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PSC Class 88: First War of Indian Independence

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1. ‘First Independence Struggle’ was mentioned as ‘Great Revolt of 1857’. The revolt broke out at Meerut in Uttar Pradesh in 1857 May 10.

2. The first martyr of 1857 Revolt is Mangal Pandey.

3. VD Savarkar mentioned 1857 Revolt as ‘First war of Indian Independence’.

4. ‘Bakht Khan’ is the leader of 1857 Revolt at Delhi.

5. Jhansi Rani is the leader of 1857 Revolt at Jhansi.

6. Manikarnika is the original name of Jhansi Rani.

7. Nana Saheb led the Revolt of 1857 at Kanpur.

8. Begum Hazrat Mahal is the leader of 1857 Revolt at Ayodhya.

9. After the temporary victory of 1857 Revolt, revolutionalists of Delhi Empire throne Bahadur Shah ii.

10. It was Mughal King, Bahadur Shah ii, who was deported by British to Rangoon in 1858.

11. British mentioned the 1857 Revolt as ‘Sipoy Revolt’.

12. The main reason for sudden outbreak of Revolt is the urged firing using the new tides covered with animal fats.

13. It was Sir.Hurose who mentioned ‘Rani Laxmi Bai’ as ‘the brave leader of revolutionists’.

14. In 1858, Revolt was completely devastated.

15. Ashok Metta was the author of work ‘1857 – The Great Rebellion’.

The Place of Revolt – Leaders:

1. Delhi – Bahdur Shah II, Bakht Khan
2. Kanpur – Nana Saheb
3. Lucknow – Hazrat Mahal
4. Jhansi – Rani Laxmi Bai
5. Gwalior – Tantia Tope

Mentions of Revolt:

1. British Historians – Sipoyi Revolt
2. VD Savarkar – First Independence Revolt
3. SB Chaudary – Civil Revolt
4. RC Majumdar – Not the first, Not national, Not the first freedom struggle

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