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During the reign of King Janamejaya, there lived a great scholar called Ayoda-Dhaumya. He had three main students. They were Aruni, Upmanyu, and Ved.

Here is a story about his first student, Aruni.

One day, the Guru called Aruni and said to repair the levees of the field, which is damaged and the water is rushing out from the field. Upon the Guru’s wish, he went to the field and started his work. He tried his best to build a levee but he was not able to do it. Tired and exhausted, he then got an idea to block the water flow by himself laid down. He remained in this position the whole day. In the evening, when Ayoda-Dhaumya found that Aruni was not yet returned, he inquired about him to other students. But they also were not aware about him. They went to the field and called Aruni. Hearing the voice of his guru, Aruni stood and apologized for not paying his respects towards guru in the evening. He expressed his sadness for not repairing the levee. Also inquired about what should he pay in return for this and he is ready to serve him all the day. The Guru was pleased with the selfless service of his student. He blessed and had given a new name, Uddalaka which means one who gets up after breaking things. He had also given another name called Kalyan, since he lay in the place of levee though he can’t make it and also not bothered about food or drink. He also blessed him that he should study all Vedas and Dharmashastras automatically without taking much effort. With these blessings from his guru, Aruni leaved the hermitage of Ayoda-Dhaumya and went happily to his native town.

Here is the story of Ayoda-Dhaumya’s second student, Upmanyu.

One day, Ayoda-Dhaumya decided to test Upmanyu’s devotion. He called him and gave a task to guide the cows and protects them all the day. Upmanyu accepted the task and took out the cows for grazing. After the work, the sage asked Upmanyu that he is looking very healthy and how he gets food. Upmanyu calmly replied that he get it by begging. On hearing this, the sage instructed Upmanyu to give all the alms to him. The next day Upmanyu did what his guru said and the sage took away all the food without giving anything to him. The sage continued this and after some days, he noticed that Upmanyu still looked very healthy without food. When he inquired about this, Upmanyu said that he is eating what he got from begging for second time. The sage then scolded Upmanyu that one should not beg for second time since it is the share of other people. The obedient student followed what his teacher said. Still the teacher can’t find a change in student’s health after some days. When inquired, Upmanyu said that he is now drinking some of the milk they give. The sage immediately restricted Upmanyu from taking milk from the cows. Upmanyu obeyed to this wish too.

The teacher again repeated the question about the reason of health. This time, the student replied that he drink foam that calves spurt out after they drink their mother’s milk. The Guru lamented that by doing so he is hindering the calves’ growth. Upmanyu listened and stopped drinking the foam from calves. The next day, when Upmanyu took the cows for grazing as usual, he felt very hungry. With out controlling the hunger, he ate the leaves of the Aak plant. Due to its poisonous juice, Upmanyu lost his eyesight. Blind and also with hunger, he wandered around the forest until he fell into a dry well. When Upamanyu did not return from forest in the evening, the sage was upset and he along with other students went for search. Upmanyu heard his Guru’s voice and replied him that he was in the well. When the sage realized the fact that how he became blind and fell into well, the sage felt that, his test became so pitiless. As a solution to this, he asked Upamanyu to pray Ashwin Kumars (twins who are the Physicians of Gods). Upmanyu prayed and soon the Ashwini Kumars appeared and gave Upmanyu a sweet. But he refused it by saying that he would not eat anything without his teacher’s permission. So impressed with the Upmanyu's devotion towards his teacher, the god blessed him and also restored his eyesight.

Ayodhdhaumya was pleased with Upamanyu’s devotion towards him and said that he had passed the test conducted by him. He also blessed him that he should study all Vedas and Dharmashastras automatically without learning religious texts. With these blessings from his guru, Upmanyu leaved the hermitage and went happily to his native town.

Here is the story of Ayoda-Dhaumya’s third student, Ved.

One day, Ayoda-Dhaumya called his third student, Ved and asked to stay in his house for few days. Ved obeyed the guru. Upon arrival to his house, guru gave a burden of work to him. Without any argument, he did all the work without any hesitation. Guru loaded him work after work, but without any complaint he performed his duties. Pleased with his Selfless altitude, Guru blessed him and set him free to move on with his life. Ved happily accepted his teacher send-off and returned to his native town. He then married a girl and later became a teacher.

King Janamejaya was the descendant of Pandavas Clan who reigned during the Middle Vedic period (12th or 11th century BCE). Janamejaya was a bold warrior and also a wise man.The great battle of Kurushetra left several losses for generations to come. All the sons of Pandavas were killed by a furious warrior named Ashwathama from Kauravas side in the war. The only remained heir from Pandava’s side is Parikshit, who was still in the womb of his widowed mother Uttara when the war happened. This Parikshit was the son of Abhimanyu, who was the son of the great archer, Arjuna. King Janamejaya was the son of King Parikshit. He had three brothers, namely Shrutsen, Ugrasen, and Bhimsen. They ruled India with Hastinapur as capital city.

Once when Janamejaya was performing a Yajna in the plains of Kurushetra, suddenly a small dog ventured inside. Seeing the dog in the sacred site, the king’s brothers captured it and beat it harshly. The dog was injured and it went to its mother with a weeping face. Actually the dog was not just any stray dog. It was the son of a bitch, Sarama who belonged to Gods. The bitch inquired his son about the matter. The small dog cried and told the incidents happened. Firstly, the bitch thought that the dog should have done some crazy things such as looking at the sacred fire or licks or touches anything. Then she found the reality that there is not any wrong thing happened from his son. She went furious and stormed to the Yajna site and inquired the reason for beating. The king and his brothers lost their words. Enraged with this injustice done to her son the bitch cursed that the king should be consumed by a sudden fright.

The king started trembling, but he somehow managed to finish the Yajna and reached Hastinapuri. He then started to search for a learned astrologer to find a solution to recover from this curse. Several astrologers visited, but the king was not satisfied with their wisdom. But One day, he saw a calm hermitage of a sage near the river. The hermitage was the home of a sage called Rishi Shrutshrava. He went inside and paid his respect to the sage. The king also saw a young sage, Somshrava the son of Rishi Shrutshrava on the hermitage who was on a deep meditation. The king expressed his desire of appointing Somshrava as the chief astrologer of his kingdom to Rishi Shrutshrava. The sage replied that he is an esteemed ascetic and has the ability to calm a person. Also he has a secret oath that if a Brahman asks him for a boon, then he will not refuse. Rishi then said that if the king agrees this condition, then Somshrava will come with you.

The king agreed and returned to Hastinapur with Somshrava. Then he introduced Somshrava to his brothers and instructed them to obey the sage. With the new sage’s appointment, the king and his brothers started preparation of invasion of another kingdom called Takshasila.

Vyasa first educated the great epic to his parrot-headed son, the sage Suka. Suka narrated it to Parikshit, Janamejaya’s father. Later, he explained it to numerous other followers so that it must pass through generations.  Tradition believes that Narada conveyed this Mahabharata to devas, while Suka conveyed it to Gandharvas, Rakshasas and the Yakshas.

Jaimini, one of Vyasa’s students heard the story from his teacher. But he was confused and Vyasa is not there to clarify his doubts. He approached Markandeya (a sage blessed with long life) to clear his doubts. But during that time, Markandeya renounced his speech as a part of his Sannyasa. Markandeya’s students directed Jaimini to four birds who had witnessed the Kurukshetra war. They explained Jaimini about the connection of those birds with Kurukshetra war. The story is during Kurukshetra war, the mother of these birds was flying over the battlefield. Suddenly an arrow struck the bird and opened her womb. Four eggs fell out to the ground from her womb. The ground was bloodsoaked, so it doesn’t break. At that time, a bell from the war elephant fall over the egg protected it from battle. The Rishis discovered and realized that the birds inside the eggs had much heard the conversations during the war. So the rishis granted the gift of human speech to these birds. Jaimini cleared his doubts from the birds and he also heard other stories that were not written by Vyasa.

