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1. The first hydroelectric project in kerala was started in 1900 by Kannan Devan Company. The project was started in Pallivasal of Idduki District.
2. The pallivasal project was commissioned in 1940. This project was now located at Muthirapuzha of Periyar tributary.
3. After the usage of water from pallivasal project, it is directed to merge with muthirapuzha water. From this water, chenkulam hydro project is established for the generation of electricity.
4. Travancore Government owned electricity production was started in 1929. Electric supply in Thiruvananthapuram city was started in 1929 march 8.
5. Kottayam town was electrified in 1932.
6. Currently there are 23 Hydro Electric Projects in Kerala.
7. It was in March 6 1957, perigal kuttu Idathukara water project was established for the generation of electricity. It was in chalakudi puzha, dam is situated.
8. Kerala State Electricity Board was formed in 1957 October 31
9. Sabarigiri hydel project was established in April 18, 1966. The water Dam is located in Pampa River and Kakki river.
10. Kuttiyadi waterb electric project is the first project in Malabar. It was started in August 11, 1972. It is located in Kuttiyadi river.
11. It was in 1994 January 5, Kallada water irrigation project was started for the generation of electricity.
12. The first concrete double curvature arch dam of India was situated in periyar.
13. The biggest water electric project of kerala is located in Idduki. It is also the higgest dam in kerala, and is built in cherthonni river.
14. The speciality of Idduki project is that the power house is located beneath the earth. This project was started in 1976 February 12.
15. It was in 1996 June 5, Peppara small hydel electric project was started.
16. The first wind farm for the generation of electricity was established in Kanjikottai wind farm of Palakkad. It was started in 1994 December 9.
17. It was in 1997 June 5, Brahmapuram Thermal electric project was established from Naphta. Also Kozhikode Diesel Power plant was started in 1999 June 12.
18. Kayamkulam NTPC Thermal electric Project was started in 1999 January 17. The name of that project is Rajiv Gandhi combined cycle power project. 350 MW is the storage capacity of Thermal Plant, which is working using Natta.
19. The biggest district of kerala was Palakkad. The land division of kerala can be divided as Malanad, Idanad, Tazhvarangal, low land and coastal areas.
20. Malanad belongs to 47.7 percent of the total area of Western Ghats.
21. Idanad is known as the area section between the 300 m and 600 m heights.
22. The coastal plains are seen in the middle part of kerala.
23. The Periya Ghat path connects both Mannandavadi and Mysore Road. It is located between the Banasura Hills and Brahmagiri Hills.
24. Idduki District is the highland of kerala in Western Ghats.
25. Kundara Ceramics is formed from red soil deposit in kollam district.
26. The famous fisheries center, Neendakara is located in kollam district.
27. The mountainous district, Pathanamthitta has no coastal land; Sabarigiri project is located in Pathanamthitta district.
28. It was in Pathanamthitta; Kakkad water electric project is located and is in Pamba River.
29. Kuttanad is popularly called as gift of Pamba River. It is located in Alappuzha.
30. Alappuzha is located between Arabian Sea and Vembanad Kayal.
31. Ambalapuzha Sree Krishna Temple is located in Alappuzha and is known as the dwaraka of south.
32. Alappuzha is known as “Venice of East”.
33. Kottayam is the complete literacy state in India and is called “Education City”.
34. Kottayam is first in Rubber Productions.
35. Kumarakam is located in Kottayam district, which is famous for Bird Sanctuary and Tourism.
36. Kumali, which is known as the gateway of Thekkadi is located in Idduki.
37. Munnar - famous for Tourism, Rajamala - famous for Varayadukal, Marayur – the land of sandal forest were located in Idduki.
38. Idduki is known as the “the land of migrators” and also as tourist district.
39. Munnar and Idduki districts are called as the “Kashmir of the East”.
40. Kochi is the biggest corporation of Kerala, which is called as the queen of Arabian Sea.
41. Ernakulam is the district where first stock exchange of kerala is located.
42. Kodanad and Aluva Manappuram is located at Ernakulam, which is called as the Elephant Training Center.
43. The first mosque of India built by cheraman perumal is located in kodugallor of Thrissur. Thrissur is called as the cultural capital of kerala.
44. The famous Thrissur Pooram is conducted in the Thekkinkadu Maidani of Thrissur Town.
45. The Tourist spots in kerala – Athirapalli, Vazhichal, Peechi wild life protection center, kerala kalamandalam of cheruthuruthi etc were located in Thrissur District.
46. Palakkad got the mentions like least rain falling district and highest temperature district in Kerala.
47. The biggest dam of kerala, Malampuzha Dam is located in Palakkad district.
48. The popular ‘Mamankam’ conducting venue, Thirunavaya is located in Malappuram, which is now the highest populated district of kerala.
49. The only ayurvedic Mental hospital of india is located in Kottakkal of Malappuram.
50. The world’s most oldest Teak plantain “Kannoli plot” is located in Nilambur of Malappuram.
51. The only harbour of malabar is located in Ponnani.
52. Vadakkara - famous for the birth of Thacholi Othenan, Farrokh – famous for tile trade, Kappad – Vasco Da Gama landed in kerala etc. were located in Kozhikode.
53. Lakkidi, which is known as the chirapunji of  kerala is located in Wayanad District.
54. Wayanad is the least populated district in kerala.
55. For the first time in kerala, Micro Hydel Project is started in Wayanad.
56. The Historical Edakkal Caves, Thirunelveli Temple, Pazhani Memorial, Pookodu Lake, Puffy Paathalam is located in wayanad.
57. The only canntonment in kerala is located at kannur.
58. Ezhimala Navel Academy and Pazhanikadai Snake growing center is located at Kannur. The center of the muslim rulers of kerala, Arakkal Ali kings were in Kannur.
59. North Kolathiri center, Portuguese Viceroy built St.Angelo Fort, Illikunnu of Thalassery and also kannur is famous as the printing press and news paper activities are first started.
60. Kasargod is known as “the land of Gods”.
61. The Tourist spot centers like Bela Kotta, Kappil Bench, Chitragiri Kotta etc were located in Kasargod.

