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PSC Class 108: Kerala Renaissance

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1. Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja is the ruler who is known in the name ‘Kerala Lion’.
2. First Pazhassi Revolt was occurred during the period, 1793 to 1797.
3. The regional police army formed by Sir Arthur Wellesley for defending Second Pazhassi Revolt is Kolkar.
4. The Bombay governor appointed for peaceful meeting just after pazhassi revolt is Jonathan Duncan.
5. The British officer appointed as Thalassery Sub Collector just after second pazhassi revolt in 1804 is Thomas Harvey Baber.
6. It was in 1805, Pazhassi Raja Kerala Varma died.
7. Pazhassi Tomb is located at Mananthavady.
8. Pazhassi Raja Museum is located at Kozhikode.
9. Pazhassi Dam is located at Kannur District.
10. Kalkulam is the birth place of Veluthampi Dalawa.
11. Veluthampi Dalawa is born in 1765.
12. The meaning of term ‘Dalawa’ is people’s leader.
13. It was in 1809, the famous kundara proclamation is happened.
14. The Kochi diwan, who helped Veluthampi Dalawa for his revolts, is Paliath Achan.
15. Velu Thampi committed suicide in the house of the temple priest of the Bhagavati Temple at Mannadi.
16. Veluthampi Dalawa died in 1809.
17. Veluthampi Dalawa and Paliath Achan joined together for struggling against Colonel Macaulay.
18. Kurichya Revolt is occurred in 1812.
19. Channar Revolt is also called as ‘Melmundu Agitation’.
20. Channar Revolt occurred in 1859.
21. It was in 1859 July 26, an order was released permitting channar women belonging to all religions to cover the chest.
22. Thiruvananthapuram is the birth place of Ayyankali.
23. Ayyankali was born in Venganoor.
24. It was in 1893, Ayyankali led the ‘Villu Vandi’ Agitation. It was for the right to use the public roads by the downtrodden people.
25. Ayyankali was born in 1863.
26. The society formed under the leadership of Ayyankali for the progression of backward communities in social and economic matters is Sadhujana Paripalana Sangham.
27. Sadhujana Paripalana Sangham is established in 1907.
28. The year in which Ayyankali started a school in Venganoor for getting rights on education is 1905. It was Venganoor Pulvilakom Malayalam Primary School.
29. The farmer employee agitation happened under the leadership of Ayyankali is known as 19th century revolt.
30. Ayyankali was nominated to Sreemoolam Prajasabha in 1914.
31. Kallumala Agitation is also known as Perinad Revolt. It is an agitation led by Ayyankali against the injustice of wearing ornaments made from stones by the women of backward communities as a part of caste system.
32. Gandhiji called Ayyankali as ‘Pulaya Raja’.
33. It was in his fifth visit, Gandhiji met Ayyankali at Venganoor.
34. Gandhiji’s fifth visit was in 1937.
35. It was Indira Gandhi, who inaugurated the Ayyankali Statue in Kowdiar at Thiruvananthapuram in 1980.
36. The birth place of Poikayil Yohanan is Iraviperoor.
37. Poikayil Yohanan is born in 1878.
38. Poikayil Yohanan’s struggles against caste system domination are normally called as Adi lahala.
39. Poikayil Yohanan established the Pratyasha Raksha Sabha.
40. The social reformer who has the spiritual nickname, Kumara Gurudeva is Poikayil Yohanan.
41. Iraviperoor is the headquaters of Pratyasha Raksha Deiva Sabha.
42. The birthplace of Vaikunda Swamikal is near to Sastamkoilvila of Nagercoil.
43. Mudi Choodum Perumal is the earlier name of Vaikunda Swamikal given by his parents.
44. The name given to Vaikunda Swamikal in his childhood due to opposition from Savarna Hindus was Muthukutty.
45. One of the earliest renaissance foundations of India, ‘Samatva Samajam’ was founded by Vaikunda Swamikal.
46. Samatva Samajam was established in 1836.
47. The motto ‘One Caste, One Religion, One God, One World, One Politics’ is said  by Vaikunda Swamikal.
48. It was in Singari toppu jail in Thiruvananthapuram, Vaikunda Swamikal was prisoned due to his opposition against Feudal rule.