Vaisampayana, another student of Vyasa is the traditional narrator of Mahabharata who revealed the epic for the benefit of humanity. He narrated the story (in the name Jaya) to King Janamejaya (12th or 11th century BCE, Vedic Period) during Sarpa Yaga (Snake Sacrifice). This was overheard by a Suta called Romaharshana, who teach it to his son Ugrashrava. Ugrashrava made a long pilgrimage to various sacred places mentioned in the story and also he visited the battlefield of Kurukshetra war. Afterwards, this story was recited by Ugrashrava (in the name Bharata) to the assembly of sages gathered in Naimisha Forest under the leadership of the Rishi Saunaka.  As Vyasa’s tale moved from one narrator to another, new tales were included. The story grew from a small sapling into a vast tree with many branches and it is renamed to "Mahabharata". 

The Mahabharata is one among the two great Sanskrit epics of ancient India. Ramayana is the other epic. The main aim of Mahabharata is to explain the four goals of life: dharma, artha, Kama, and moksha. Mahabharata is considered as the longest epic in the world. Mahabharata has more than 74,000 verses, lengthy passages, and about 1.8 million words. It was written in Sanskrit language. The oldest preserved parts of the text were believed to be written in around 400 BCE.

GANAPATI, THE SCRIBE: Veda Vyasa, the renowned compiler of the Vedas, was the son of the great sage Parasara Muni. Vyasa presented the divine epic of Mahabharata to the world.

Having visualized the Mahabharata he decided to present this sacred story to the world. So he meditated on Brahma, who is considered as the Creator. Brahma appeared in front of him and asked about his reason for meditation. Vyasa saluted the god and he folded his hands and prayed. He said to Brahma that “Lord, I have conceived an excellent work called “Mahabharata”, but I need a writer to note down my dictation. Brahma told him to invoke Lord Ganapati and beg him to become your amanuensis. Vyasa meditated on Ganapati, who appeared before him and with all respect he sought his help. Lord Ganapati agreed to dictate the story with a condition that, Vyasa should not take a pause or hesitation during dictation. Vyasa agreed the condition by guarding himself that Ganapati should grasp the meaning of lines before writing.  Ganapati smiled and agreed to the condition. Vyasa then started to sing the stanzas of story of the Mahabharata step by step. Occasionally, Ganapati took the pause to grasp the complex stanzas. Vyasa thus got the interval to compose many stanzas in his mind. Thus the Great Mahabharata came to be scripted by Vyasa with Lord Ganapati as scribe. After the completion of writing, Ganapati blessed Vyasa and disappeared. It is believed that the dictation of Mahabharata was done in Akshaya Tritiya, the third day of the waxing moon in the month of Vaishaka.
About the Book: Mahabharata is separated into eighteen books. They are Adi-parva, Sabha-parva, Vana-parva, Virata-parva, Udyoga-parva, Bhishma-parva, Drona-parva, Karna-parva, Shalya-parva, Sauptika-parva, Stri-parva, Shanti-parva, Anusasana-parva, Ashvamedhika-parva, Ashramavasika-parva, Mausala-parva, Mahaprasthanika-parva and Svargarohana-parva.

Adi-parva: Adi Parva has 19 upa-parvas (sub-books) and 236 adhyayas (chapters) in original book. Adi Parva is the first book and it is regarded as the Book of Beginning.In this Parva, it is described how the Mahabharata was narrated by Ugrashrava to the assembly of sages gathered in Naimisha Forest. He begins the story by giving an introduction to brahmin warrior, Parasurama (Sixth avatar of Lord Vishnu), the son of a great saint Jamadagni who waged war against all the Kshatriya communities 21 times in vengeance of father's death. He killed all the kings for this Adharma which happened in the end of later Treta Yuga. The blood flown out of their bodies formed into five lakes. Those five lakes of blood are called “Samanta-panchaka”. At that place later, Mahabharata war took place and the name of that place is Kurukshetra. Parshurama’s massacre of kings only stopped when he met Lord Rama (seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu) from Ikshvaku dynasty, who was so perfect king that he restored Parasurama’s faith in kings and ended his slaughter. He then threw his bloodstained axe into the sea, but the sea withdrew in horror and a new coast was formed. It marked the beginning of Dwapara Yuga.

The wives of all Kshatriyas remained as widows without having a son to become the next heir. They approached virtuous Brahmins and with their blessings, they begot male children. Again, the Kshatriya community began to grow. ILA and Ikshvaku dynasties are the only two prime and real Kshatriya dynasties survived from Parasurama Massacre. It was from ILA, the kuru dynasty later descended. All those kings started to rule the people without violating Dharma. The wet land slowly started to get rain and the foodgrains went abundance. Slowly adharma begun to rose in Dwapara Yuga. It later resulted in the Kurushetra War. At last, Dharma wins over Adharma. After giving the introduction by Ugrashrava, he started the tale with the story of King Janamejaya and the incidents that led him to hear about his forefather's ancestry. Here is the tale taken from Adi Parva of Mahabharata is as follows.

In Kali Yuga (Age of the Demon Kali ):

Chapter 1: The Spread of Mahabharata
Chapter 2: King Janamejaya's Curse
Chapter 3: Uddalaka Aruni, Upmanyu and Ved
Chapter 4: Ved and his student Uttank

Flashback of Stories from Satya Yuga (Era of Truth).

Chapter 5: The Birth of Gods and Manu
Chapter 6: Birth of Arun, Vasuki and Sheshanaga
Chapter 7: Churning the Ocean of Milk & Mohini
Chapter 8: Birth of Garuda and Vinata's Freedom
Chapter 9: Sheshnaga becomes Ananta Shesha
Chapter 10: The Curse on Snakes

Returing to Kali Yuga (Age of the Demon Kali ):

Chapter 11: Jaratkaru and the birth of Astika
Chapter 12: Snake Sacrifice of King Janamejaya

In Dwapara Yuga (Between Treta Yuga and Kali Yuga):

Chapter 13: Brihaspati, Chandra and Tara
Chapter 14: Budha and his wife Ila
Chapter 15: Urvashi and Pururavas
Chapter 16: Devayani, Kacha and Shukra
Chapter 17: Yayati, Devayani and Sharmishtha
Chapter 18: Madhavi ’s forgiveness
Chapter 19: Dushyanta and Shakuntala
Chapter 20: King Bharata and his Descendants
Chapter 21: King Shantanu and Ganga
Chapter 22: Veda Vyasa, the son of Satyavati
Chapter 23: Shantanu, Satyavati and Bhishma’s Oath
Chapter 24: Amba and Bhishma
Chapter 25: Birth of Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidura
Chapter 26: Birth of Pandavas
Chapter 27: Birth of Kauravas
Chapter 28: Death of Pandu
Chapter 29: Kripa And Kripi
Chapter 30: Drona - Teacher of Kauravas and Pandavas
Chapter 31: Arjuna, the greatest Archer
Chapter 32: Eklavya, the mighty Archer
Chapter 33: The Graduation Ceremony
Chapter 34: Karna - the Doomed Hero
Chapter 35: Bhima and the Nagas
Chapter 36: Lakshagraha - The House of Lac
Chapter 37: The escape of the Pandavas
Chapter 38: Bhima killing Bakasura
Chapter 39: Hidimba and Hidimbi
Chapter 40: A Gandharva called Angaraparna
Chapter 41: Drupada got boon from Shiva
Chapter 42: Draupadi ’s swayamvara
Chapter 43: The common wife and Krishna enters