Biosphere Reserve:

1. As a part of Man and Biosphere programme conducted by UNESCO, Biosphere Reserve came into existence.
2. Biosphere Reserve programme was started in 1976.
3. Niligiri is the first Biosphere Reservoir of India. It came into existence in 1986.. It extended to the districts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
4. The total area of Biosphere Reserve is 1455.4 square kilometer – forest in kerala, 1527.4 square kilometer – forest in karnataka and 2537.6 square kilometer in Tamil Nadu. The total area of Biosphere Reservior is 5520.4 square kilometer.
5. The main rivers of south india like Krishna, Godavari, Kaveri, Bheema, Tungabadra, Kabani, Bhavani etc emerges from Niligiri Biosphere Reservior.

Different Facts:

1. Pallivasal is the first Hydel project of Kerala.
2. The first built Arch Dam of Kerala is Idduki Dam (1976).
3. The biggest water irrigation project of kerala is Kallada Project (Kollam).
4. The first Thermal Electric Plant of Kerala is Kayamkulam.
5. The first dam, of kerala is Mullaperiyar. (Idduki District, 1895) 
1. The first legislative assembly of kerala was came into existence in 1957 April 1.
2. The Indian president to made a speech in legislative assembly of kerala is KR Narayanan and it was in 1997 September 18.
3. The first governor of kerala is B Ramkrishna Rao. He served as Kerala Governor from 1956 November to 1960 July 1.
4. The person who was in charge as governor (acting governor) during the formation of Kerala State in 1956 November 1 is PS Rao.
5. VV Giri is the second kerala governor (1960 - 1965).
6. The only malayalee who became kerala governor is V Viswanathan. He served as kerala governor from 1967 May 15 to 1973 April 1.
7. The first woman to become kerala governor is Jyothi Venkitachalam and it was from 1977 to 1982.
8. The first kerala governor who died while in service is Sikander Bhakt. He died in 2004 February. The second kerala governor who died while in service is MOH Farook (2012).
9. VV Giri became Indian President after serving as Kerala Governor.
10. Under the leadership of EMS Namboothiripad, first kerala cabinet was formed in 1957 April 5. It continued until 1959 July 31.
11. Pattom Thanu Pillai is the second chief minister of Kerala. R Shankar is the third chief minister of kerala and was also the first congress chief minister.
12. EK Nayanar is the most served chief minister of kerala. CH Muhammad Koya is the least served chief minister.
13. K Karunakaran became chief minister for most times (four times).
14. The least served cabinet of kerala was under K Karunakaran, which was formed on 1977 March 25. The cabinet was resigned in 1977 April 25.
15. R Shankara Narayanan Thampi is the first speaker of kerala legislative assembly. Seethi Saheb is the second speaker.
16. KO Ayesha Beevi is the first deputy speaker of kerala. A Nateesath Beevi is the second deputy speaker of kerala.
17. The first deputy speaker of kerala who served the duties of speaker is Nafeesath Beevi.
18. PT Chacko is the first opposition leader of kerala. EMS is the second opposition leader of Kerala.
19. EMS Nampoothiripad served most periods as Opposition leader in kerala.
20. K Karunakaran and EMS served for most time as opposition leader (4 times) in kerala.
21. V Krishna Moorthy is the first secretary of kerala legislative assembly.
22. The meeting of first kerala legislative assembly was held in 1957 April 27.
23. The fourth kerala legislative assembly is the most served and it was from 1970 October 4 to 1977 March 22. C Achutha Menon was the chief minister.
24. The sixth kerala legislative assembly is the least served and it was from 25 January 1980 to 17 March 1982.
25. The kerala legislative assembly, which doesn’t come into existence after the conduction of election, was in 1965.