49. The temples built by Vaikunda Swamikal are known in the name of Nizhal Tangal.
50. It was in Swamithoppu, the swamy well otherwise called as Munthiri well digged by Vaikunda Swamikal is located.
51. The practicing kalari founded by Vaikunda Swamikal for leading a clean and punctual life is known as Tuvayalpandhi koottaima.
52. The thinking project developed by Vaikunda Swamikal with the aim of establishing Dharma Yugam is Ayyavazhi.
53. It was Vaikunda Swamikal, who wrote the manuscript, Akilathirattu.
54. Arul Nool is the manuscript written by Vaikunda Swamikal.
55. Ayyavazhi is related to the manuscript, Akilathirattu.
56. The person who became famous in the name ‘Vedabandu’ is Venkidachalam.
57. Vedabandu is related to the society, Arya Samajam.
58. Vedabandu is related to the famous revolt called Kalpathi Revolt.
59. The famous Malayalam Novelist, who helped Vedabandu in the activities of Arya Samaj is P Kesava dev.
60. The author of work ‘Tandava Lakshanam’ is Vedabandu.
61. The author of literary work ‘Rigveda Praveshika’ is Vedabandu.
62. Sree Narayana Guru is known as the ‘father of kerala renaissance’.
63. Sree Narayana Guru was born in Chempazhanthy in Trivandrum in 20 August 1854.
64. The literary work done by Sree Narayana Guru during his Education Period is Gajendra Moksham.
65. The idea established by Sree Narayana Guru ‘Om Sahodaryam Sarvatra’ is forwarded in the ‘Adwaita Asrama’ of Aluva.
66. The Adwaita Asrama of Aluva was established in 1913.
67. Gandhiji visited Sree Narayana Guru at Sivagiri Asrama in 1925.
68. It was in 1922, great poet Tagore visited Sree Narayana Guru.
69. Sree Narayana Guru started Misrabhojanam in 1915.
70. It was in the year 1915; an all religion meeting at Aluva was conducted under the leadership of Sree Narayana Guru.
71. It was in the Adwaita Asramam, Sree Narayana Guru had given the message, ‘One Caste, One Religion, One God for Man’ to world.
72. Sree Narayana Dharma Sangam was founded in the year, 1928.
73. Sree Narayana Guru’s famous Aruvippuram Consecration (Siva) was in the year 1888.
74. Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam was established in the year 1903.
75. Kumaranasan served as the first secretary of Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam.
76. The main paper of SNDP yogam is Vivekodayam.
77. Kumaranasan is the first editor of montly ‘Vivekodayam’.
78. It was in the year 1908; Sree Narayana Guru fixed an idol at Jaganatha Temple of Thalassery.
79. Sree Narayana Guru died on 1928 September 20. The famous works of Guru were Atmopadesha Satakam, Darsanamala, Jatimeemamsa, Nirvriti Panchakam, Ardhanareeswara Sthothram, Shivashatakam, Kundalini Pattu.
80. Vakkom Abdul Khader is considered as the ‘Father of Muslim Renaissance’.
81. It was in 1905 January 19, Swadeshabimani newspaper started its publication.
82. Ramakrishna Pillai is the editor of Swadeshabimani.
83. It was in the year 1905; British stopped the publication of Swadeshabimani.
84. The newspaper started by Vakkom Maulavi for the progression of Muslim community in 1906 January is ‘Muslim’.
85. It was Vakkom Abdul Khadir Maulavi, who founded the United Muslim Society in 1922.
86. Vakkom Maulavi died in 1932.
87. Vakkom Abdul Khader’s famous work is ‘Islam Matha Sidantha Samgraham’.
88. The earlier name of Subhananda Guru is Pappankutty.
89. The establisher of ‘Atma Bodhodaya Sangham’ is Subhananda Guru.
90. Atma Bodhodaya Sangham was established in 1926.
91. Atma Bodhodaya Sangham was established by Subhananda Guru.
92. It was in the year 1935, under the leadership of Subhananda Guru, a march to thiruvananthapuram is done for the declaration of Temple Entry Proclamation.