Flashback of Krishna Story from Bhagavata purana

Chapter 44: Birth of Krishna and Balarama
Chapter 45: Childhood of Krishna and Balarama
Chapter 46: The End of Kamsa
Chapter 47: Migration to Dwaraka

Returning to Mahabharatha

Chapter 48: The division of Kuru lands
Chapter 49: The birth of Indraprastha
Chapter 50: Sharing Draupadi and Arjuna's exile
Chapter 51: Ulupi and Chitrangada
Chapter 52: Eloping with Subhadra
Chapter 53: Birth of Abhimanyu and Draupadi’s Sons
Chapter 54: Arjuna gets his Gandiva and Krishna his Chakra
Chapter 55: Nara and Narayana

Sabha-parva: Sabha Parva has 10 upa-parvas and 81 adhyayas in original book. Sabha Parva is the second book and it is regarded as the Book of Assembly Hall. This parva starts with the account of Maya Danava who constructed the assembly hall at Indraprastha. Moreover, the courteous life has also been narrated in a very attractive way in this parva. Other contents of the Sabha Parva are the Narada’s Guidance, Rajasuya Yajna of Yudhisthira, the game of dice and lastly the exile of the Pandavas to the forest.

Chapter 56: Maya builds a Hall
Chapter 57: Narada's guidance to Yudhisthira
Chapter 58: Pandu not qualified for Indrasabha, says Narada
Chapter 59: Yudhishthira consults Krishna on Rajasuya
Chapter 60: Two halves of a baby
Chapter 61: Can Jarasandha be killed?
Chapter 62: Financing the Rajasuya sacrifice.
Chapter 63: Yudhishthira’s Rajasuya sacrifice
Chapter 64: Sisupala obstructs the Rajasuya sacrifice
Chapter 65: The three eyes and four hands of Sisupala
Chapter 66: Sisupala’s blasphemy and its consequences
Chapter 67: Vyasa’s prediction after the Rajasuya
Chapter 68: Yudhishthira’s vow
Chapter 69: Duryodhana’s exhibition in Maya’s hall
Chapter 70: Sakuni’s scheme for a dice game.
Chapter 71: Pandavas invited for dice game
Chapter 72: Hurrah! I have won.
Chapter 73: Duryodhana insults Vidura.
Chapter 74: Yudhishthira wagers brothers .and Draupadi.
Chapter 75: Draupadi is dragged to the gambling hall.
Chapter 76: Draupadi’s appeals fall on deaf ears.
Chapter 77: The attempt to disrobe Draupadi.
Chapter 78: Radheya's hurting words.
Chapter 79: Bhima’s vow.
Chapter 80: Dhritarashtra is frightened
Chapter 81: Hook Yudhishthira once again, cries Duryodhana.
Chapter 82: The second dice game.
Chapter 83: Pandavas vow again.
Chapter 84: Vidura describes Pandavas’ exit.
Chapter 85: Ominous forebodings
Chapter 86: Drona’s warning to Duryodhana

Vana Parva: Aranyaka Parva or Vana Parva, which is also known as the Book of the Forest, is the third book in the sequel of the great epic of Mahabharata. This book narrates the tale of the twelve years of exile of the Pandavas in the forest. It also gives an account of the incident that how the Pandavas were deceitfully defeated in the game of dice by the sons of Dhritarashtra and their counsellors and in addition to that how the Kaurava’s cruel words brought about Kuru Clan’s two branches. This parva comprises of sixteen sub parvas.

Chapter 87: The celestial bowl from the Sun god.
Chapter 88: The irresolute king.
Chapter 89: Duryodhana desires to kill the Pandavas.
Chapter 90: Duryodhana collects a curse.
Chapter 91: Bhima kills Bakasura’s brother.
Chapter 92: Salwa’s action brings his own doom.
Chapter 93: Pandavas proceed to Dwaita.
Chapter 94: Arjuna leaves to acquire weapons.
Chapter 95: Arjuna meets Indra.
Chapter 96: Arjuna’s scorching penance.
Chapter 97: Siva gives Arjuna the Pasupata.
Chapter 98: The gods give Arjuna their weapons.
Chapter 99: Arjuna reaches Indra’s hall.
Chapter 100: Urvasi curses Arjuna.
Chapter 101: Arjuna subdues the Nivata-Kavachas.
Chapter 102: Brihadwaswa tells Nala’s story to Yudhishthira, teaches dice game
Chapter 103: Pandavas plan pilgrimage.
Chapter 104: The pilgrims’ progress.
Chapter 105: The lotus of Gandhamadana.
Chapter 106: The monkey that subdued Bhima.
Chapter 107: A traitor in the Pandava camp.
Chapter 108: Arjuna returns.
Chapter 109: A fallen Indra is redeemed.
Chapter 110: Return to Dwaitavana.
Chapter 111: The arrival of Kalki.
Chapter 112: A needless humiliation for Duryodhana.
Chapter 113: Duryodhana's strange dream.
Chapter 114: The Vaishnava sacrifice.
Chapter 115: Pandavas' hospitality tested.
Chapter 116: Give me food, demands Krishna.
Chapter 117: Jayadratha is chastised.
Chapter 118: The love story of Savitri and Satyavan
Chapter 119: Radheya loses his ear-rings and mail.
Chapter 120: Yudhishthira answers the Yaksha.

Virata Parva:

Chapter 122: A disguise for each Pandava.
Chapter 123: Dhaumya’s words of wisdom.
Chapter 124: Pandavas infiltrate Virata’s court.
Chapter 125: Bhima’s wrestling match.
Chapter 126: Kichaka’s overtures to Draupadi.
Chapter 127: Kichaka’s infatuation and devious plans.
Chapter 128: Kichaka pays dearly.
Chapter 129: The scene at Kichaka’s funeral.
Chapter 130: Duryodhana’s search for the Pandavas.
Chapter 131: Duryodhana battles Virata.
Chapter 132: Who is that eunach?
Chapter 133: Arjuna routs the Kauravas.
Chapter 134: Virata hits Kanka.
Chapter 135: Abhimanyu marries Uttara.

Udyoga Parva:

Chapter 136: The gathering storm.
Chapter 137: Duryodhana and Arjuna both seek Krishna’s help.
Chapter 138: Duryodhana manipulates Salya.
Chapter 139: How Nahusha became a serpent.
Chapter 140: Drupada’s messenger to Dhritarashtra.
Chapter 141: Sanjaya reports to Dhritarashtra.
Chapter 142: Elders’ plea to Duryodhana.
Chapter 143: Duryodhana’s rage at elders.
Chapter 144: Krishna counsels Pandavas.
Chapter 145: Krishna goes to Kaurava court.
Chapter 146: Krishna’s no to Duryodhana.
Chapter 147: Rishis invited to court.
Chapter 148: Krishna’s brief to Kauravas.
Chapter 149: Not a needlepoint, says Duryodhana.
Chapter 150: Duryodhana plans to imprison Krishna.
Chapter 151: Krishna shows Duryodhana his terrible form.
Chapter 152: Krishna’s encounter with Karna.
Chapter 153: Karna’s vow to Kunti, I shall kill only Arjuna.
Chapter 154: Commander-in-Chief of Pandava army.
Chapter 155: The Army marches.
Chapter 156: Either Karna or I, says Bhishma.
Chapter 157: Balarama leaves on pilgrimage.
Chapter 158: Rukmi makes a spectacle of himself.
Chapter 159: A jesting Duryodhana sends Sakuni’s son to the Pandavas.
Chapter 160: Karna in special category.
Chapter 161: How long would the War last?.