26. It was M Chandran, who was elected to kerala legislative assembly for most leading votes. He was elected in 2006 Election, with a lead of 47,671 votes from Alathur constituency. AA Aziz is the MLA who won for least leading votes. He was elected in 2001 Election with a lead of 5 votes.
27. KM Mani is the most served minister of kerala.
28. MP Virendra Kumar is the least served minister of kerala. He was elected in 1987 and served as minister for 5 days.
29. K Muralidharan is the minister who was forced to resign without representing legislative assembly.
30. M Vijayakumar is the only person who served as speaker throughout a full legislative assembly period. AC Jose is the least served speaker of kerala. AC Jose is also the speaker who used casting vote for most times.
31. KM Mani is the member who was elected to legislative assembly for most times from a single constituency (Pala).
32. M Umesh Rao is the first person who was elected to kerala legislative assembly without any opposition. He was elected from Manjeshwar constituency in 1957.
33. KM Mani is the financial minister who presented budget for most times.
34. KR Gouri Amma is the high aged member who was elected to legislative assembly. R Balakrishna Pillai is the least aged member.
35. Stephen Paduva is the anglo indian member (nominated), who served for most period in kerala legislative assembly. WH Dicruise is the nominated member of first kerala legislative assembly.
36. Tenth kerala legislative assembly (1996 - 2001) is the most women contributed assembly (13 members). Only one woman member was in third legislative assembly (KR Gouri Amma).
37. For seven times, kerala declared President Rule. It was in kerala, the president rule was first declared according to 356th section of constitution and it was in 31 July 1959.
38. It was from 1982 March 17 to May 23, President Rule was last declared.
39. There are 127 members in first kerala legislative assembly. Of these 127 members, 126 were elected members and one was nominated Anglo Indian.
40. R Balakrishna Pillai is the only kerala MLA, who was unqualified according to anti defection act. The declaration was made by speaker Varkala Radhakrishnan in 1990 January 15.
41. First Election to kerala legislative assembly was held in 1957 February – March.
42. Currently there are 141 members in kerala legislative assembly. 140 were elected members and one was nominated Anglo Indian.
43. There are 20 Lok Sabha Constituencies and 9 Rajya Sabha Constituencies in Kerala.
44. Malappuram is the highest populated constituency in Kerala. Wayanad is the least populated constituency.
45. Till now, 5 malayalees were nominated to Rajya Sabha by President. Sardar KM Panicker is the first person to get nomination and the others were G Ramachandran, G Sankara Kurup, Aku Abraham and K Kasturi Rangan.
46. CH Muhammad Koya is the only person who handled the positions Chief Minister, Vice Chief Minister, Minister, Speaker, MP and MLA in kerala.
47. AK Antony is the least aged chief minister of Kerala.
48. Pattom Thanu Pillai handled the governor position in Punjab and Andhra Pradesh after becoming Kerala Chief Minister.
49. R Shankar is the first vice chief minister of Kerala. Avu kader Kutty naha is the most served vice chief minister of kerala. Vice Chief Minister is not a constitutional position.
50. Pattom Thanu Pillai is the only person who headed the constitution of Travancore, Thiru – Kochi and Kerala.
51. It was in 1956 November 1, Kerala High Court came into existence. Lakshadweep and Kerala was its circle. The headquaters of Kerala High Court is Ernakulam.
52. KT Koshi is the first chief justice of Kerala High Court. K Shankaran is the second chief justice.
53. The first malayalee to become Supreme Court Judge is Parakulangara Govinda Menon.