93. In the year 1950, Subhananda Guru died.
94. The original name of famous guru, Vagbhatananda is Vayaleri Kunjikannan.
95. ‘Abhinava Keralam’ montly wass started by Vagbhatananda.
96. The motto of ‘Abhinava Keralam, Athmavidhyakahalam’ is ‘Awake! Pray to the Lord of the Universe! Arise now itself, and oppose injustice’.
97. Athma Vidhya Sangam was founded by Vagbadanandan. Athma Vidhya, Atma Vidhya lekhamala, Adhyatma Yuddam, Prarthananjali etc were the major works of Vagbadanandan. Vagbadanandan was died in 1937 March 30.
98. The birth place of Chattambi Swamikal is Kannamoola.
99. Chattampi Swamikal is born in 1853.
100. The childhood name of Chattampi Swamikal is Ayyapan.
101. The nickname of Chattampi Swamikal in his childhood is Kunjan Pillai.
102. It was in the name, Shanmugadasan; Chattampi Swamikal became popular as a monk.
103. People affectionately called Chattampi Swamikal as Vidhyadhi Rajan. Prachina Malayalam, Aadi Bhasha, Jeevita Karunya Niroopanam, Chirstumata Niroopanam etc were famous works of Chattampi Swamikal. Chattampi Swamikal died in 1924 May 5 at Panmana. The Bala Bhattaraka Temple constructed by his disciples was located at his resting place.
104. The original name of Thycaud Ayyaswamikal is Subramoniyan.
105. Thycaud Ayyaswamikal is also known in the name, Superintendent Ayya.
106. It was Thycaud Ayyaguru, who teached Sree Narayana Guru and Chattampi Swamikal in their childhood.
107. Thycaud Ayyaswamikal died in 1909.
108. The earliest name of Alathur Brahmananda Sivayogi is Karat Govinda Menon.
109. It was Alathur Brahmananda Sivayogi’s ideas and theories, which is known in the name ‘Ananda Madom’.
110. Ananda Mahasabha is established in 1918 by Alathur Brahmananda Sivayogi. Sivayoga Rahasyam, Sthri Vidya Poshini, Sidhanubhuthi, Mokshapradeepam, Anandakalpadrumam, Ananda Suthram, Rajayoga Parasyam, Vigraharadhana Khandanam, Ananda Vimanam, Anandamatha Paraysyam, Anandakkummi, Ananda Ganam, Anandadarsam -were the famous works of Alathur Brahmananda Sivayogi.
111. The earliest name of Swami Agamananda is Krishnan Nambiathiri.
112. Kalady Sree Ramakrishna Ashram was founded by Agamananda Swamy.
113. It was under the leadership of Agamananda Swamy, the monthly Amritavani, Prabudha Kerala was started.
114. The author of famous work, Vivekananda Sandesham is Agamananda Swamy.
115. Agamananda Swamy wrote the Sreesankara bhagavat gita vyakyanam.
116. Chavara Kuriakose Alias Achan was born in the year 1805 in Kainakari.
117. It was Chavara Kuriakose Elias Achan, who founded the first catholic Sanskrit school.
118. The script ‘Athmanutapam’ was written by Chavara Kuriakose Elias Achan.
119. Chavara Kuriakose Achan wrote the (a short poetic work)  ‘Anasthasyayude Raktasakshithvam’.
120. Chavara Kuriakose Achan died in 1871.
121. The postal stamp with the name ‘Chavara Achan’ was released in the year 1987.
122. In the year 1986, Chavara Achan is declared as canonize.
123. The script ‘Malayala Bhasha Vyakaranam’ released in 1851 was compiled by Herman Gundert. It is the first grammer book of Malayalam.
124. Rajyasamacharam is the first Malayalam newspaper.
125. In the year 1847, Rajyasamacharam is published.
126. In the year June 1847, the first Malayalam newspaper Rajyasamacharam under the leadership of Gundert was released. In the same year in October, the newspaper ‘Paschimodayam’ was started.
127. Herman Gundert wrote the script, ‘Keralappazhama’.
128. The first children based script, ‘Padamala’ was written by Herman Gundert.
129. Arnos Pathiri wrote the poem, Puthenpana.
130. Arnos Pathiri died in Pazhu near to Thrissur.
131. It was in the year 1852, Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker established the Mangalath Shiva Temple.