Bhishma Parva:

Chapter 162: Sanjaya becomes Dhritarashtra’s eyes.
Chapter 163: Battle positions.
Chapter 164: The conches sound.
Chapter 165: Arjuna lays down his bow.
Chapter 166: The god speaks.
Chapter 167: Yudhishthira’s strange move.
Chapter 168: Krishna meets Karna again.
Chapter 169: Yuyutsu joins Pandavas.
Chapter 170: Day 1 of Battle – Bhishma routs the Pandavas.
Chapter 171: Day 2 of Battle – Duryodhana taunts Bhishma.
Chapter 172: Day 3 of Battle – Bhishma pleads with Krishna to kill him.
Chapter 173: Day 4 of Battle – Bhima causes havoc.
Chapter 174: Day 5 of Battle – Honours are shared.
Chapter 175: Day 6 of Battle – Dhritarashtra’s frustration and Sanjaya’s answer.
Chapter 176: Day 7 of Battle – Abhimanyu lets off Duryodhana’s brothers.
Chapter 177: Day 8 of Battle – Iravat, Arjuna’s valiant son.
Chapter 178: Day 9 of Battle – How to kill Bhishma?
Chapter 179: Day 10 of Battle – Closing-in on Bhishma..

Drona Parva:

Chapter 180: Day 11 of Battle – Drona becomes Kaurava military chief.
Chapter 181: Day 12 of Battle – I shall capture Yudhishthira, vows Drona.
Chapter 182: Day 13 of Battle – Abhimanyu and the Chakra formation.
Chapter 183: Day 14 of Battle – A day without end for Jayadratha.
Chapter 184: Day 15 of Battle – The prince of truth utters a lie.

Karna Parva:

Chapter 185: Day 16 of Battle – Kauravas’ new general.
Chapter 186: Day 17 of Battle – The tragedy that was Karna.

Salya Parva:

Chapter 187: Day 18 of Battle – The sun sets on the Great War.
Chapter 188: Duryodhana goes into hiding.
Chapter 189: I have nothing to fight for, says Duryodhana.
Chapter 190: A sudden-death offer from Yudhishthira.
Chapter 191: Duryodhana and Bhima, the final showdown.
Chapter 192: Duryodhana accuses Krishna.

Sauptika Parva:

Chapter 193: Aswatthama on the rampage.
Chapter 194: Mission accomplished,
Chapter 195: Aswatthama reports to dying Duryodhana.
Chapter 196: The hunt for Aswatthama.

Stree Parva:

Chapter 197: Dhritarashtra’s deadly embrace.
Chapter 198: Gandhari curses Krishna.

Santhi Parva:

Chapter 199: Bhishma’s discourse

Anusasana Parva:

Chapter 200: Death waits on Bhishma

Aswamedha Parva:

Chapter 201: Finance for a Horse sacrifice.
Chapter 202: Abhimanyu’s son is born.
Chapter 203: Yudhishthira performs the Horse sacrifice.
Chapter 204: Ulipi engineers Arjuna’s death.
Chapter 205: A strange intruder during sacrifice

Asramavasaka Parva:

Chapter 206: Yudhishthira, a benevolent monarch.
Chapter 207: Bhima’s remarks and Dhritarashtra’s reaction.
Chapter 208: Dhritarashtra takes to the forest.
Chapter 209: The soul of Vidura.
Chapter 210: The living meet the dead.
Chapter 211: Dhritarashtra, Gandhari and Kunti die.

Mausala Parva:

Chapter 212: Story of the iron rod.
Chapter 213: Asses born to cows, mules to elephants.
Chapter 214: Krishna’s death.
Chapter 215: Arjuna visits Dwaraka.
Chapter 216: Dwaraka disappears.

Mahaprasthanika Parva:

Chapter 217: Pandavas’ journey to the next world.
Chapter 218: “Why has Draupadi fallen?”
Chapter 219: The dog that followed Yudhishthira

Svargarohana Parva:

Chapter 220: Duryodhana in Heaven.
Chapter 221: Yudhishthira’s visit to Hell.
Chapter 222: Yudhishthira attains Heaven

To be Contd...

251. In which year did the French Revolution begin:  1789

252. Census in India is taken regularly once in every:  10 years

253. Which is the oldest mountain range in India?  The Aravallis

254. Sanchi Stupa is in ------ State:  Madhya Pradesh

255. Abyssinia is the former name of:  Ethiopia

256. ---- Vitamin is also known as Thiamine:  Vitamin B

257. Dry Ice is ----:  Solid Carbon Dioxide

258. Which of the following is not an award for displaying Gallantry:  Padma Shri

259. The Bhoodan Movement was launched by;  Vinoba Bhave

260. Which acid is present in lemon:  Citric Acid

261. The layer of atmosphere close to Earth’s surface is: Troposphere

262. Fundamental Right deleted from Indian Constitution is: Right to Property

263. The chemical name of Washing Soda: Sodium Carbonate

264. The first Carnatic war came to an end with the: Treaty of Aix-la-Chappelle

265. The Grant Trunk Road is built by:  Shershah Suri

266. Wagon Tragedy was associated with: Malabar Rebellion

267. Vellore Mutiny was the first instance of mutiny in India. When did it take place: 1806 July 10

268. Telugu Desam Party was founded on March 29, 1982. Who was its founder: N.T.Rama Rao

269. The famous book of Leo Tolstoy is: War and Peace

270. Who was the political guru of Gandhiji: Gopalakrishna Gokhale

271. The words Socialist, Secular, and Integrity were added to the Constitution by:  Forty Second Amendment Act, 1976

272. The day celebrated as Women’s Day: March 8

273. International Men’s Day:  November 19

274. The international women’s day celebrated by UN in: 1975

275. National Girl Child Day: January 24

276. Which among the following National Highway route is longest: Varanasi – Kanyakumari, NH 7

277. Biggest organ of human body: Liver

278. What is the modern name of Formosa: Taiwan

279. The Temple entry proclamation was issued by: Sree Chitra Thirunal

280. 2003-ub-213 is the name given to: a dwarf planet

281. Author of The Davinci Code is : Dan Brown

282. The chemical content of laughing gas is: Nitrous Oxide

283. The housing minister of kerala behind the concept of Laksham Veedu:  M N Govindan Nair

284. Who was the last guru of Sikhs. Gobind Singh

285. Brahma Samaj was founded by:  Raja Ram Mohan Roy

286. Nobel Prize in which field is not paid out of the endowment set up by Dr. Alfred Nobel; Economics

287. The british formed the East India Company in: 1600

288. Life of RBC in human body is  120 Days

289. The first Malayalee Cabinet Minister in the Govt of India is: Dr John Mathai

290. The Jog Falls are in the river; Sharavathi

291. Commonwealth of Independent States consists of: Member countries of former USSR

292. The filament of an electric bulb is generally made from: Tungsten

293. Which city in India was planned by Swiss architect Le Corbussier: Chandigarh

294. The highest peak in Kerala: Anamudi

295. In which state the Jallianwalabagh incident took place: Punjab

296. Caspian Lake is situated in the continent: Asia

297. Badminton originated in: India

298. The only Asian country among G8 countries: Japan

299. Chipco Movement is associated with: Protection of Natural Environment

300. ‘I Have nothing to offer except blood, sweat and tears’ was said by; Winston Churchill