First Ministry of Kerala (1957)

1. E.M.S. Namboothiripad - Chief Minister
2. C. Achutha Menon - Finance
3. T.V. Thomas - Transport
4. K.C. George - Food, Forest
5. K.P. Gopalan - Industry
6. T.A. Majeed - P.W.D
7. P.K.Chathan - Local Self Government
8. Joseph Mundassery - Education, Co-operation
9. K.R. Gauri  - Land Tax, Excise
10. V.R. Krishna Iyer  - Law, Electricity
11. Dr. A.R. Menon - Health
Sree Narayana Guru:

1. Sree Narayana Guru is the social reformer who was considered as the ‘father of kerala renaissance’. He is the great saint, who expressed the message ‘Man of any religion, should be good’.
2. Sree Narayana Guru was born in 1854 August 20 in Vayalvarathu veedu of Chempazhanthy village of Thiruvananthapuram district. The parents of Sree Narayana Guru were Madanasan and Kuttiyamma.
3. His famous Aruvippuram Consecration (Siva) was in the year 1888.
4. SNDP Yogam was founded in 1903 and Guru became the life time President and Kumaranasan as Secretary.
5. Guru founded the Advaitasrama at Aluva on the banks of Periyar in Kollam Era, 1090. He gave the message ‘‘One caste, One Religion, One God for Man’’ at a conference held at the advaitasrama (1915).
6. It was Sree Narayana Guru, who advised with words –‘Strengthen with Society and Satisfy with Education’.
7. In 1922, Tagore visited Sree Narayana Guru. Gandhiji visited Guru at Sivagiri in 1925.
8. Sri Narayana Guru died on 20 September 1928 (5 Kanni 1104 KE)
9. ‘Atmopadesh Satakam’’, ‘‘Darsanamala’’, ‘Jatimeemamsa’, ‘‘Nirvriti Panchakam’’, ‘Ardhanareeswara Sthothram’ etc are the major works of Guru.

K Kelappan:

1. K Kelappan is one of the famous social reformers of Kerala. He is called as ‘Kerala Gandhi’.
2. He was born in Moodadi near Payyoli in 1890 September 9.
3. Kelappan made a relation with Mannath Padmanabhan while working as a college lecture in Changanassery St Burkman College in 1914. He became the president of Nair Bhruthya Janasangham. It is later changed to NSS.
4. He contributed a prominent role in solving the Mappila Revolt in 1921.
5. Jailed during Vaikom Sathyagraha in 1924.
6. He became the Editor of Mathrubhumi in 1929.
7. In Malabar, K. Kelappan led the Salt Satyagraha, walked from Calicut to Payyannur to break the Salt law.
8. He led the Guruvayur Satyagraha. It was K Kelappan, who was elected as first satyagrahi of Kerala when Mahatma Gandhi announced Satyagraha.
9. Resigned from Congress in 1951. Leader of Congress Socialist Party, Kisan Mastoor Party.
10. Resigned from Politics in 1955. After that worked in Renaissance Institution for the rest of the period of life.
11. Died in 1971 October 6.