132. The second avarna Siva temple was established in 1853 by Arattupuzha Velayudhan Panicker at Thaneer Mukkam Cheruvaranam Kara.
133. For the freedom of wearing dress according to their will for womens, Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker led the agitation ‘Achipudava Agitation’.
134. Mookutti Agitation is the agitation made by Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker for declaring rights for avarna womens to wear gold ornaments.
135. Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker was killed in 1874.
136. Dr Ayyathan Gopalan was worked related to the establishment, Brahma Samaj.
137. Brahma Dharma which is considered as ‘Bible of Brahma Samaj’ is translated to Malayalam by Dr Ayyathan Gopalan.
138. It was Devendranath Tagore, who wrote the script Brahma Dharma.
139. Dr Ayyathan Gopalan wrote the play ‘Susheela Dukhan’.
140. The play ‘Saranjini Parinayam’ was written by Dr Ayyathan Gopalan.
141. Dr Ayyathan Gopalan died in 1948.
142. Dr Palpu was born in 1863. Under the leadership of Dr Palpu, Ezhava Memorial was signed by 13176 ezhavas.
143. Travancore Ezhava Mahasabha was established in 1896.
144. Dr Palpu is the first vice president of Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam. Matha Perumal is the name of Dr Palpu’s mother. Matha Perumal is the president of Women Samajam, which formed in 1904 under the leadership of Sree Narayana Guru.
145. The name of Dr Palpu’s article column series on Madras Mail about the discrimination faced by him and his community members is Thiruvithamkotte Theeyan.
146. The writer of script, ‘Treatment of Theeyans in Travancore’ is written by Dr Palpu.
147. Dr Palpu was died in 1950.
148. The birthplace of Barrister GP Pillai is in Pallipuram near Thiruvananthapuram.
149. In the name ‘A Nation Lover’, GP Pillai wrote political articles from Madras.
150. It was Barrister GP Pillai, who wrote the small article ‘Travancore for Travancore’s’ in 1889.
151. The malayalee who participated in fifth All India Congress meeting in 1889 is Barrister GP Pillai.
152. The malayalee who was elected as Secretary during Madras Congress Meeting in 1894 is Barrister GP Pillai.
153. The only malayalee who was mentioned in biography of Gandhiji is Barrister GP Pillai.
154. Barrister GP Pillai was died in 1903 May 21.
155. The birthplace of Kurumban Daivathan is Idayaranmula near to Chenganoor.
156. The social reformer who was known in the nickname ‘Naduvatan’ is Kuruban Daivathan.
157. It was Kurumban Daivathan, who formed the society, ‘Hindu Pulaya Samajam’ in 1917.
158. It was in the year 1915, Daivathan is nominated to Sreemoolam Praja Sabha.
159. It was in the year 1924, Daivathan and his followers entered Chengannur Mahadeva Temple for worship.
160. Temple Entry Proclamation was declared in 1936.
161. ‘Nalacharitham, Krishnarjuna Vijayam, Kiratham, Asannamarana Chintha Sathakom’ were the notable works of Muloor S Padmanabha Panicker.
162. Deshabhimani TK Madhavan was born in 1884.
163. The Society, Ezhava Samajam was formed by TK Madhavan.
164. Nair – Ezhava revolt was occurred in 1905.
165. Under TK Madhavan’s leadership, Deshabhimani Newspaper is started.
166. It was in the year 1922, TK Madhavan and Mahatma Gandhi made a conversation at Thirunelveli.
167. TK Madhavan presented the report of Vaikom Sathyagraha in Kakinada Congress Meeting in 1923.
168. The main among the leaders of Vaikom Sathyagraha is TK Madhavan.
169. Vaikom Sathyagraha was started in 1924 March 20.
170. TK Madhavan was selected as SNDP secretary in 1927.
171. TK Madhavan died in 1930.
172. The birthplace of Pampady John Joseph is Thiruvalla.
173. Travancore Cheramar Mahajana Sabha established in 1921 was formed by Pampady John Joseph.
174. The monthly, Sadhu Jana Doothan was started by Pampady John Joseph in 1919.
175. It was in the year 1923 March 9, the avarna of kerala got their history back by declaring the Aikkara Naduvazhi as their new feudal lord.