301. In which language Gandhiji wrote ‘My Struggle with Truth’: Gujarathi

302. Samuel L Clemens was popularly known: Mark Twain

303. Kendra Sangeetha Nataka Academy was set up in the year: 1953

304. The disease caused by the deficiency of Vitamin A: Xerophthalmia

305. Who was the Prime Minister of Britain when India got Independence: Clement Atlee

306. NAAC is associated with: Grading of education institutions.

307. MILMA is organized in the year: 1980

308. The Chilka Lake is in Orissa

309. Eighth member of SAARC: Afghanistan

310. Best conductor of heat and electricity is: Silver

311. Perumon Tragedy is related with Ashtamudi Lake

312. The author of the work ‘History will Absolve Me’: Fidel Castro

313. ‘City of Lakes’ is Udaipur

314. The country that celebrates January 26 as the National Day besides India: Australia

315. The country which implemented postal stamp first: England

316. The Malayalam film director who received Dada Sahib Phalke Award: Adoor Gopalakrishnan

317. A killed vaccine: Typhoid

318. Which of the following schedules in the constitution is concerned with the various languages spoken in the country: Eighth Schedule

319. With which metal is the filament of electric bulb made: Tungsten

320. When first modern Olympics is held: 1896

321. Permanent hardness of water may be removed by the addition of: Sodium Carbonate

322. Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) consists mainly of: Methane, Butane and Propane

323. Water soluble Vitamin: Vitamin B Complex

324. The Orange Book belongs to: Netherlands

325. Who was the founder of Khilji Dynasty: Jalaludheen Khilji

326. The enzyme which helps in the digestion of fat is: Lipase

327. The sports term Chinaman is associated with: Cricket

328. If a solution has Ph-7, it means that the solution is: Neutral

329. Who is known as the Iron Man of India: Sardar Vallabhai Patel

330. Kyoto Conference was held in: 1997

331. Three primary colors of light are: Red, Green, Blue

332. Law Advisor of the Central Government: Attorney General

333. About 80 to 88 percent of milk consists of:  Water

334. Who is associated with White Revolution: Dr.V.Kurien

335. Golden State of America is:  California

336. Where was Nelson Mandela held in prison for 27 years; Robben Island

337. A thing of beauty is a joy forever. This is the famous line of: John Keats

338. The International Tourism Year: 1967

339. The Great Wall of China was built by: Shi Huang Ti

340. First Governor of Kerala was: B Ramakrishna Rao

341. Dynamo was discovered by: Michael Faraday

342. What was an important event in the history of Christianity in Kerala: Udayamperur Sunahados

343. Which flower is called as Chinese Rose?  Hibiscus

344. Permissible noise level at day and night in residential area: 55 DB – 40 DB

345. Hinayana and Mahayana are the two divisions of: Buddhism

346. The Odakkuzhal Award is given in the memory of: G Sankarakurup

347. Where was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born:  Porbandar

348. The Pide Piper of Hamlin is a poem very popular among children. Who wrote this poem: Robert Browning

349. How many types of galaxies are there: Three

350. Acid used in car battery: Sulphuric Acid
General Knowledge:

1. ‘Tashkant Declaration’ is related with - Indo-Pak war of 1965

2. The official language of Nagaland; - English

3. During the British Rule, which river in Kerala was nicknamed as ‘English Channel - Mahe River

4. Among the major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth, which one passes through India - Tropic of Cancer

5. Who was the first Indian to become a member of the British Parliament - Dadabhai Naoroji

6. ‘Jatakas’ are the sacred book of - Buddhists

7. Kalahari Desert is in - Africa

8. Psephology is a - Statistical Study of elections, voting etc

9. Who was the Congress President when India attained independence - J.B.Kripalani

10. In which year the University of Kerala was established - 1937

11. The hardest natural substance known in the world is - Diamond

12. The Last Supper is a painting by - Leonardo Da Vinci

13. The famous ‘Gayathri Manthram’  is in - Rig Veda

14. A musician of Kerala, who could sing in all the six-beating times was - Govinda Marar

15. Rourkela Steel Plant is located in - Orissa

16. The currency of France is - Euro

17. The free operating system Linux was developed by - Linus Torwalds

18. The sun’s energy is produced by - Nuclear fusion

19. Which is the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust - Aluminium

20. The total number of districts of Kerala having sea shore as one of their boundaries - 9

21. ELISA Test is an investigation to find out the presence of a disease. Which of the following is the disease - AIDS

22. The first Communist ministry in Kerala came to power in the Year - 1957

23. The capital of Harsha’s Empire was - Kanauj

24. The length of Konkan Railway is - 760 km

25. Who among the following wrote the book ‘Train to Pakistan’ - Khushwant Singh

26. Sunlight reaches Earth in about - 500 seconds

27. The International Tourism Year - 1967

28. Paper Gold is - Special Drawing Right

29. River Danube is in - Europe

30. The first and only Muslim woman ruler who ever ruled Delhi was - Sultana Razia

31. When Speed Post came into existence in India - 1986 August

32. Universal donor of all blood groups - O

33. Which country is known as  Land of Thousand Lakes - Finland

34. The first woman Governor of India was - Sarojini Naidu

35. The first complete literacy district of India - Ernakulam

36. The difference between Indian Standard Time and Greenwich time - 5 and half hours ahead

37. The highest Indian peak is - Godwin Austin

38. All commonwealth countries were once the colony of - Britain

39. The vitamin which loses after heating - Vitamin C

40. How many percent of Earth surface should be Forest - 33%

41. Which one is not a product of Rabi - Paddy

42. Which living being lays biggest egg - Ostrich

43. The first man in Space is - Yuri Gagarin

44. ‘Coolie’ is written by - Mulk Raj Anand

45. Which country is top in tea production - China

46. Year in which Delhi became the capital of India is - 1911

47. The latest country which became the member of UNO - Montenegro

48. Which of the following temple is called as Black Pagoda - Konark Sun Temple

49. Who established Atma Vidya Sangham? - Vagbhatananda

50. In which district, Silent valley is located? - Palakkad

51. How many types of galaxies are there - Three

52. Stock Exchanges in India are regulated by - SEBI

53. Hibernation is - Winter Sleep

54. The first battle of Panipat was fought between Babar and ------ - Ibrahim Lodi

55. Which of the following countries does not belong to OPEC

56. Davis Cup is associated with - Tennis

57. Kuchupudi is a dance style originated from - Andhra Pradesh

58. The famous work of Karl Marx is - Das Capital

59. India is the ------------- largest country in the world - Seventh

60. Who painted the famous picture ‘Sun Flowers’ - Van Gogh

61. Who discovered color blindness - John Dalton

62. What is the function of kidney in human body - To filter waste materials

63. Which country apart from India celebrates its Independence Day on 15th August - South Korea

64. Bharathapuzha originates from - Anamala

65. The study of birds is called - Ornithology

66. The play Malavikagnimitram was written by - Kalidasa

67. RK Laxman is associated with - Cartoon

68. Horthus Malabaricus is a 17th century book published in twelve volumes describing the plants in Malabar. This work based on scientific study which was done by - The Dutch