AK Gopalan:

1. The pioneer among communist party members of kerala. He is known in kerala politics as favourite leader of labourers and a great revolutionist among the famous politicians of kerala history. He is also known as the ‘leader of poors’.
2. He was born in Mavilayi of Kannur district in 1902 July. Father is Rairu Nambiyar and mother is Madhavi Amma.
3. Active in Foreign clothes banning and Khadi promotions in 1927.
4. Arrested for breaking the Salt Law in 1930.
5. Captain of Guruvayur Satyagraha March in 1931. AKG is also the leader of Guruvayur Satyagraha Volunteers.
6. Elected in 1934 as secretary of KPCC.
7. Congress Socialist Party was formed in May 1934.
8. He led the ‘Pattini Jatha’ from Kannur to Madras in July 1936. There were 32 persons in the March.
9. Leader of Malabar March, who were sent for supporting Independence Struggle in Travancore in 1938.
10. Activist in Labour Struggle in Alappuzha.
11. Kerala Committee Secretary of Communist Party in 1944.
12. Elected as All India Kisan Sabha president in 1952. Became Member of Parliament.
13. Arrested for his participation in Gujarat Agitation in 1956.
14. Led the walking march from Kasargod to Thiruvananthapuram in 1966. Submitted the memorandum which includes farmer problems to Government.
15. ‘Micha Bhumi’ Strike in 1971. Arrested for strike in Mudavanmugal Palace.
16. AKG was died in 1977 March 22.
17. The biography of AKG is ‘Ente Jeevitha Katha’.

EMS Namboothiripad:

