujara were the writings which mentions the original name of Asoka.

5. It was sixth inscription, which said the words, ‘There is no other activity better than working for world welfare’.

6. ‘Junagarh Inscription’ was from Rudradaman of Ujjain. This inscription explains about the repairing the Sudarshana Lake. In this inscription, both the Chandragyupta Maurya and Asoka’s names were mentioned.

7. ‘Allahabad Pillar Inscription’ gives the information of Samudra Gupta, who is called as ‘Indian Napolean’. It is believed that this inscription was prepared by the court poet of Samudra Gupta, Harisena.

8. ‘Hathigumpha Inscription’ was written in the period of Kalinga king, Kharavela.

9. ‘Bhabru Inscription’ explains about the details of Upa Gupta’s influence in the conversion of Asoka to Buddha religion.

10. It was in ‘Maski Inscription’, the information about Asoka’s declaration that ‘all the people of his country were his children’.

11. ‘Mehrauli Inscription’ completed in Iron pillar has the information of Chandragupta II, who was also called as ‘Vikramaditya’. It is located alongside Qutab Minar in Delhi.

12. The ‘Aiholi Inscription’ of Karnataka was from Chalukya king, Pulikesin II. This inscription was prepared by the court poet of Pulikesi II, Ravikirthi.

13. Aihole Inscription consists of details of Harsha’s defeat by Pulikesi II.

14. ‘Uttaramerur Inscription’ gives the information of local self government of chola king, Parantaka Chola I.

15. It was in ‘Hanamkonda Inscription’, the mention of Kalidasa is included.