69. The Planning Commission of India is - An Advisory body

70. The temperate grasslands of South America is called - Pampas

71. The Sanskrit work ‘Amarakosha’ deals with - Grammer

72. The Asian Development Bank has its headquarters has its headquarters at - Manila

73. Mina Mata disease is caused by - Mercury

74. In which year states of India were divided on a linguistic basis - 1956

75. The spiritual leader who played a significant role in the establishment of the Vijayanagar Empire - Vidyaranya

76. Which language is known as the Camp Language - Urdu

77. How many Parliamentary constituencies are there in Kerala - 20

78. Jharia, Bokaro, Raniganj, Singereni are names of - Coal Fields

79. Which of the following books was written by Arundhati Roy - The God of Small Things

80. Which acid is present in lemon - Citric Acid

81. Normal body temperature - 98.6 Degree F

82. Who was the first woman Governor of Kerala - Jyothi Venkitachalam

83. Heartburn refers to an uneasy burning sensation in the - Stomach

84. Marble is a form of - Calcium Carbonate

85. Hypo, used in Photography, is chemically - Sodium Thiosulphate

86. The religion which has no holy scripts - Shintoism

87. Din Ilahi was the religion founded by - Akbar

88. Name the longest dam in India - Hirakud

89. Where is the seat of the International Court of Justice - The Hague

90. First Five Year Plan in independent India was launched in the year - 1951

91. The gas that turns clear lime water milky is - Carbon Dioxide

92. The book ‘A Passage to England’ was written by - Nirad C. Choudhari

93. Indian Union has the power to make laws on - 97 Subjects

94. The only liquid metal is - Mercury

95. Who drafted the Declaration of American Independence - Thomas Jefferson

96. For acting in which film did Ben Kingsley get the Oscar for Best Actor - Gandhi

97. The mountain range lies between the rivers Narmada and Tapti - Satpura

98. Which river crosses the equator twice - Congo

99. The first Indian to score a century in Test Cricket was - Lala Amarnath

100. Which of the following elements is present in all acids - Hydrogen
101. The oldest written constitution in the world: USA

102. Among the following Portuguese colonies in India, which one is an island:  Diu

103. Fourth Buddhist Council was presided over by:  Vasumitra

104. Google is a :  Search Engine

105. Which one is the most oldest newspaper in India: Bombay Samachar

106. Corundum is a mineral of:  Aluminium

107. Zinc Phosphide is an efficient: Rodenticide

108. Who is the Supreme Commander of Indian Armed Forces:  President

109. The first opposition leader in Indian Parliament: AK Gopalan

110. Who was the Political guru of Gandhiji: Gopalakrishna Gokhale

111. When was the Magna Carta signed by King John of England: 1215

112. The founder of Shantiniketan: Rabindranath Tagore

113. Which mobile communication provider was the first to cross the five million customer mark in India: Airtel

114. Who wrote Pather Panchali? Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay

115. ‘Gods own country’ related to: Sasi Tharur

116. Tobacco was introduced in India by: Portuguese

117. Fourth Estate is the term used to denote: Press

118. Which metal is called as Quick Silver: Mercury

119. The material used in the manufacture of lead pencil: Graphite

120. What was the result of Kerala-Portuguese relation: Chavittunatakam

121. Bordeaux Mixture, one of the best known fungicides is a mixture of: Copper Sulphate and Lime

122. The venue of Commonwealth Games 2010: Delhi

123. The color of Black Box used in aeroplanes is: Orange

124. The oldest dynasty in South Kerala: Ayi Raja Vamsam

125. The metal which is found most in human body: Calcium

126. Erethrean Sea is: Red Sea

127. Which one of the following is in the Concurrent List of the Constitution: Education

128. Author of ‘Sathyardhaprakasha’ – Dayananda Saraswathy

129. Which cloth is used to make our National Flag: Handwoven Khadi

130. Which of the following is a common constituent of transistor:  Germanium

131. The sex of the child is determined by: Chromosomes of father

132. UNICEF is an international body concerned with the welfare of: Children

133. The author of Wealth of Nations:  Adam Smith

134. Ramakrishna Mission was founded by:  Swami Vivekananda

135. VK Krishna Menon was born in the year:  1896

136. The first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal is: Karnam Malleswari

137. The first railway line in India was started in the year:  1853

138. In fireworks the green flame is produced because :  Barium

139. The largest Grama Panchayath in Kerala is: Kumali

140. The Headquarters of the Bureau of Indian Standards is located at: New Delhi

141. From which year onwards October 2nd is observed as World Non-violence Day: 2007

142. Which planet takes 84 years to rotate the Sun: Uranus

143. The capital city of Pallavas was:  Kanchi

144. Heaviest metal is: Osmium

145. When was the Children’s Film Society established:  1955

146. Malaria is caused by: Plasmodium (Protozoan)

147. The official agency to prepare school textbooks in Kerala is entrusted with: SCERT

148. The Ganges beyond Farakka after entering Bangladesh is known as: Padma

149. The gland, which in relation to body size is largest at birth and then gradually shrinks after puberty is: Thymus

150. In which state of India is the headquarters of the Oil and Natural Gas Commision located: Uttarakhand

151. The largest animal ever to have lived on land were some groups of dinosaurs. When did they become extinct: 65 million years ago

152. Number of bones in the human body: 206

153. Chattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand were formed in the year: 2000

154. The Da Vinci Code is a novel written by an American author. What is his name: Dan Brown

155. A High court judge can hold office till he attains the age of: 62

156. The Act which ended the rule of East India Company: 1858 Act

157. The main content of gober gas is: Methane

158. Doctrine of Lapse was applied by : Dalhousie

159. O. Henry is the pen name of:  William Sydney Porter

160. EEG is used to study the functions of : Brain

161. The Great Britain comprises of England, Scotland and : Wales

162. Knot is used for measuring: Speed of Ship

163. Kuka Movement to overthrow the British rule was organized in : Punjab

164. Chemical name of Aspirin: Acetyl Salicylic Acid

165. Mega Bytes is the unit for measuring: Memory capacity of computer

166. What is Flying Fox:  A kind of Bat

167. Otology is the study of:  Ear disease

168. The foreigner who wrote the book Kerala Pazhama:  Herman Gundert

169. Asia and Europe are divided by : Ural Mountains

170. KIMONO is the dress style of:  Japan

171. In which category of winds does cyclone falls:  Variable Winds

172. Which disease is also known as Hansen’s disease: Leprosy

173. When did the U.N.General Assembly adopt the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: December 10, 1948

174. Who was the young Anglo-Indian poet freedom fighter who was removed from the Hindu College in 1831 for his radicalism: Henry Derozio

175. Galileo Galilei was an --------- scientist:  Italian

176. The largest hydro-electric project in Kerala is: Idukki Project

177. The chemical name of Bleaching powder is : Calcium oxy chloride

178. The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) was founded by : Birla and Thakurdas

179. ‘Straight from the Heart’ is the autobiography of : Kapil Dev

180. The first ship building yard in India was set up in: Visakhapatanam

181. An example for sedimentary rock: Shale

182. Inflation is calculated by Govt of India on the basis of : Wholesale Price Index

183. Which of the following is not a natural fiber:  Rayon

184. Rarest element on the Earth’s surface: Astatine

185. Father of cell phone: Martin Cooper

186. The author of ‘Panchatantra’ – Vishnu Sharma

187. Easter Rebellion was the : Ireland Revolution

188. The strait that separates the continents of Asia and North America is: Bering Strait

189. The most common form of irrigation in India: Well Irrigation

190. The Solar System belongs to the galaxy called: Milky Way

191. When was Television first introduced in India:  1959

192. Which national leader is called as Lokamanya: Bal Gangadhar Tilak

193. The first Prime Minister of Pakistan: Liaquat Ali Khan

194. The first advertisement telecast on TV was about: Watch

195. Artocarpus integrifolia is the scientific name of: Jack Fruit

196. The Space Age began with the launching of Sputnic-1. When did it began: 4th October 1957

197. The highest commissioned rank in the Indian Army: General

198. ‘Patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel’ Who said this: Samuel Johnson