176. The ‘Savarna Christians and Avarna Christians’ is the work of Pampady John Joseph.
177. In the year 1931, Pampady John Joseph was elected to Sree Chitra State Council.
178. Pampady John Joseph was died in July 1940.
179. Pandit Karuppan was born in Cheranalloor of Ernakulam district in 1885 May 24.
180. Pandit Karuppan is nicknamed as ‘Kerala Lincoln’.
181. The play ‘Jathi Kummi’ was wrote by Pandit Karuppan.
182. The play written by Pandit Karuppan during the shastipoorthi of Kochi Maharaja is Balakalesham.
183. Araya Samajam was formed by Pandit Karuppan.
184. Araya Samajam was established in the year ‘1907’.
185. The native organizations formed by Pandit Karuppan for the change of society are known as Sabha.
186. Achara Bhooshanam, Arayaprasasthi, Baalakalesam, Baalodyanam, Chithralekha, Dheevara Tharuniyude Vilapam, Dhruvacharitham, Kairaleekouthukam, Lalithopaharam, Sakunthalam Vanchippattu, Panchavadi etc were Pandit Kruppan’s works.
187. It was Pandit Karuppan, who established the Sudharma Sooryodaya Sabha at Thevara in 1910.
188. The native sabhas established by Pandit Karuppan were Kalyanadayini Sabha (Kodungalloor), Jnanodhayam (Eda Kochi), Vala Seva Samiti (Vaikom), Prabodha Chandrodayam Sabha (North Paravur), Araya Vamsodharani Sabha (Engandiyoor), and Sanmarga Pradeepa Sabha (Kumbalam).
189. Pandit Karuppan died in 1938 March 23.
190. The Cheriyazhikkal Vijnana sandayani library was established by Dr Velukutty Arayan in 1908.
191. Cheriyazhikkal Araya Vamshaparipalana Yogam was established by Velukutty Arayan.
192. The Samasta Keraliya Araya Mahajana Yogam was established by Dr Velukutty Arayan in 1919.
193. Arayan (1917) newspaper was started by Dr Velukutty Arayan.
194. Araya Sthreejana Monthly was started by Dr Velukutty Arayan.
195. The general secretary of Travancore Avarna Hindu Mahasabha formed in 1924 is Dr Velukutty Arayan.
196. The Akhila Navika Thozhilali Sangam started under the leadership of Dr Velukutty Arayan was in 1931.
197. Arayan Newspaper was banned in 1938.
198. The monthly started in 1948 under the leadership of Dr Velukutty Aryan for the scientific progression in Fisheries sector is ‘Fisheries Magazine’.
199. For the development of rural fisheries, Dr Velukutty Arayan forwarded a project called Inland Fisheries Scheme.
200. The publications of Dr Velukkuty Arayan were Dharma Poshini Weekly, Samadhanam Montly, Theeradesam Weekly, Kalakeralam Montly and Chiri Montly. His notable works were Rasalakshana Samuchayam, Vasa Vadatha Nirvanam (Atta Katha) and Kurukkan Kathakal (Bala Sahithyam). His pen names were Trivikraman, Vajra Soochi, Aalapadan, Chakshu Sravanan, Alappattu Balan, Kumbandan, Chemmatram, Mani etc were his pen names.