1. Elamkulam Manaikal Sankaran Namboothiripad is the full name of EMS. The pioneer among Socialist – Marxist activists. The first chief minister of Kerala by Election.
2. Born at Elamkulam Mana near Perinthalmanna in Malappuram in 1909 June 13.
3. Fought against hateful customs of Namboothiri communities. Joined National Movement during his college days.
4. Formed the Congress Socialist Party in 1934. All India Joint Secretary till 1940.
5. Elected in Madras Legislative Assembly in 1939.
6. Sided with CPI (M), when communist party split in 1964. Central Cabinet member of CPI (M) and Polit Bureau member (continued as PB member till his death).
7. General Secretary of CPI (M) in 1977.
8. Communist Party won in 1957 election, which was led by EMS.
9. Kerala Chief Minister in 1957 April 5.
10. EMS is the first communist leader of Asia, who came to administration through Ballot.
11. Dismissed the Government in 1959. Chief Minister for second time in 1967.
12. Opposition leader during the periods, 1960 – 64 and 1970 -77.
13. He is also a writer, the author of several scripts in Malayalam and English.
14. EMS is the most served (in period) opposition leader of Kerala.
15. Died in 1998 March 19.
1. It was in the year 1697, people revolted against British in Anchuthengu and that revolt is called as Anchuthengu Revolt.
2. The first organised revolt against the English in Kerala was Attingal Revolt (1721).
3. Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja is the ruler of Kottayam Nation.
4. Pazhassi was killed during his nation’s war against British in 1805.
5. Kundara Proclamation was held by Veluthampi Dalawa in 1809 January 11.
6. The Kochi Dalawa who made treaty with Veluthampi Dalawa against British Resident Colonel Macaulay is Paliath Achan.
7. Veluthampi Dalawa died at Mannadi in 1809 March 29.
8. The Kurichyas of Wayanad started their revolt against Britsh in 1812 March 25.
9. Raman Nambi led the Kurichyas Revolt.
10. The year in which Channar Revolt occurred in southern travancore is 1859.
11. The malayalee who sanctioned ‘Abolishing Untouchability Resolution’ during Kakinada Conference of Indian National Congress in 1923 is TK Madhavan.
12. The Malayalee Memorial signed by more than 10,000 members was submitted to King, Sree Moolam Thirunal in the year 1891.
13. The motive of formation of Malayali Memorial is for the purpose of obtaining the higher jobs in Travancore administration for the natives of Travancore.
14. GP Pillai and KP Shankara Menon led the Malayali Memorial.
15. The Ezhava Memorial submitted to Travancore king was signed by 13,176 members in the year, 1896 September.
16. The leader of Ezhava Memorial is Dr Palpu.
17. The year in which kerala legislative assembly sanctioned the Joint Family Ban law which resulted in the complete vanish of Marumakkatayam system is 1976.
18. The Janmi-Kudiyan law which sanctioned in legislative assembly that promotes the protection of kudiyans from landlords is in 1896.
19. The land reformation in kerala was came into existence in 1970 January 1, which stopped the land lordism that existed for centuries.
20. The first state in India, which established Land Reforms, is Kerala.
21. The society ‘Youth League’ was established in Thiruvananthapuram in 1931.
22. Travancore State Congress was formed in 1938 February.
23. The first president of Travancore State Congress is Pattom Thanu Pillai.
24. Malabar Revolt was occurred in 1921.
25. The incident which resulted in the death of more than 90 people (who were captured during the Malabar Revolt) while shifting them from Malabar to Vellore Jail in a Goods Wagon is Wagon Tragedy (1921 November 10).
26. Vaikom Sathyagraha was started in 1924 March 30 and ended in November 1925.
27. The Savarna March was led by Mannath Padmanabhan during Vaikom Sathyagraha.
28. Guruvayur Sathyagraha was held in 1931.
29. The Guruvayur Sathyagraha was ended in 1932 October upon instruction from Mahatma Gandhi.
30. The Temple Entry Proclamation was made in 1936 November 12 by King, Sree Chitra Thirunal Balarama Varma for all temples, which was under the control of Travancore Government. Upon this proclamation, all sections of hindus were allowed to enter temples.
31. The Temple Entry Proclamation is the incident that Gandhiji mentioned as ‘Great Wonder of Modern World’.
32. The year in which Temple Entry Proclamation was made in Kochi is 1947 December 20.
33. It was from 1947 June 12 onwards, all temples of malabar allowed all sections of hindus to enter temple.
34. Nivarthana Agitation was held in Travancore against the constitutional reforms of 1932.
35. The Electrol ban made by the sections of Ezhava, Muslim and Christian Communities with an allegation that they doesn’t got their right of getting accurate constituencies, Voting rights and Employment reservations according to population ratio. This movement is called as Nivarthana Agitation.
36. The person who named the above incident as ‘Nivarthana Agitation’ is IC Chacko.
37. The American Model Administration was proposed by Sir C. P.Ramaswami Iyer. He is the diwan who declared Travancore as ‘Independent’.
38. In September 1946, there occurred the Punnapra Vayalar Upheaval against the ‘American Model’ irremovable executive of CP Ramaswami Iyer.
39. ‘American Model in Arabian Sea’ is the slogan raised during Punnapra Vayalar Agitation.
40. The last diwan of Travancore is PGN Unnithan.
41. The‘‘Electricity Agitation’’ was organised against the privatisation of electric supply in Cochin and Thrissur town by Diwan R.K. Shanmukham Chetti (1936).
42. Kochi Praja Rajya constituency was formed in 1941.
43. The Kayyur Riot against caste system and imperialism was occurred in Kasargod (1941).
44. The agitation known as ‘‘Vimochana Samaram’’or ‘Liberation struggle’occurred in 1959 against Communist ministry in Kerala.
45. The Liberation Struggle got its name from the speech made by Panaballi Govinda Menon in Cherthala at 1959 April 16.
46. The EMS Government Ministry collapsed upon Liberation Struggle and the Presidents rule under the Article 356, for the first time began on 31st July 1959.


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