199. The only indian Governer General is: C Rajagopalachari

200. Who was the first President of the Kerala Sahitya Academy:  KM Panicker

201. What is the name of the acid in grapes: Tartaric Acid

202. Where is the World Intellectual Property Organisation located: Geneva

203. Which Organisms is most in the world:  Beetle

204. The chairman of the National Knowledge Commision: Sam Pitroda

205. ‘Bird Man of India’:  Salim Ali

206. Cricket originated in : England

207. Who convenes the joint session of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha: President

208. ‘Ariyittuvazhcha’ was the coronation ceremony of:  Zamorins

209. The capital of Tipu Sulthan:  Sree Ranga Pattanam

210. Degenerative disease: Arthritis, Heart Attack, Diabates Mellitus

211. ‘Western Disturbances’ is associated with: Weather

212. How many members can be nominated to Lok Sabha by President:  2

213. Which country will always be in the frontline of Olympic March Past: Greece

214. Who was known as the ‘Grand Old Man of India’:  Dadabhai Naoroji

215. The Agency that works on agriculture and food production: FAO

216. The officer who has the right to speak and take part in the proceedings of the Parliament without voting right:  The Attorney General

217. Which period was considered as the Plan Holiday? : 1966 – 69

218. Who is the author of the book ‘The Road Ahead’: Bill Gates

219. The total length of Konkan Railway is : 760 km

220. The element that does not have neutrons in its atom: Hydrogen

221. ‘Mamankam’ was held at the river shore of : Bharathapuzha

222. When SAF games started:  1984

223. Which European country is known as the ‘Land of a thousand Lakes’: Finland

224. Who is the author of the novel ‘Alchemist’: Paulo Coelho

225. Indian citizenship can be acquired by : Birth, Descent, Naturalisation

226. International Olympic Committee was formed in the year: 1894

227. The planet having largest number of satellites: Jupiter

228. In which Shakespearean play are the famous words uttered ‘Frailty, thy name is woman’: Hamlet

229. How many squares are there in a chess board: Sixty Four

230. Adolph Hitler committed suicide in: 1945

231. ‘Universal Donar’ in blood transfusion belongs to the blood group: O

232. The highest science award in India: India Science Award

233. The author of ‘India Today’: R.P.Dutt

234. World Nurses Day is observed on: May 12

235. The leading jute producing state of India: West Bengal

236. James Bond is a character created by : Ian Fleming

237. Father of Internet: Vint Cerf

238. Second Kerala Chief Minister is : Pattom Thanu Pillai

239. The medulla oblongetta is concerned with the control of: Heartbeat

240. Nehru Award winner for International Understanding in the year 1996: Award not given

241. The first non-congress Prime Minister of India was:  Morarji Desai

242. Manikaran Power Plant is in: Himachal Pradesh

243. The hot, dry wind that blows in north india during summer is: Loo

244. Iberian Airlines is the official Airlines of : Spain

245. King of fruits is : Mango

246. Who was the first chief minister of Thiru-Kochi: T.K.Narayana Pillai

247. First official census in India was conducted on : 1881

248. Which is the first national park in Kerala: Iravikulam

249. The vaccine for small pox is invented by: Edward Jenner

250. The author of ‘Origin of Species’: Charles Darwin
Choose the Correct Answer English Grammar:

01.He (knows) five Indian Languages, and he is good atall of them.
(a) know       (b) knows      (c) is knowing      (d) has known

02.They just (complete) the work.
(a)  are just completing       (b) have just completed      (c) complete      (d) have just been completing

03.The doctor (tell) me yesterday that he would be available for consultation on Monday next.
(a)  told       (b) had told      (c) was telling      (d) had been telling

04.Whenever he has some time to spare, he (come) to see me.
(a)  came       (b) comes      (c) has been coming      (d) was coming

05.Mother (lay) the table while the maid was washing the plates.
(a)  laid       (b) had laid      (c) had been laying      (d) lays

06.Ever Year I (go) to Ooty with my family during the Summer Holidays.
(a)  am going       (b) go      (c) goes      (d) have been going

07.The country (not succeed) in providing the basic needs of five people.
(a)  has not succeeded       (b) have not succeeded      (c) do not succeed      (d) has not been succeeding

08.If you (lose) your purse, I would advice you to inform the police.
(a)  lost       (b) have lost      (c) are losing      (d) had lost

09.When I was in Chennai, I usually (meet) him at the Marina Beach.
(a)  was usually meeting       (b) met      (c) had met      (d) had been meeting

10.Large crowds waited at the airport when the victorious cricket team (return) home.
(a)  was returning       (b) had returned      (c) returned      (d) had been returning

11.I (prefer) reading to watching TV.
(a)  have been preferring       (b) prefers      (c) am preferring      (d) prefer

12.I just know now (get) a letter from my brother in Dubai informing me of his arrival home next week.
(a)  am just now getting       (b) have just been getting      (c) have just now got      (d) get

13.What you (do) with your hair ? I could not recognize you at first.
(a)  did you do       (b) had you done      (c) have you done      (d) have you being doing

14.We usually (have) our support at 7 pm.when we were young.
(a)  have       (b) had had      (c) were having      (d) had

15.It (rain) cats and dogs at this time yesterday.
(a)  rains       (b) was raining      (c) had rained      (d) had been raining

16.It (rain) now.
(a)  is raining       (b) rains      (c) has been raining      (d) has rained

17.We already (have) lunch.
(a)  has already had       (b) have already had      (c) are already having      (d) have

18.My driver left me last week. I do not know where he (go).
(a)  went       (b) had gone      (c) was going      (d) has gone

19.At the sealevel, water (boil) at 100 degree celcius.
(a)  was boiling      (b) boiled      (c) has been boiling      (d) boils

20.The fire was spreading fast, so we (break) a window to get out.
(a)  broke      (b) break      (c) had broken      (d) were breaking

21.I strongly (object) to your smoking in this room.
(a)  am stringly objecting      (b) have strongly objected      (c) object      (d) have been strongly objecting

22.I  (go) through your explanation and regret to say it is not satisfactory.
(a)  go      (b) have gone      (c) am going     (d) have been going

23.I  (not speak) to him for over a week.
(a)  do not speak      (b) have not been speaking      (c) have not spoken     (d) did not speak

24.Students frequently  (go) wrong when they do grammer exercises.
(a)  were going      (b) went      (c) go     (d) had gone

25.We  (run) into a waiting shed when the strom lashed.
(a)  were running      (b) had run      (c) ran     (d) had been running

26.They (not talk)  to each other since they quarrelled.
(a)  have not been talking      (b) have not talked      (c) are not talking     (d) do not talk

27.He (work)  here since 1999.
(a)  is working      (b) works      (c) has worked     (d) has been working

28.How long ago the aeroplane (land).
(a)  did the aeroplane land      (b) has the aeroplane landed      (c) was the aeroplane landing     (d) had the aeroplane landed.

29.Father (take)  our dog out for a walk every morning last year.
(a)  was taking      (b) had been taking      (c) took     (d) has been taking

30.Hundreds of tourists  (sit) on the beach when the tsunami struck.
(a)  were sitting      (b) sat      (c) had been sitting     (d) had sat

31.I (wait) for you since three o’ clock..
(a)  have been waiting      (b) am waiting      (c) have waited     (d) wait

32.She (teach) grammer for the last half an hour.
(a)  has been teaching      (b) teaches      (c) is teaching     (d) teach

33.We (not pay) the milkman for over two months.
(a)  did not pay      (b) have not paid     (c) had not paid     (d) had not been paying

34.One (use) milk to make butter and cheese.
(a)  used      (b) uses     (c) has used     (d) has been using

35. While he (get) off the bus, he fell and broke his left leg.
(a)  got      (b) had been getting     (c) was getting     (d) had got

36. The light (burn) all night.
(a)  has burnt      (b) is burning     (c) burns     (d) has been burning

37. He already (vacate) the house.
(a)  has already been vacating      (b) vacates    (c) has already vacated    (d) is already vacating