201. Dr Velukutty Arayan died in 1969.
202. C Kesavan is one among the pioneer among the leaders who formed Akhila Travancore Samyukta Rashtriya Congress.
203. IC Chacko forwarded the name ‘Nivarthana Agitation’.
204. The famous Kozhencherry speech was made by C Kesavan in 1935 May 11.
205. C Kesavan is elected as the chief minister of Thiru-Kochi state in 1951.
206. C Kesavan made the statement "If a Temple is destroyed, that much superstition is destroyed"
207. It was C Kesavan, who mentioned Karl Marx as ‘Bhagvan Karl Marx’.
208. The autobiography of C Kesavan is ‘Jeevitha Samaram’.
209. C Kesavan died in 1969 July 7.
210. Mannath Padmanabhan is popularly known as ‘Bharata Kesari’.
211. Nair Bhruthya Janasangham was established in 1914.
212. The name NSS was given to Nair Bhruthya Janasangham by K Paramu Pillai.
213. K Kelappan is the first president of NSS.
214. The first general secretary of NSS is Mannath Padmanabhan.
215. It was Mannath Padmanabhan, who led the Savarna March by backing Vaikom Sathyagraha.
216. The autobiography of Mannath Padmanabhan is ‘Ente Jeevita Samarangal’.
217. Mannath Padmanabhan died in 1970 February 25.
218. The person who becomes famous in the name ‘Ananta Teertha’ is Ananda Shenai.
219. Jathi Nashini Sabha was formed by Anantateerthan.
220. Jathi Nashini Sabha was established in 1933.
221. Anantha Theertan died in 1987 November 21.
222. Cherai Vidhya Poshini Sabha was established by Sahodaran Ayyappan.
223. Kerala Sahodara Sangam was established by K Ayyappan (after that Ayyappan became Sahodara Ayyappan).
224. It was under the leadership of K Ayyappan, Sahodara Monthly started its publication.
225. The famous statement ‘No Caste, No Religion, No God for Man’ is made by Sahodaran Ayyappan.
226. The Misrabhojanam was organized under the leadership of Sahodaran Ayyappan and it was in 1917.
227. ‘Yuktiyenthy manusiante-budhisakthi ghanichathil-labhichathallathillonnum-lokavijnana rasiyil’, this motto lines was written by Sahodaran Ayyappan for ‘Yukthivadi’ Magazine.
228. The first editor of monthly ‘Yukthivadi’ is Sahodaran Ayyappan.
229. Sahodaran Ayyappan was elected as SNDP Yogam president in the year 1938.
230. The socialist party was formed in 1938 by Sahodaran Ayyappan.
231. Sahodaran Ayyappan died in 1968 March 6.
232. Yoga Shema Sabha was established in the year ‘1908’.
233. The Newspaper of Society ‘Yuvajana Sangam’ which formed in 1919 is ‘Unni Namboothiri’.
234. The notable play ‘Adukalayil ninnu Arangatekku’ was written by VT Bhattathiripad.
235. The work written by Muttarigode Bhavatratan Namboothiripad is ‘Affantte Makkal’.
236. The play ‘Ritumati’ was written by Premji (MR Bhattathiripad).
237. VT Bhattathiripad led the Yachana Yatra of 1931.
238. Vaikom Sathyagraha was started in 1924 March 30.
239. The incident that Gandhiji mentioned as ‘a great wonder of modern period’ is Temple Entry Proclamation of Travancore.
240. Travancore Nivarthana Agitation was occurred in 1932.
241. The liberation struggle against first communist government in kerala was occurred in 1959.
242. Panabilli Govinda Menon mentioned the struggle against the first communist government of kerala as liberation struggle.
243. The birthplace of EMS is Elamkulam Village near to Perinthalmanna.
244. EMS was born in 1909 June 13.
245. The first article of EMS was published in the monthly ‘Pashupatam’.
246. The first chief minister of Kerala is EMS.
247. Surendran is the pen name of EMS. EMS is also known in the pen names, S Parameswaran and PS Cheriyan.
248. It was EMS Namboothiripad, who published the work, ‘Kerala – Motherland of Malayalees’.
249. CV Raman Pillai is known as ‘Kerala Scott’.
250. K.Kelappan is called as ‘Kerala Gandhi’.
251. Vengayil Kunjiraman Nayanar is called as ‘Mark Twain of Kerala’.
252. The volunteer captain of Guruvayur Sathyagraha is AK Gopalan.
253. The malayalee who worked as the editor of ‘Young India Newspaper’ of Gandhiji is Barrister George Joseph.
254. The only Christian volunteer who participated in the Salt Sathyagraha under the leadership of Gandhiji is ‘Titus Tewartundi’.
255. The leader of ‘Pattini Jatha’ in 1936 is AK Gopalan.
256. Barrister GP Pillai is the leader of ‘Malayali Memorial’ of 1891.
257. It was in the year 1918; TK Madhavan was nominated as a member of Sree Moolam Prajasabha.
258. Travancore State Congress was formed in 1938 February. 

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