38. I (read) all the novels of Tolstoy.
(a)  have read      (b) read    (c) was reading    (d) had been reading

39. She (sing) very beautifully at the concert  last evening.
(a)  sings      (b) sang    (c) had been singing    (d) was singing

40. The dog (bite) her on the ankle when she tried to catch it..
(a)  had bitten      (b) was biting    (c) bit    (d) had been bitting

41. She usually (sing) classical songs, but today she is singing film songs.
(a)  sings      (b) is usually singing    (c) has usually sung    (d) has usually been singing

42. He just (have) his haircut.
(a)  have just had      (b) has just had    (c) is just having    (d) is just having

43. I (buy) a new car last month.
(a)  have bought      (b) had bought    (c) bought    (d) was buying

44. How often you (see) Hindi movies when you were in New Delhi.
(a)  did you see      (b) had you seen    (c) were you seeing    (d) had you been seeing

45. The servant dropped one glass while she (see) Hindi movies when you were in New Delhi.
(a)  did you see      (b) had you seen    (c) were you seeing    (d) had you been seeing

46. He (collect) stamps for over ten years now.
(a)  collects      (b) has been collecting    (c) is collecting    (d) has collected

47. My nephew (stay) with me now.
(a)  stays      (b) has been staying   (c) has stayed    (d) is staying

48. I (not hear) from him for over a year.
(a)  did not hear      (b) had not heard   (c) was not hearing    (d) have not heard

49. Evertime he (open) his mouth a reputation dies.
(a)  opened      (b) has opened   (c) was opening    (d) opens

50. The boat (sink), so all the passengers jumped into the river and swam to the shore. .
(a)  sank      (b) had sunk   (c) has sunk    (d) was sinking

51. He now (live) in Mumbai with his grandparents.
(a)  lives      (b) has now been living   (c) is now living    (d) has now lived

52. Those of you who (not know) the answer can ask for help.
(a)  do not      (b) does not   (c) know not    (d) are not knowing

53. I just now (pay) my tution fee.
(a)  am just now playing      (b) pay   (c) have just now paid    (d) have just noe being paid.

54. Look! An old man (run) after the bus.
(a)  runs      (b) has run   (c) has been running    (d) is running

55. We can resume our journey, for the sun (shine) now.
(a)  has been shining      (b) is shining   (c) has shone    (d) shines

56. Whenever she (want) to explain something, the teacher uses the Black Board.
(a)  is wanting      (b) want   (c) wants    (d) has been wanting

57. He is not here now. He (go) to Chennai.
(a)  goes      (b) has been going   (c) is going    (d) has gone

58. You will spoil youreyesight if you (gaze) too much at the sun.
(a)  gaze      (b) gazes   (c) are gazing    (d) have gazed

59. Whatever you (do) do with your might.
(a)  have done      (b) have been doing   (c) are doing    (d) do

60. It is common knowledge that barking dogs seldom (bite).
(a)  bites      (b) bite   (c) have seldon bitten    (d) are seldom bitting

61. The children (play) all this afternoon.
(a)  are playing      (b) have played   (c) have been playing    (d) play

62. How long you (work) in this office.
(a)  are you working      (b) have you worked   (c) you have worked    (d) work

63. Since when you (have) that new computer?
(a)  are you having      (b) do you have   (c) have you had    (d) have been having

64. The child (cry) for a long time. It seems his mother does not hear his cry.
(a)  is crying      (b) has been crying   (c) cries    (d) has cried

65. They (build) that house for over a year and it hasn’t been finished yet.
(a)  have been building      (b) are building   (c) have built    (d) build

66. He (appear) for the examinationthree times, but has not passed it yet.
(a)  appears      (b) has appeared   (c) has been appearing    (d) is appearing

67. How many times you (be) to the show this week.
(a)  are you      (b) have you been   (c) you have been    (d) are you being

68. She (be) to the doctor of and on for six months.
(a)  has been      (b) is   (c) is being    (d) having been

69. Look! The poor man (stand) in the rain for an hour now.
(a)  is standing     (b) stands   (c) has stood    (d) has been standing

70. I think I should go now, for the sun (shine).
(a)  shines     (b) has been shining   (c) is shining    (d) has shone

71. The First World War (break) out in 1914.
(a)  broke     (b) had broken   (c) was breaking out    (d) had been breaking

72. He (work) in a school for two years when he was selected for appointment in a bank.
(a)  was working     (b) has been working   (c) had been working    (d) worked

73. They (finish) their work half an hour ago..
(a)  have finished     (b) finished   (c) had finished    (d) had been finishing

74. We (know) each other for the past ten years.
(a)  have known     (b) had known   (c) knew    (d) were knowing

75. They (live) in this house when their father was working here.
(a)  had lived     (b) lived   (c) have lived    (d) had been living

76. I (see) this fellow at the station last week.
(a)  saw     (b) had seen   (c) were  seeing    (d) had seen

77. He (head) several committees  in his official career.
(a)  had been heading     (b) was heading   (c) had headed    (d) headed

78. My father (drop) me to school every morning when he was working in this city.
(a)  was dropping     (b) had dropped   (c) dropped   (d) had been dropping

79. I (have) so many interruptions yesterday.
(a)  have had     (b) was having   (c) had had   (d) had

80. The patient (sleep) for three hours, so you can wake him up.
(a)  slept     (b) was sleeping   (c) had slept   (d) has slept

81. You (speak) French when you were in Paris?.
(a)  Have you spoken     (b) Had you spoken   (c) were you speaking   (d) did you speak

82. Whenever we (go) to see him, he was out.
(a)  went     (b) have gone   (c) had gone   (d) go

83. We (see) the film last week.
(a)  had seen     (b) have seen   (c) saw   (d) see

84. My friend Gopal (buy) a new car every time a new model appears.
(a)  buys    (b) bought   (c) has bought   (d) has been buying

85. Colombus (discover) America in 1492.
(a)  had discovered    (b) has discovered   (c) was discovering   (d) discovered

86. When they went out, the sun (shine).
(a)  was shining    (b) shone   (c) had shone   (d) had been shining

87. When I was in Rome, I (learn) the Italian language.
(a)  was learning    (b) had learnt   (c) have learnt   (d) learnt

88. He (have) his lunch when I went to see him.
(a)  has been having    (b) had had   (c) has had  (d) was having

89. When my grandfather went for a walk, he always (take) an umbrella with him.
(a)  takes    (b) took   (c) had always taken  (d) was always taking

90. When the telephone rang, he (have) a bath.
(a)  is having    (b) had   (c) was having  (d) had been having

91. How often you (play) football when you were at the University.
(a)  did you play    (b) have you played   (c) were you playing  (d) you played

92. She sprained her ankle while she (play) tennis.
(a)  was playing    (b) played   (c) had been playing  (d) had played

93. The aeroplane (fly) very low when I caught sight of it.
(a)  flew    (b) flows   (c) was flying  (d) had been flying

94. She was talking to your neighbour when the telephone (ring).
(a)  rang    (b) rings  (c) was ringing  (d) had been ringing

95. The thief (get) out of the house by the time the police arrived.
(a)  got    (b) was getting   (c) had been getting     (d) had got

96. He told me he already (discuss) the matter with his parents.
(a)  discussed    (b) had already discussed   (c) has already discussed     (d) was already discussing

97. They (want) to know what had happened to their propasal.
(a)  want    (b) wanted   (c) were wanting     (d) had been wanting

98. He (say) he was not present at the meeting. .
(a)  says    (b) had said   (c) said     (d) was saying

99. She presumed you (take) her purse .
(a)  were taking    (b) had taken   (c) took     (d) had been taking

100. The plane had already landed by the time I (reach) the airport .
(a)  reach    (b) was reaching   (c) reached     (d) had reached


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